Flashcards in NBCOT exam Deck (45)
Carpal tunnel syndrome
splints and interventions?
- wrist immobilizer used at night.
-ergonomic evaluation of work station and education in proper positioning.
-AROM /stretching program for computer-users or those performing repetitive tasks.
-nerve gliding and tendon gliding exercises
swan neck deformity
Joint deformity consisting of PIP hyperextension and DIP flexion commonly associated with rheumatoid arthritis and tendon trauma Intervention may include a tri-point ring orthosis to prevent PIP hyperextension
Joint deformity consisting of PIP flexion and DIP hyperextension, commonly associated with rheumatoid arthritis and PIP joint trauma intervention may include fabrication of orthosis to support the PIP in extension while allowing movement at the DIP
Inability to extend DIP joint due to rupture of the distal end of extensor tendon Intervention may include static orthosis to maintain DIP in extension
Shortness of breath due to impaired breathing in response to activity or at rest, may require:
modification to activity demands
instruction in breathing techniques
dyspnea control postures
client will need?
Difficulty in swallowing associated with:
neurological, developmental, or oral motor condition
sensory, motor, or behavioral dysfunction
Ranchos los amigos
Level I - No Response.
Patient does not respond to external stimuli and appears asleep.
____ (2) Level II - Generalized Response.
Patient reacts to external stimuli in nonspecific, inconsistent, and nonpurposeful manner with
stereotypic and limited responses.
____ (3) Level III - Localized Response.
Patient responds specifically and inconsistently with delays to stimuli, but may follow simple
commands for motor action.
____ (4) Level IV - Confused, Agitated Response.
Patient exhibits bizarre, nonpurposeful, incoherent or inappropriate behaviors, has no shortterm
recall, attention is short and nonselective.
____ (5) Level V - Confused, Inappropriate, Nonagitated Response.
Patient gives random, fragmented, and nonpurposeful responses to complex or unstructured
stimuli - Simple commands are followed consistently, memory and selective attention are
impaired, and new information is not retained.
____ (6) Level VI - Confused, Appropriate Response.
Patient gives context appropriate, goal-directed responses, dependent upon external input for
direction. There is carry-over for relearned, but not for new tasks, and recent memory
____ (7) Level VII - Automatic, Appropriate Response.
Patient behaves appropriately in familiar settings, performs daily routines automatically, and
shows carry-over for new learning at lower than normal rates. Patient initiates social
interactions, but judgment remains impaired.
____ (8) Level VIII - Purposeful, Appropriate Response.
Patient oriented and responds to the environment but abstract reasoning abilities are
decreased relative to premorbid levels.
Type of interstitial swelling in the extremities in which an indent appears after pressure is applied, typically graded from absent (0) to severe (3+)
Wheelchair length doorways and
average wheelchair width
a minimum of 32 inches ideal is 36 for doorways and 36 inches for hallways
wide heavy duty wheelchair designed for obese individuals
Tilt in Space wheelchair
indicated for pressure relief or for an individual with severe extensor spasms
same as quadriplegia partial or total loss of all four limbs
C1-C3 spinal cord injury
Head and neck control some head and neck sensation respirator dependent
Good head/ neck sensation & motor control
Max A in ADLs
Full head/ neck movement &sensation
Shoulder external Rotation
Shoulder abd. 90*Elbow flexion & supination
self-feeding with adaptive equipment limited self-care and dressing with adaptive equipment
Full shoulder movement
Tenodesis Self- feeding w/ equip. like universal cuff
Upper & lower dressing w/ adaptive equip
wrist extension finger flexion
Independent w/ self-feeding, dressing, & grooming w/ adaption
Independent bed mobility & transfers
Meal prep w/ adaption
Can drive w/ hand controls
Independent with self-care and most ADL requiring UE
reserve long muscles of the back
Standing is possible w/ asst. but not practical for ADLs.
Independent self- cath.
Good trunk control
Limited ambulation is possible w/ lower extremity orthotics & assistive devices.
Functional ambulation possible w/ orthotics & assistive devices
Wheel chair used for energy conservation.
Brown Sequard syndrome
ipsilateral paralysis and ipsilateral loss of position sense inpsilateral loss of discriminative touch and contralateral loss of pain and thermal sense.
motor function, pinprick, temperature sensation and pain are loss bilaterally proprioception and light touch are preserved
Cauda equina/ Conus Medullaris
Could result in lower extremity motor and sensory loss and areflexic bowel and bladder
resulting from hyper-extension injuries more UE deficits vs LE defecits
developmental grasp patterns
First ulnar, next palmar grasp, last is radial grasp
double vision individual will need an eye patch for performing ADL's
Dysphagia and swallowing intervention
Thin liquids are always contraindicated in dysphagia and development of swallow response
UE weakness headache and short attention span