NASM Free ch. 6 General Terms Flashcards Preview

NASM Free ch. 6 broken down Part 1 > NASM Free ch. 6 General Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in NASM Free ch. 6 General Terms Deck (7)
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1

The KINETIC CHAIN can be defied as what?

1. The human movement system

2. How different segments of the body work together

2

The human movement system can also be referred to as what?

which is comprised of what 3 parts?

The kinetic chain

1. Nervous System

2. Muscular System

3. Skeletal System

3

When a tight muscle causes decreased neural drive of its antagonist. (the opposing muscle will be lengthened and in an underactive state)

What is ALTERED RECIPRICAL INHIBITION?

4

What is the neuromuscular phenomenon that occurs when inappropriate muscles take over the function of a weak or inhibited prime mover.

Synnergistic Dominance

5

Explain how hip flexors during a squat can demonstrate RECIPROCAL INHIBITION and SYNERGISTIC DOMINANCE.

TIGHT HIP FLEXORS during SQUATS (which use glutes and quads but some hams because of hip extension)

--Causes reduced signals from the brain TO the GLUT MAX (which performs the majority of heavy lifting)
(ALTERED RECIPROCAL INHIBITION)

--Causes SYNERGISTS like PIRAFORMIS to TAKE OVER (SYNERGISTIC DOMINANCE)

6

What are 5 kinetic chain checkpoints?

1. Foot/ankle

2. Knee

3. Lumbo-pelvic-hip complex (LPHC)

4. Shoulders

5. Head and cervical spine

7

What are the effects of stress and anxiety?

-Elevated resting heart rate

-Elevated blood pressure

-Abnormal breathing patterns

-Which cause muscle imbalances in the neck shoulder chest and low back

-Leading to postural distortion