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Flashcards in Nephrology Picture Diagnosis Deck (102)
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1

ATN (acute tubular necrosis)

2

hydronephrosis

3

pyelonephritis

- WBC cast

4

"Maltese cross" appearance of oval fat bodies seen in nephrotic syndrome

5

hydronephrosis

6

hydronephrosis

7

dysmorphic erythrocytes (“Mickey Mouse” ears appearance)

8

fundoscopic examination indicating hypertensive retinopathy

9

- white arrows = generalized arteriolar narrowing

- black arrows = compared with venule diameter

10

peaked T waves characteristic of hyperkalemia

11

hypocalcemia

12

erythrocyte cast indicative of glomerular disease

13

urenic frost

14

calcium oxalate DIhydrate crystals

- envelope-shaped

- associated with hyperoxaluria and calcium oxalate stone formation

15

leukocytes in setting of UTI

16

ADPKD

17

ADPKD

18

- hypokalemia

- initially, T waves decrease in amplitude

- ST segment flattens

- then U waves appear after the T waves

- the U waves ultimately replace the T waves completely

-this may give the impression of QT prolongation, but it is really a QU interval

19

tuberous sclerosis

20

angiokeratomas in Fabry disease

21

"storiform" pattern seen in IgG4-related disease

22

granular casts suggestive of acute tubular necrosis (ATN)

 

23

isomorphic RBCs

24

crenated RBCs

25

dysmorphic RBCs

26

budding yeast

27

lipid droplets

28

WBCs

29

renal tubular epithelial (RTE) cells

30

hyaline casts