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Flashcards in Poetry Deck (78):
1

Dante's guide through hell and purgatory

Virgil (Roman poet)

2

old Mesopotamian poem (oldest epic poem) about a real-life Sumerian king who founds the city of Uruk, __ descends into the underworld to look for his dead friend Enkidu, and faces an apocalypic flood, found preserved on 12 tablets

"Epic of Gilgamesh"

3

epic religious hymns concerning the deities and religious ideas of the Aryans (settled in India c. 1500 BC), means "knowledge" in sanskrit, became the foundation of Hinduism and Buddhism

vedas

4

3rd BC Ancient Greek Hellenestic Age poet famous for his triumphal odes, when Alexander conquered Thebes he destroyed all houses except his

Pindar

5

12th song about a Carolingian hero at the Battle of Roncesvalles in 778, he's the nephew of Charlemagne, a French epic hero

The Song of Roland

6

17th French playwright, "Phedre" about Phaedra, daughter of King Minos of Crete who commits suicide after falling for a boy, friends with Moliere, historian for Louis XIV

Jean Racine

7

16th English poet best known for "The Faerie Queene" an epic poem and fantastical allegory celebrating the Tudor dynasty and Elizabeth I (she rewarded him with a pension for life)

Edmund Spenser

8

16/17th English poet, most famous metaphysical poet (Samuel Johnson's term for some 17th century poets), used metaphor, 'No man is an Island, entire of itself', 'for whom the bell tolls', "Death be not proud Mary" poem, monument in St Paul's Cathedral

John Donne

9

16/17th English playwright & poet, 2nd most important Elizabethan dramatist behind Shakespeare (friend too), "Volpone" play, "to Celia" poems ('drink to me only with thine eyes'), killed a man in 1598 and was imprisoned

Ben Jonson

10

18th English poet knorn for his satirical verse and his translation of Homer, famous use of heroic couplet (rhyming 2 lines), "Rape of the Lock" (Lord cuts a curl from a girl's hair), "Essay on Man", "Essay on Criticism"

alexander pope

11

fools rush in where angels fear to tread', 'to err is human, to forgive, divine', 'hope springs eternal in the human breast', 'a little learning is a dangerous thing'

alexander pope

12

17th English poet during Restoration England, Poet Laureate for Charles II in 1668, only Poet Laureate to be dismissed due to his refusal to sign oath of allegiance to William III

john dryden

13

18/19th English poet, leader in Romanticism, "Don Juan" (unfinished), "Childe Harold's Pilgrimmate", known for his rakish (immoral) behavior, swam the Hellespont, fought with the Greeks for Independence against the Ottomon Empire in 1831

Lord Byron

14

friends with Percy Shelley, left England after one scandal too many, 'she walks in beauty, like the night', died in Greece of rheumatic fever

Lord Byron

15

18th (very) Scottish Romantic poet, considered the national poet of Scotland, "Auld Lang Syne" (poem and song), "Tam o' Shanter", 'the best laid schemes o' mice an' men', 'my luve's like a red, red rose'

Robert Burns

16

18/19th English Romantic poet, 'Tyger! Tyger! Burning bright, in the forests of the night', 'little lamb, who made thee?'

William Blake

17

18/19th English Romantic poet, a "lake poet" (because he was born in the Lake District of England), "The Prelude" (a semiautobiographical poem of his early years), friends with Samuel Taylor Coleridge (wrote "Lyrical Ballads" with him), "Tintern Abbey"

William Wordsworth

18

19th English Romantic poet, "Endymion" begins 'a thing of beauty is a joy forever', "Ode on a Grecian Urn" has 'truth is beauty, beauty is truth, --that is all', many other Odes, died at 25 of tuberculosis in Rome (visit his house near Spanish Steps)

John Keats

19

19th English Romantic poet, "Adonais" (eligy to John Keats), "Prometheus Unbound", "Ode to the West Wind", expelled from Oxford for writing "The Necessity of Atheism", 'if winter comes, can spring be far behind?', died while sailing in Tuscany at 30

Percy Bysshe Shelley

20

18th German Romantic poet and playwright, "Ode to Joy" poem, "William Tell" play, friends with Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Friedrich Schiller

21

19th English poet and playwright, "Pippa Passes" play (Pippa passes the time on her day off from a silk mill, she sings 'God in his heaven - All's right with the world' )

Robert Browning

22

wrote love letters and married Elizabeth Barrett (his little Portuguese), 'grow old along with me! The best is yet to be!"

Robert Browning

23

19th English Poet Laureate for Queen Victoria, "Idylls of the King" (about King Arthur and quest for holy grail), "In Memoriam" eligy for his best friend

Alfred, Lord Tennyson

24

wrote 'tis better to have loved and lost than never to have loved at all', 'theirs not to reason why, theirs but to do and die', 'to strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield'

Alfred, Lord Tennyson

25

19th French poet and essayist, "Les Fleurs du

Charles Baudelaire

26

29th French poet, wrote all of his poetry as a teenager and stopped writing at age 20, "Le Bateau ivre", shot in the armby another poet Paul Verlaine

Arthur Rimbaud

27

19th American poet, part of transition from transcendentalism to realism, "Drum-Taps" inspired by his work as a volunteer nurse during the Civil War, known as the "good gray poet" due to his bushy gray beard, "I Hear America Singing", "Song Of Myself"

Walt Whitman

28

wrote 'when lilacs last in the dooryard bloom'd', 'O Captain! My Captain!' (on the death of Abraham Lincoln)

Walt Whitman

29

19th American poet who lived a reclusive life in Amherst, MA, (known as The Bell of Amherst, then the Nun), rarely left her room, wrote 1775 poems (only 7 published), upon her death her sister found nearly 1000 poems hidden

Emily Dickinson

30

poems that deal with death and immortality, 'Because I could not stop for death, he kindly stopped for me', 'Success is counted sweetest by those who ne'er succeed'

Emily Dickinson

31

19/20th Irish poet, first Irishman to win the Nobel Prize in Literature, friends with Ezra Pound, "Easter 1916", 'no country for old men', 'cast a cold eye on life, on death, horseman, pass by' epitaph

William Butler (W.B.) Yeats

32

19/20th American modernist poet living in London, moved to Italy and supported Mussolini and Hitler and badmouthed America during WW2, ended up in insane asylum, friends with T.S. Eliot (dedicated Wasteland to him) and Ernest Hemingway

Ezra Pound

33

20th American poet, married fellow poet Ted Hughes, suffered depression and committed suicide in 1963 at 30, "The Ball Jar" an autobiographical novel under pen name Victoria Lewis, published a month before her death, played by Gwenyth Paltrow in a movie

Sylvia Plath

34

20th English Poet Laureate and children's writer, married to Sylvia Plath, "Birthday Letters" was about their complex relationship after decades of silence, "The Iron Giant", played by Daniel Craig in movie

Ted Hughes

35

19/20th New England American poet, won 3 Pullitzers, read at JFK's inauguration, "North of Boston", "Mending Wall" poem ends 'fences make good neighbors'

Robert Frost

36

"Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening" poem has 'the woods are lovely, dark, and deep, But I have promises to keep And miles to go before I sleep'

Robert Frost

37

"The Road Not Taken" poem starts 'Two roads divereged in a yellow wood' and ends 'and I--I took the one less traveled by'

Robert Frost

38

wrote 'home is the place where, when you have to go there, they have to take you in', 'some say the world will end in fire, some say in ice'

Robert Frost

39

20th American poet, innovator of jazz poetry, lead of Harlem Renaissance movement, 'What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun?'

Langston Hughes

40

19/20th American writer and poet, "The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas" was her autobiography written in the voice of her life partner

Gertrude Stein

41

coined the term the "lost generation" about post-WWI young people, 'a rose is a rose is a rose is a rose', 'there is no there there' about her chidlhood home Oakland

Gertrude Stein

42

20th Spanish poet and dramatist, executed by Franco's forces during the Spanish Civil War

Frederico Garcia Lorca

43

20th American poet and beatnik in the 50s, "Howl" poem denouncing capitalism and controversial (obscenity caused a trial, he won) due to its depiction of gay sex (he was homosexual), it starts 'I saw the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness'

Allen Ginsberg

44

20th Welsh poet and writer, 'do not go gentle into that good night' and later 'Rage, rage against the dying of the light', died after drinking 18 straight whiskies

Dylan Thomas

45

"Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dog" is stories about his youth, "A Refusal to Mourn the Death, by Fire, of a Child in London", "Fern Hill"

Dylan Thomas

46

wrote "Under Milk Wood" play about the inhabitants of a Welsh seaside town which was published posthumously, turned into a movie starring Richard Burton, Peter O'Toole and Elizabeth Taylor

Dylan Thomas

47

20th English poet who moved to America, wrote about the Spanish Civil War and other things, "Funeral Blues" (Stop all the clocks, cut off the telephone) was read aloud in "Four Weddings and a Funeral"

W.H. (Wystan Hugh) Auden

48

wrote 'April is the cruelest month, breeding lilacs out of the dead land…stirring Dull roots with spring rain'

T.S. (Thomas Stearns) Eliot

49

18th English poet, "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard" poem has 'far from the madding crowd', "Ode on the Death of a Favorite Cat", refused title of Poet Laureate

Thomas Gray

50

19/20th English poet and novelist, wrote stories for kids, born in Bombay and moved to England at 5 (but returned at 17), first Brit to win the Nobel Prize in Literature

Rudyard Kipling

51

"Rikki-Tikki-Tavi" story in ___ about a mongoose who protects an English family from a deadly cobra, "Just So Stories", "Kim" (about an orphan boy Kim who goes on a journey with a Tibetan lama), "Barrack-Room Ballads"

Rudyard Kipling (The Jungle Book)

52

"Ballad of East and West" has 'east is east and west is west and never the twain shall meet'

Rudyard Kipling

53

"The Man Who Would Be King" (a pair of comic adventurers become the leaders of an Afghan tribe), "Gunga Din" poem

Rudyard Kipling

54

poem about an Indian water carrier saves a soldier's life, but is shot and killed, 'You're a better man that I am, ___'

Gunga Din

55

If-- poem (paternal advice to his son to become a man), "Captains Courageous" (a boy's coming of age on a fishing boat)

Rudyard Kipling

56

John Milton's sequel to "Paradise Lost"

Paradise Regained

57

wrote "On His Blindness" with last line 'they also serve who only stand and wait', means he has a place in God's world even though he's blind

John Milton

58

19th American poet, "Tales of a Wayside Inn" includes "Paul Revere's Ride", "The Song of Hiawatha", "The Village Blacksmith" has 'under the spreading chest-nut tree The village smithy stands'

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

59

An inscription at the entrance to Hell as described by Dante in "The Divide Comedy"

Abandon hope, all ye who enter here

60

3 divisions of the world according to "The Divine Comedy"

Inferno (Hell), Purgatorio (Purgatory), Paradiso (Heaven)

61

Ancient Greek poet, the founder of Tragedy, first to use 2 actors with dialogue instead of 1 with a chorus, oldest of the big 3 Greek playwrights

Aeschylus

62

"Prometheus Bound", "Seven Against Thebes", "Oresteia" trilogy

Aeschylus

63

French poet of "Flowers of Evil" in 1857, known for morbid beauty and evocative language

Charles Baudelaire

64

A devil in "Faust" (1808) by Goethe who temps Faust into selling his soul to the devil, also appears in "Doctor Faustus" (1604) play by Christopher Marlowe

Mephistopheles

65

____ wrote Metamorphosis, ___ wrote Metamorphoses

Franz Kafka, Roman poet Ovid

66

20th century Chilean poet, considered greatest of recent Latin-American poets, won Nobel Prize for literature in 1971, also served in Chile's Senate

Pablo Neruda

67

12th century Persian poet and astronomer, author of "Rubaiyat" (a collection of his quatrains - 4 line poems), calculated number of days in a year almost exactly, wrote an Alegebra textbook

Omar Khayyam

68

Ancient Greek poet known for her love lyrics, lesbian born on island of Lesbos (where word lesbian is derived), Plato called her the tenth muse, only one 28 line poem survives in its entirety

Sappho

69

19th American poet, "The New Colossus" sonnet which appears on the Statue of Liberty ('Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free..I lift my lamp beside the golden door')

Emma Lazarus

70

poem by William Ernest Henley, means "unconquered", speaker proclaims his strength in the face of adversity, ends 'I am the master of my fate: I am the captain of my soul'

Invictus

71

19th English poet, known for his literary nonsense works (using real and invented English words) and limericks, "The Owl and the Pussy-Cat" (the pussycat proposes to the owl, starts 'The Owl and the Pussy-Cat went to sea In a beautiful pea-green boat')

Edward Lear

72

20th American author and poet, wrote a biography of Abraham Lincoln, "Chicago Poems" called Chicago many things ("Hog Butcher for the World, City with Large Shoulders"), "Prairie", 'the fog comes on little cat feet'

Carl Sandburg

73

18/19th Scottish novelist and poet, wrote "The Lady of the Lake"

Sir Walter Scott

74

19th American Quaker poet and advocate of abolition of slavery, 'blessings on thee, little man, barefoot boy, with cheek of tan', 'for all sad words of tongue or pen, the saddest are these: It might have been!'

John Greenleaf Whittier

75

19/20th American writer and poet, "Trees" poem with opening line 'I think I shall never see A poem as lovely as a tree', killed during WW1

Joyce Kilmer

76

Poem about WW1 battlefield in Belgium and France filled with poppies, caused tradition to wear poppies on Veterans Day, also name of cemetary near Belgium where WW1 veterans are buried

"In Flanders Field" by John McCrae

77

wrote 'and fired the shot heard round the world' in reference to the Battle of Concord, the first battle (along with Lexington) of the American Revolution

Ralph Waldo Emerson

78

17th English poet, fought for the Cavaliers during the British Civil War, "To Althea, from Prison" has 'stone walls do not a prison make, nor iron bars a cage'

Richard Lovelace