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Pharmacology > Terms to Know > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terms to Know Deck (39):
0

Drug

Chemical used to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent a disease

1

Biological

Preparation from living organisms or their products

2

Pharmacodynamics

The study of the action of drugs on living systems

3

Chemotherapy

The treatment of disease with chemical agents

4

Toxicology

The study of poisons

5

AD

Right ear

6

OD

Right eye

7

AS

Left ear

8

OS

Left eye

9

AU

Both ears

10

OU

Both eyes

11

PO

Orally

12

NPO

Nothing by mouth

13

SID

Once a day

14

QD

Once daily

15

BID

Twice a day

16

TID

Three times a day

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QID

Four times a day

18

Ad lib

As much as desired (food and water)

19

Q( ) h

Every _____ hours

20

Indication

The reason we are using a specific drug

21

Contraindicated

Reason to NOT use a drug

22

Regimen

Plan for administering a drug- route, dose, frequency

23

Specific therapy

Treating the specific cause of the disease directly

24

Symptomatic therapy

Treats the symptoms but does not heal

25

Supportive therapy

Just keeps the patient going day to day

26

Dose

The amount of drug given to an animal

27

Efficacy

Whether a drug is going to work or not

28

Therapeutic index

Ratio of drugs ability to work and the lethal dose
LD50/ED50

29

Absorption

Movement of a drug from the site of administration to the symptoms

30

Distribution

The process of which s drug is carried from absorption to the site needed

31

Metabolism

The body's way of eliminating the drug from the body (the liver)

32

Excretion

Kidney eliminates a drug (urinate out)

33

Individual variation

Variation of sex, weight, sensitivities to drugs, temperaments, tolerance, idiopathic

34

Pharmacology

Study of drugs

35

Pharmotherapudics

A veterinary must choose a drug with a specific regimen

36

Pharmokinetics

The movement of drugs throughout the body

37

Adverse drug reactions

Anything undesirable

38

Drug residues

Traces of drugs remaining in animal products at the time of marketing