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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (135)
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1

JUST READ THIS OVER

Guidelines for Health and Fitness Professionals: 6 DO NOTs (what Health and Fitness Professionals DON'T do)

-Diagnose medical conditions

-Prescribe diets

-Prescribe treatment

-Provide treatment of any kind for injury or disease

-Provide rehabilitation services for clients

-Provide counseling services for clients

2

What is SUBJECTIVE INFORMATION within a fitness assessment? What is included in this category?

All the things clients tell you that you can't assess by observing or taking measurements. 

 

General History

Medical History

Occupation

Lifestyle

Personal Information

3

What is OBJECTIVE INFORMATION in a fitness assessment?


JUST READ:

What 6 categories could it include?

Everything that can be directly observed and measured

 

1. Physiological measurements (blood pressure, heart rate)

2. Body composition assessments (height, weight, body fat percentage, circumference)

3. Cardiorespiratory assessments

4. Static posture assessment

5. Movement assessments (dynamic posture)

6. Performance assessments

4

Why is it important to ask a client's LIFESTYLE and what kind of information does it provide?

1. Recreation: physical activities outside of the work environment "leisure time" - golf, ski, tennis, etc - gives general idea about other athleticism outside of gym / motivation towards enhancing performance - example: "better golf swing"

2. Hobbies: not necessarily athletic in nature (gardening, working on cars, playing cards, watching TV, videogames, etc) - may help as a motivational tool

5

JUST READ THIS OVER

 

What information (list 4) is important to collect in the client's medical history?

Why is each important?

1. Past Injuries: strong predictor of future musculskeletal injury during physical activity

2. Past Surgeries: can cause pain and inflammation that can alter neural control to the affected muscles and joints if not rehabilitated properly

3. Chronic Conditions: risk of chronic disease dramatically increase with lack of physical fitness

4. Medications: meds may have an effect on the way the body (heart rate and blood pressure) as well as the way it may react to exercise

6

What effect do ANKLE SPRAIN injuries have on the functioning of the HMS?

1. Decreases the neural control to the gluteus medius and gluteus maximus muscles

2. Can lead to poor control of the lower extremities during functional activities (which can lead to injury)

7

What effect do KNEE injuries have on the functioning of the HMS?

Non contact knee injuries are often the result of what?

1. Decreases the neural control to muscles that stabilize the patella (kneecap) and lead to further injury

2. Non-contact knee injuries are often the result of ankle or hip dysfunctions, (example: result of ankle sprain). This can result in altered movement and force distribution of the knee

8

What effect do LOW BACK injuries have on the functioning of the HMS?

Where can further dysfunction develope as a result?

1. Decreases neural control to the stabilizing muscles of the core, resulting in poor stabilization of the spine

2. can lead to further dysfunction of upper and lower extremities

9

What effect do SHOULDER injuries have on the functioning of the HMS?

Cause altered neural control of the rotator cuff muscles, which can lead to instability of the shoulder joint during functional activities

10

JUST READ THIS OVER

What are some OTHER types of injuries that may have an effect on the functioning of the HMS / muscle imbalances?

Repetitive Hamstring Strains,

Groin Strains,

Patellar Tendonitis (jumper's knee),

Plantar Fasciitis (pain in the heel and bottom of the foot),

Posterior Tibialis Tendonitis (shin splint),

Biceps Tendonitis (shouder pain), and

headaches

11

What are Beta-Blockers generally prescribed for?

What does it do to a person's heart rate?

Blood pressure?

1. Anti-hypertensive (high blood pressure) and Arrhythmias (irregular heart beat) by blocking norepinephrine and epinephrine (adrenaline) from binding to beta receptors on nerves

2. HR: decreases

3. BP: decreases

12

What are Calcium-Channel Blockers generally prescribed for?

What does it do to a person's heart rate?

Blood pressure?

1. Hypertension and Angina (Chest Pain) by preventing calcium from entering cells of the heart and blood vessel walls

2. HR: may increase or decrease or no effect ?

3. BP: decreases

13

What are Nitrates generally prescribed for?

What does it do to a person's heart rate?

Blood pressure?

1. Hypertension and Congestive Heart Failure by increasing the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart and thereby INCREASING THE AMOUNT OF WORK THE HEART CAN DO by dilating (expanding) the arteries and veins

2. HR: may increase or have no effect

3. BP: may decrease or have no effect

14

What are Diuretics generally prescribed for?

What does it do to a person's heart rate?

Blood pressure?

1. Hypertension, Congestive Heart Failure, Peripheral Edema

2. HR: no effect

3. BP: may decrease or have no effect

15

What are Bronchodilators generally prescribed for?

What does it do to a person's heart rate?

Blood pressure?

1. To correct prevent bronchial smooth muscle constriction in individuals with asthma and other pulmonary diseases

2. HR: no effect - really?!

3. BP: no effect

16

What are Vasodilators generally prescribed for?

What does it do to a person's heart rate?

Blood pressure?

1. Hypertension and Congestive Heart Failure

2. HR: may increase or decrease or no effect ?

3. BP: may decrease

17

What are antidepressants generally prescribed for?

What does it do to a person's heart rate?

Blood pressure?

1. Various psychiatric and emotional disorders

2. HR: may increase or have no effect

3. BP: may decrease or have no effect

18

How should a resting heart rate be tested?

 

What is the preferred pulse point to record a person’s heart rate?

Measure number of pulses for 60 seconds. 

Right when they wake up

at the same time 3 mornings in a row (take average),

while they are calm

 

Radial artery

19

What is the purpose of Target Heart Rate Training Zone 1?

 

 

 

Builds aerobic base and aids in recovery

20

What is the purpose of Target Heart Rate Training Zone 2?

Increases aerobic and anaerobic endurance

21

What is the purpose of Target Heart Rate Training Zone 3?

Builds high-end work capacity

22

How do you determine a client's estimated maximal heart rate or HRmax?

-Old method: Subtract client's age by 220 example: 220 - 31 = 189

 

-New method: 208 - (70% of age)

23

What is the Straight Percentage Method to determine Peak Maximal Heart Rate or Target Heart Rate (THR)?

-HRmax times the appropriate zone intensity percent

example: 189 (x) 0.75 (zone 1) = 141.75 THR

24

How do you determine which "Target Heart Rate Zone" your client should be in?

Based off of "3-Minute Step Test" results

or Rockport Walk Test

25

What are the percentage ranges for each zone for Target Heart Rate?

Zone 1: 65-75%

Zone 2: 76-85%

Zone 3: 86-95%

of maximal heart rate (HRmax) = target heart rate

26

A method of establishing training intensity on the basis of the difference between a client's predicted maximal heart rate and their resting heart rate.

What is the HR Reserve (HRR) method or the Karvonen Method?

27

What is the formula for the HR Reserve (HRR) method or the Karvonen Method?

THR = [ desired intensity x (HRmax - HRrest)] + HRrest

example: THR = [(189 - 63) x 0.75] + 63 THR = [126 x 0.75] + 63 THR = [94.5] + 63 THR = 157.5 bpm

Multiply the percentage of intensity from the appropriate zone, times the difference between only your resting and maximum heart rate, then add back the resting heart rate.

28

Name 6 body composition assessments.

1. Skinfold Measurment

2. Bioelectrical Impedance

3. Underwater Weighing (hydrostatic weighing) (based on the fact that fat floats)

4. Circumference Measurements

5. Waist-To-Hip

6. BMI

29

What is a skinfold (SKF) measurement?

What does it show?

What 4 places do you record?

Where (and what side of the body)?

1. uses a caliper to estimate the amount of subcutaneous fat beneath the skin

2. body fat %

3. Biceps, Triceps, Subscapular, Iliac Crest

4. Right side of body

30

What is the name of a portable instrument used to conduct an electrical current through the body to estimate fat?

bioelectrical impedance