Flashcards in Urinary Deck (36):
The functional unit of the kidney
A cluster of capillaries responsible for glomerular filtration.
Filters small, nonionized, non protein bound molecules through bowman's capsule to glomererclar filtrate in lumen of tubules
Responsible for tea sorbitol and secretion of dissolved substances and water
Where are substances needed by the body absorbed from?
Where do substances that are reabsorbed go?
Into the plasma through the capillaries
Where are extra substances excreted?
What does tubule secretion help maintain?
Blood pH and excreting drugs
Why do we do to drug doses in renal complication animals?
Lower due to lack of ability to excrete
What do diuretic urinary drugs do?
Increase urine volume produced by kidneys by increasing plume of water released by body tissue
Diuretic type that acts through renal tubules to block sodium reabsorption.
Diuretic type that block reabsorption of Cl, K, Ca, H, Mg at the loop of Henle.
Lasix® generic name and type of diuretic.
Furosemide- Loop diuretic
Diuretic that act on distal convoluted tubules
Potassium sparing diuretics
Six features of the urinary systems
Two kidneys, two ureters, one bladder, one urethra
This type of diuretic promotes water and sodium excretion through Na-K pump interference
Potassium sparing diuretics
Type of diuretic that was used to decrease intraoccular pressure with open angle glaucoma by blocking cation of the enzyme carbonic anhydrase.
Carbonic anhydrase diuretic
Diuretic type that increases concentration of renal tubule filtrate
Higher than normal blood pressure.
Promote Na and water loss which decrease pressure to help decrease hypertension.
Enalapril trade name.
Benazepril trade name.
Captopril trade name.
Type of anti hypertension drug Blocks calcium influx to help smooth muscle contraction to reduce blood pressure.
Calcium channel blockers
Type of antihypertension drug that relaxes blood vessels and causes vasodilation.
Direct acting vasodilators
Type of antihypertension drug that slows heart rate.
Beta-1 blocker-adrenergic antagonists
Abnormal mineral masses in the urinary system composed of crystalline material.
What type of urolith is found in basic urine?
Two categories of urinary incontinence.
Neurological and non neurological
Examples of neurological disorders causing urinary incontinence.
Trauma, spinal cord trauma, degeneration of nerves
Non neurological disorders that cause urinary in continence.
Stress, hormone differences, bladder over distention
Hormone, alpha and beta adrenergic agonists and skeletal muscle relaxants are used for what type of urinary in continence.
First choice drug for hormone incontinence.
Anticholinergic agents, adrenergic agonists and Cholinergic agents are used for what type of urinary incontinence?
Dantrium trade name.