NASM Free ch. 6 Assessments of Muscle Imbalance Flashcards Preview

NASM Free ch. 6 broken down Part 1 > NASM Free ch. 6 Assessments of Muscle Imbalance > Flashcards

Flashcards in NASM Free ch. 6 Assessments of Muscle Imbalance Deck (53)
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1

What is the STARTING POSITION for the SQUAT assessment?

-Feet shoulder width apart

-Pointed straight ahead

-Knees in line with toes

-Low back in a neutral position

2

What MOVEMENT INSTRUCTIONS should be given for the SQUAT assessment?

1. Warm up with light resistance that can be easily performed for 8-10 reps

2. 1 minute rest

3. Add 30 to 40 lbs (10-20% of initial load) and perform 3-5 reps

4. 2 minute rest

5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 until client fails

6. Use the one-rep maximum estimation chart in the appendix to calculate one-repetition max.

3

What is the BENCH PRESS Assessment designed to assess?

What is it used to determine?

The one-rep maximum overall, upper body strength of the pressing musculature.

Use to determine training intensities for the bench press.

4

What 3 short/tight muscles can cause the knees to bow outwards?

1. Piriformis

2. Biceps Femoris (lateral hamstring attaches from ichial tuberosity which is medial, to the outer knee which is lateral, causing ext. rot)

3. TFL (when not acting as stabilizers, can become synergistically dominant for glute med and pull the knee out)

5

What is the starting position for the SHARK SKILL TEST?

-Client stands on one leg

-With hands on hips

-In the center box of a 9 squared, square grid.

6

What does the Shark Skill Test assess for?

Agility and neuromuscular control of the lower extremity

7

What does the Davies Test assess for?

Measures agility and stabilization of the upper extremities

8

What does the push up test assess for?

Muscular endurance of the upper body especially pushing muscles.

9

Overhead squat test and Single leg squat assessment are good for testing what?

Lower extremity movement patterns

10

KNOCKED KNEES during the OVERHEAD SQUAT TEST is influenced by weakness in which 2 muscle groups?

Tightness in which muscle group?

Restriction in which joint?

WEAK
-Hip abductors
-Hip external rotators

TIGHT
-Hip adductors

RESTRICTION_-Ankle dorsi flexion

11

What 3 short/tight muscles can cause the knees to bow outwards?

1. Piriformis

2. Biceps Femoris (lateral ham attaches from ichial tuberosity which is medial to the outer knee which is lateral, causing ext rot.

3. TFL (when not acting as stabilizers, can become synergistically dominant for glute med and pull the knee out)

12

What is the starting position for the SHARK SKILL TEST?

-Client stands on one leg

-With hands on hips

-In the center of a box of 9 squared, square grid

13

What movements should be instructed for a SHARK SKILL TEST?

How many times?

How should the time be calculated?

1. Hop to each box in a designated pattern, always returning to the center box. (Be consistent with the pattern).

2. Have one practice run through for each foot.

3. Perform the test twice for each foot

4. Record time adding .1 second for each fault:

-Non hopping leg touches the ground

-Hands come off hips

-Foot goes in the wrong square

-Foot doesn't return to center square

14

What does the Shark Skill Test assess for?

Agility and neuromuscular control of the lower extremity

15

Which clients should not perform the shark skill test?

Clients who had difficulty with the single leg squat test.

16

What is the STARTING POSITION for the DAVIES TEST?

1. Place two pieces of tape 3 ft. apart on the floor

2. Have client assume the push-up position with one hand on each piece of tape.

17

What MOVEMENTS should be instructed for the DAVEIS TEST?

How long?

1, Quickly move one hand to touch the other alternating each side

2. Continue for 15 seconds. Repeat 3 times.

18

What is the starting position for the pushing and pulling assessment?

Stand in a split stance with toes pointing forward. Draw the abdomen inward

19

What is the starting position for the pushing and pulling assessment?

Stand in a split stance with toes pointing forward. Draw the abdomen inward

20

What movement instructions should be given for the pushing and pulling assessment?

How many repititions?

Press handles forward and return to starting position.

Pull handles toward the body and return to starting position.

20 reps

21

What 3 things should be looked for when the client performs the pushing or pulling assessment?

1. Does the low back arch?

2. Do the shoulders elevate?

3. Does the head migrate forward?

22

During the pushing or pulling assessment, which 2 muscles are probably OVERACTIVE and what muscle is probably UNDERACTIVE if the LOW BACK ARCHES?

OVERACTIVE:

1. Hip flexors

2. Erector spinae

UNDERACTIVE:

1. Intrinsic core stabilizers

23

During the pushing or pulling assessment, which 3 muscles are probably OVERACTIVE and what muscle is probably UNDERACTIVE if the SHOULDER ELEVATES?

OVERACTIVE:

1. Upper trapezius

2. SCM

3. Levator scapulae

UNDERACTIVE:

1. Mid/lower trapezius

24

During the pushing or pulling assessment, which 3 muscles are probably OVERACTIVE and what muscle is probably UNDERACTIVE if the HEAD MIGRATES FORWARD?

OVERACTIVE:

1. Upper trapezius

2. SCM

3. Levator scapulae

UNDERACTIVE:

1. Deep cervical flexors

25

In the Push-Up Test, what 3 compensation patterns should be checked for?

1. Arch in low back

2. Extended cervical spice

3. Not actually touching the chest to the floor

26

What does the push up test assess for?

Muscular endurance of the upper body especially pushing muscles.

27

What POSITION should the client start in during the single leg squat assessment?

Hands on hips

Eyes focusing on object straight ahead

Foot pointed straight ahead

28

What movement instructions should be given during the single leg squat assessment?

How many repetions on each side?

Squat to a comfortable level and return to the starting position.

5 repetitions on each side

29

What compensation pattern should be checked for during the single leg squat assessment?

Does the knee adduct and internally rotate?

(knee should track in line with the 2nd and 3rd toes)

30

When the knee moves inward during a single-leg squat assessment, which 4 muscles are probably OVERACTIVE?

1. Adductors

2. Biceps femoris (short head)

3. TFL

4. Vastus lateralis