Flashcards in Poetry Deck (78):
Dante's guide through hell and purgatory
Virgil (Roman poet)
old Mesopotamian poem (oldest epic poem) about a real-life Sumerian king who founds the city of Uruk, __ descends into the underworld to look for his dead friend Enkidu, and faces an apocalypic flood, found preserved on 12 tablets
"Epic of Gilgamesh"
epic religious hymns concerning the deities and religious ideas of the Aryans (settled in India c. 1500 BC), means "knowledge" in sanskrit, became the foundation of Hinduism and Buddhism
3rd BC Ancient Greek Hellenestic Age poet famous for his triumphal odes, when Alexander conquered Thebes he destroyed all houses except his
12th song about a Carolingian hero at the Battle of Roncesvalles in 778, he's the nephew of Charlemagne, a French epic hero
The Song of Roland
17th French playwright, "Phedre" about Phaedra, daughter of King Minos of Crete who commits suicide after falling for a boy, friends with Moliere, historian for Louis XIV
16th English poet best known for "The Faerie Queene" an epic poem and fantastical allegory celebrating the Tudor dynasty and Elizabeth I (she rewarded him with a pension for life)
16/17th English poet, most famous metaphysical poet (Samuel Johnson's term for some 17th century poets), used metaphor, 'No man is an Island, entire of itself', 'for whom the bell tolls', "Death be not proud Mary" poem, monument in St Paul's Cathedral
16/17th English playwright & poet, 2nd most important Elizabethan dramatist behind Shakespeare (friend too), "Volpone" play, "to Celia" poems ('drink to me only with thine eyes'), killed a man in 1598 and was imprisoned
18th English poet knorn for his satirical verse and his translation of Homer, famous use of heroic couplet (rhyming 2 lines), "Rape of the Lock" (Lord cuts a curl from a girl's hair), "Essay on Man", "Essay on Criticism"
fools rush in where angels fear to tread', 'to err is human, to forgive, divine', 'hope springs eternal in the human breast', 'a little learning is a dangerous thing'
17th English poet during Restoration England, Poet Laureate for Charles II in 1668, only Poet Laureate to be dismissed due to his refusal to sign oath of allegiance to William III
18/19th English poet, leader in Romanticism, "Don Juan" (unfinished), "Childe Harold's Pilgrimmate", known for his rakish (immoral) behavior, swam the Hellespont, fought with the Greeks for Independence against the Ottomon Empire in 1831
friends with Percy Shelley, left England after one scandal too many, 'she walks in beauty, like the night', died in Greece of rheumatic fever
18th (very) Scottish Romantic poet, considered the national poet of Scotland, "Auld Lang Syne" (poem and song), "Tam o' Shanter", 'the best laid schemes o' mice an' men', 'my luve's like a red, red rose'
18/19th English Romantic poet, 'Tyger! Tyger! Burning bright, in the forests of the night', 'little lamb, who made thee?'
18/19th English Romantic poet, a "lake poet" (because he was born in the Lake District of England), "The Prelude" (a semiautobiographical poem of his early years), friends with Samuel Taylor Coleridge (wrote "Lyrical Ballads" with him), "Tintern Abbey"
19th English Romantic poet, "Endymion" begins 'a thing of beauty is a joy forever', "Ode on a Grecian Urn" has 'truth is beauty, beauty is truth, --that is all', many other Odes, died at 25 of tuberculosis in Rome (visit his house near Spanish Steps)
19th English Romantic poet, "Adonais" (eligy to John Keats), "Prometheus Unbound", "Ode to the West Wind", expelled from Oxford for writing "The Necessity of Atheism", 'if winter comes, can spring be far behind?', died while sailing in Tuscany at 30
Percy Bysshe Shelley
18th German Romantic poet and playwright, "Ode to Joy" poem, "William Tell" play, friends with Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
19th English poet and playwright, "Pippa Passes" play (Pippa passes the time on her day off from a silk mill, she sings 'God in his heaven - All's right with the world' )
wrote love letters and married Elizabeth Barrett (his little Portuguese), 'grow old along with me! The best is yet to be!"
19th English Poet Laureate for Queen Victoria, "Idylls of the King" (about King Arthur and quest for holy grail), "In Memoriam" eligy for his best friend
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
wrote 'tis better to have loved and lost than never to have loved at all', 'theirs not to reason why, theirs but to do and die', 'to strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield'
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
19th French poet and essayist, "Les Fleurs du
29th French poet, wrote all of his poetry as a teenager and stopped writing at age 20, "Le Bateau ivre", shot in the armby another poet Paul Verlaine
19th American poet, part of transition from transcendentalism to realism, "Drum-Taps" inspired by his work as a volunteer nurse during the Civil War, known as the "good gray poet" due to his bushy gray beard, "I Hear America Singing", "Song Of Myself"
wrote 'when lilacs last in the dooryard bloom'd', 'O Captain! My Captain!' (on the death of Abraham Lincoln)
19th American poet who lived a reclusive life in Amherst, MA, (known as The Bell of Amherst, then the Nun), rarely left her room, wrote 1775 poems (only 7 published), upon her death her sister found nearly 1000 poems hidden
poems that deal with death and immortality, 'Because I could not stop for death, he kindly stopped for me', 'Success is counted sweetest by those who ne'er succeed'
19/20th Irish poet, first Irishman to win the Nobel Prize in Literature, friends with Ezra Pound, "Easter 1916", 'no country for old men', 'cast a cold eye on life, on death, horseman, pass by' epitaph
William Butler (W.B.) Yeats
19/20th American modernist poet living in London, moved to Italy and supported Mussolini and Hitler and badmouthed America during WW2, ended up in insane asylum, friends with T.S. Eliot (dedicated Wasteland to him) and Ernest Hemingway
20th American poet, married fellow poet Ted Hughes, suffered depression and committed suicide in 1963 at 30, "The Ball Jar" an autobiographical novel under pen name Victoria Lewis, published a month before her death, played by Gwenyth Paltrow in a movie
20th English Poet Laureate and children's writer, married to Sylvia Plath, "Birthday Letters" was about their complex relationship after decades of silence, "The Iron Giant", played by Daniel Craig in movie
19/20th New England American poet, won 3 Pullitzers, read at JFK's inauguration, "North of Boston", "Mending Wall" poem ends 'fences make good neighbors'
"Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening" poem has 'the woods are lovely, dark, and deep, But I have promises to keep And miles to go before I sleep'
"The Road Not Taken" poem starts 'Two roads divereged in a yellow wood' and ends 'and I--I took the one less traveled by'
wrote 'home is the place where, when you have to go there, they have to take you in', 'some say the world will end in fire, some say in ice'
20th American poet, innovator of jazz poetry, lead of Harlem Renaissance movement, 'What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun?'
19/20th American writer and poet, "The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas" was her autobiography written in the voice of her life partner
coined the term the "lost generation" about post-WWI young people, 'a rose is a rose is a rose is a rose', 'there is no there there' about her chidlhood home Oakland
20th Spanish poet and dramatist, executed by Franco's forces during the Spanish Civil War
Frederico Garcia Lorca
20th American poet and beatnik in the 50s, "Howl" poem denouncing capitalism and controversial (obscenity caused a trial, he won) due to its depiction of gay sex (he was homosexual), it starts 'I saw the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness'
20th Welsh poet and writer, 'do not go gentle into that good night' and later 'Rage, rage against the dying of the light', died after drinking 18 straight whiskies
"Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dog" is stories about his youth, "A Refusal to Mourn the Death, by Fire, of a Child in London", "Fern Hill"
wrote "Under Milk Wood" play about the inhabitants of a Welsh seaside town which was published posthumously, turned into a movie starring Richard Burton, Peter O'Toole and Elizabeth Taylor
20th English poet who moved to America, wrote about the Spanish Civil War and other things, "Funeral Blues" (Stop all the clocks, cut off the telephone) was read aloud in "Four Weddings and a Funeral"
W.H. (Wystan Hugh) Auden
wrote 'April is the cruelest month, breeding lilacs out of the dead land…stirring Dull roots with spring rain'
T.S. (Thomas Stearns) Eliot
18th English poet, "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard" poem has 'far from the madding crowd', "Ode on the Death of a Favorite Cat", refused title of Poet Laureate
19/20th English poet and novelist, wrote stories for kids, born in Bombay and moved to England at 5 (but returned at 17), first Brit to win the Nobel Prize in Literature
"Rikki-Tikki-Tavi" story in ___ about a mongoose who protects an English family from a deadly cobra, "Just So Stories", "Kim" (about an orphan boy Kim who goes on a journey with a Tibetan lama), "Barrack-Room Ballads"
Rudyard Kipling (The Jungle Book)
"Ballad of East and West" has 'east is east and west is west and never the twain shall meet'
"The Man Who Would Be King" (a pair of comic adventurers become the leaders of an Afghan tribe), "Gunga Din" poem
poem about an Indian water carrier saves a soldier's life, but is shot and killed, 'You're a better man that I am, ___'
If-- poem (paternal advice to his son to become a man), "Captains Courageous" (a boy's coming of age on a fishing boat)
John Milton's sequel to "Paradise Lost"
wrote "On His Blindness" with last line 'they also serve who only stand and wait', means he has a place in God's world even though he's blind
19th American poet, "Tales of a Wayside Inn" includes "Paul Revere's Ride", "The Song of Hiawatha", "The Village Blacksmith" has 'under the spreading chest-nut tree The village smithy stands'
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
An inscription at the entrance to Hell as described by Dante in "The Divide Comedy"
Abandon hope, all ye who enter here
3 divisions of the world according to "The Divine Comedy"
Inferno (Hell), Purgatorio (Purgatory), Paradiso (Heaven)
Ancient Greek poet, the founder of Tragedy, first to use 2 actors with dialogue instead of 1 with a chorus, oldest of the big 3 Greek playwrights
"Prometheus Bound", "Seven Against Thebes", "Oresteia" trilogy
French poet of "Flowers of Evil" in 1857, known for morbid beauty and evocative language
A devil in "Faust" (1808) by Goethe who temps Faust into selling his soul to the devil, also appears in "Doctor Faustus" (1604) play by Christopher Marlowe
____ wrote Metamorphosis, ___ wrote Metamorphoses
Franz Kafka, Roman poet Ovid
20th century Chilean poet, considered greatest of recent Latin-American poets, won Nobel Prize for literature in 1971, also served in Chile's Senate
12th century Persian poet and astronomer, author of "Rubaiyat" (a collection of his quatrains - 4 line poems), calculated number of days in a year almost exactly, wrote an Alegebra textbook
Ancient Greek poet known for her love lyrics, lesbian born on island of Lesbos (where word lesbian is derived), Plato called her the tenth muse, only one 28 line poem survives in its entirety
19th American poet, "The New Colossus" sonnet which appears on the Statue of Liberty ('Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free..I lift my lamp beside the golden door')
poem by William Ernest Henley, means "unconquered", speaker proclaims his strength in the face of adversity, ends 'I am the master of my fate: I am the captain of my soul'
19th English poet, known for his literary nonsense works (using real and invented English words) and limericks, "The Owl and the Pussy-Cat" (the pussycat proposes to the owl, starts 'The Owl and the Pussy-Cat went to sea In a beautiful pea-green boat')
20th American author and poet, wrote a biography of Abraham Lincoln, "Chicago Poems" called Chicago many things ("Hog Butcher for the World, City with Large Shoulders"), "Prairie", 'the fog comes on little cat feet'
18/19th Scottish novelist and poet, wrote "The Lady of the Lake"
Sir Walter Scott
19th American Quaker poet and advocate of abolition of slavery, 'blessings on thee, little man, barefoot boy, with cheek of tan', 'for all sad words of tongue or pen, the saddest are these: It might have been!'
John Greenleaf Whittier
19/20th American writer and poet, "Trees" poem with opening line 'I think I shall never see A poem as lovely as a tree', killed during WW1
Poem about WW1 battlefield in Belgium and France filled with poppies, caused tradition to wear poppies on Veterans Day, also name of cemetary near Belgium where WW1 veterans are buried
"In Flanders Field" by John McCrae
wrote 'and fired the shot heard round the world' in reference to the Battle of Concord, the first battle (along with Lexington) of the American Revolution
Ralph Waldo Emerson