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Flashcards in Neuro Drugs Deck (54):
1

Basic unit of the nervous system

Neuron

2

The brain and spinal cord that is considered the command center

Central nervous system

3

Connects the body parts to the central nervous system

Peripheral nervous system

4

Controls smooth (involuntary) muscles

Autonomic nervous system

5

"Rest and digest"

Parasympathetic nervous system

6

The _____ system sends signals to the ______ system to release hormones

Nervous, endocrine

7

"Fight or flight"

Sympathetic nervous system

8

Urethral, eye, arteries are ______ receptors

Alpha 1

9

Veins and GI tract are ______ receptors

Alpha 2

10

Heart is a ____ receptor

Beta 1

11

Lung and skeletal are ______ receptors

Beta 2

12

Two categories of parasympathetic drugs.

Cholinergenic, cholingergenic blockers

13

Two categories of sympathetic drugs

Adrenergics and adrenergic blockers

14

Cholinergics _______ achytalcholine

Stimulate

15

Bethanecol is a _______ drug used to treat GI and urinary atony

Cholinergic

16

Metaclopramide (reglan®) is a _______ drug used to control vomiting and aid in gastric vomiting

Cholinergic

17

Atropine and glycopylorrate are _________ drugs used as a preanesthetic to dry secretions

Anticholinergic

18

Epinephrine is an _______ drug used to time late heart beat

Adrenergic

19

Norepinephrine is a _________ drug used to raise blood pressure

Adrenergic

20

Dopamine is an ______ drug used to increase renal blood flow

Adrenergic

21

Acepromazine is a _____ alpha blocker used as a tranquilizer

Adrenergic

22

Yohimbine is an ______ alpha blocker

Adrenergic

23

Propranolol is an _______ beta blocker

Adrenergic

24

Examples of central nervous system drugs that affect the brain and spinal cord

Analgesics, tranquilizers, sedatives, seizure control, anesthetics

25

Tranquilizer drugs that produce sedation but not analgesia

Phenothiazine derivatives

26

Acepromazine is a _______ tranquilizer drug

Phenothiazine derivative

27

Tranquilizer drug that sedate, anti-anxiety, muscle relaxant, appetite stimulation

Benzodiazepine derivatives

28

Diazepam is a _______ tranquilizer

Benzodiazepine derivative

29

Cheap and easy to give drugs that treat seizures and produce analgesia. Euthanasia

Barbiturates

30

Phenobarbital is a ________

Barbiturate

31

Used for sedation, restraint, and analgesia

Disassociate

32

Ketamine is a ______drug

Dissociative

33

Tiletamine is a _______ drug

Dissociative

34

Drugs that affect the mu, kappa, delta and sigma receptors

Opioids-narcotics

35

Tranquilizer+ opioid

Neuroleptanalgesics

36

Halothane, isoflurane, sevoflurane, Used to inhale and produce anesthesia

Inhalants

37

Any drug given within one hour before inducing general anesthesia

Preanesthetic

38

Preanesthetics may or may not..

Aid in restraint, smooth induction and recovery, decrease parasympathetic response, decrease the amount of general anesthesia needed

39

Short acting hypnotic used to induce anesthesia

Proprofol

40

Muscle relaxant used for Iv anesthesia in horses

Guaifenesis

41

Used to stimulate respiration in newborns

Doxapram

42

Used for fear, aggression and phobias, diazepam is an....

Anti anxiety med

43

Clomicalm®, prozac® are.....

Antidepressants

44

Do not use in sight hounds

Barbiturates

45

This type of drug should not be used alone to sedate

Dissociatives

46

This opioid for large game will kill humans

Carfentanil

47

Opioid reversal drug.

Naloxone

48

Opioid reversal drug.

Narcan

49

Xylazine reversal drug.

Yohimbine

50

What is a neuroleptanalgesic?

Opioid and tranquilizer

51

What does an opioid do?

Pain control

52

What does a tranquilizer do?

Sedates

53

Inducing drug options.

Proprofol, Ketamine/Valium, Thiopental

54

Most common inhalant.

Isoflurane