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Flashcards in WorldLiterature Deck (63)
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1

The coming of Jesus (either in the Incarnation of biblical times or in the 2nd coming at the end of the world); also a time observed in December to prepare for Christmas

Advent

2

Plays that stress the illogical or irrational aspects of experience, usually to show the pointlessness of modern life.

theater of the absurd

3

A group of leaders in the literature and thought of France, supported by the govmt of France and sets standards for use of the French language.

French Academy

4

School of philosphy established by Plato in Athens, one of Greece's first colleges, Aristotle went there, the Academy continued in operation for several hundred years

Plato's Academy

5

"The Boy Who Cried Wolf", "the Fox and the Grapes", "The Tortoise and the Hare"

Aesop's fables

6

Slave who lived from 620 to 560 BC, a fabulist

Aesop

7

"_____ and the Forty Thieves" a story from the "Arabian Nights", he gains access to the cave with treasure of the thieves by saying "Open, sesame"

Ali Baba

8

The Amish broke away from this group in the 17th century

Mennonites

9

Cultural group formed by early German-speaking immigrants, known for lots of foods such as "shoo-fly pie", "funnel cakes", putting the hole in the doughnut, and putting hex signs above their barns

Pennsylvania Dutch

10

group of churches historically based in the Church of England, combines Catholic and Protestant elements (e.g. they have bishops, but don't accept the authority of the pope)

Anglican Communion

11

Most influential theologian of Middle Ages, saint of the Roman Catholic Church, reconciled faith and reason, listed the 7 deadly sins

Thomas Aquinas

12

"Summa Theologica", in one section he discusses 5 ways to attempt to prove that there is a God

Thomas Aquinas

13

To prevent her execution, she tells a new story every night for 1001 days to her husband the sultan

Scheherazade

14

Also called "The Thousand and One Nights", features Alladin, Ali Baba, and Sinbad the sailor

Arabian Nights

15

"The Seven Voyages of ____"

Sinbad the Sailor

16

Ancient greek dramatist 445-385 BC, author of comedies "The Clouds", "The Frogs", and "Lysistrata", called "The Father of Comedy"

Aristophanes

17

Phileas Fogg

Around the World in Eighty Days (1873)

18

Jules Verne

Around the World in Eighty Days (1873)

19

Christian teacher 354-430 AD, first major medieval philospher, blended Plato and Christian thought, dramatic conversion to Christianity, became a bishop and a saint, wrote "The City of God" and his autobiography "Confessions"

Saint Augustine (also Augustine of Hippo)

20

the incarnation of a Hindu God (the Buddha is a ___ of the god Vishnu)

avatar

21

religion which advocates universal peace and spiritual unit of humankind, founded in Persia in 1863, main hub in Haifa

Bahaism (followers of Baha'i faith)

22

French author who wrote "The Human Comedy", a collection of 91 stories, novels, and essays about French society during the French Restoration

Honore de Balzac

23

Jewish ceremony marking the beginning of religious responsibility for Jewish boys of 13 (and the less popular version for girls is called ___)

bar mitzvah (male) / bat mitzvah (female)

24

Irish-born French absurdist author, wrote "Waiting for Godot" 1953 play (where Godot never shows up)

Samuel Beckett

25

Russian playwright of "The Cherry Orchard" play (1904), "The Three Sisters" (1901) play, and "Dyadya Vanya (Uncle Vanya)" play, and short stories

Anton Chekhov

26

founded Christian Science, a religion that believes that sickness and sin can be overcome by prayer (many refuse medical treatment), also founded the newspaper "Christian Science Monitor"

Mary Baker Eddy

27

A Roman orator, writer, and statesman known for his speeches to the Roman Senate, executed by Mark Antony for badmouthing him

Cicero

28

alphabet used for writing the Russian language and several related languages, most letters differ from the Latin alphabet

Cyrillic alphabet

29

reasoning from the general to the specific (or more accurately the movement from a premis to an absolutely certain conclusion), used by mathematical induction

deductive reasoning

30

reasoning from specific instances to predict general principles (strong argument, but does not have to be absolutely certain)

inductive reasoning