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Flashcards in Urinary Deck (36):
1

The functional unit of the kidney

Nephron

2

A cluster of capillaries responsible for glomerular filtration.

Glomerulus

3

Filters small, nonionized, non protein bound molecules through bowman's capsule to glomererclar filtrate in lumen of tubules

Glomerular filtration

4

Responsible for tea sorbitol and secretion of dissolved substances and water

Tubules

5

Where are substances needed by the body absorbed from?

From filtrates

6

Where do substances that are reabsorbed go?

Into the plasma through the capillaries

7

Where are extra substances excreted?

In urine

8

What does tubule secretion help maintain?

Blood pH and excreting drugs

9

Why do we do to drug doses in renal complication animals?

Lower due to lack of ability to excrete

10

What do diuretic urinary drugs do?

Increase urine volume produced by kidneys by increasing plume of water released by body tissue

11

Diuretic type that acts through renal tubules to block sodium reabsorption.

Thiazine diuretic

12

Diuretic type that block reabsorption of Cl, K, Ca, H, Mg at the loop of Henle.

Loop diuretics

13

Lasix® generic name and type of diuretic.

Furosemide- Loop diuretic

14

Diuretic that act on distal convoluted tubules

Potassium sparing diuretics

15

Six features of the urinary systems

Two kidneys, two ureters, one bladder, one urethra

16

This type of diuretic promotes water and sodium excretion through Na-K pump interference

Potassium sparing diuretics

17

Type of diuretic that was used to decrease intraoccular pressure with open angle glaucoma by blocking cation of the enzyme carbonic anhydrase.

Carbonic anhydrase diuretic

18

Diuretic type that increases concentration of renal tubule filtrate

Osmotic diuretics

19

Higher than normal blood pressure.

Hypertension

20

Promote Na and water loss which decrease pressure to help decrease hypertension.

Diuretics

21

Enalapril trade name.

Enacard®

22

Benazepril trade name.

Lotensin

23

Captopril trade name.

Capoten

24

Type of anti hypertension drug Blocks calcium influx to help smooth muscle contraction to reduce blood pressure.

Calcium channel blockers

25

Type of antihypertension drug that relaxes blood vessels and causes vasodilation.

Direct acting vasodilators

26

Type of antihypertension drug that slows heart rate.

Beta-1 blocker-adrenergic antagonists

27

Abnormal mineral masses in the urinary system composed of crystalline material.

Uroliths

28

What type of urolith is found in basic urine?

Struvite urolith

29

Two categories of urinary incontinence.

Neurological and non neurological

30

Examples of neurological disorders causing urinary incontinence.

Trauma, spinal cord trauma, degeneration of nerves

31

Non neurological disorders that cause urinary in continence.

Stress, hormone differences, bladder over distention

32

Hormone, alpha and beta adrenergic agonists and skeletal muscle relaxants are used for what type of urinary in continence.

Non neurological

33

First choice drug for hormone incontinence.

Proin

34

Anticholinergic agents, adrenergic agonists and Cholinergic agents are used for what type of urinary incontinence?

Neurological

35

Dantrium trade name.

Dantrolene®

36

Was removed from the market due to increased stroke in humans

Proin