Neuro - Everything Flashcards Preview

Adult Comps* > Neuro - Everything > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neuro - Everything Deck (16):
1

primary motor cortex

Brodmans 4
-sends neural messages to the muscles via pyramidal pathways
-modulated by extrapyramidal pathway

2

premotor cortex

-Brodmans 6
-initation and planning of skilled motor movements

3

Broca's Area

-Brodmans 44,45
-programs pattenred movements of vocal apparatus for phonemes and words

4

prefrontal cortex

Brodmans 9,10,46
-contributes to abstract thinking, problems solving, judgment (EFs)

5

frontal lobe areas

-primary motor cortex
-premotor cortex
-broca's
-prefrontal cortex

6

parietal lobe

primary soamtosensory cortex (postcentral gyrus)
-angular gyrus
-supramarginal gyrus

7

primary somatosensory cortex/ postcentral gyrus

Broddmans 3,1,2
-sensations analyzed, elaborated, connected with multiple stimuli from other parts of the brain

8

angular gyrus

Broddmans 39
-translating written words to internal monologue (readig), writing, and language functions

9

supramarginal gyrus

Broddmans 40
-same as angular, translates written words to internal monologue, writing, calculaton, right/left distinctions, and language functions like metaphors and abstraction

10

temporal lobe

primary auditory cortex
wernicke's area

11

primary auditory cortex

Broddmans 41,42
-processes sound information

12

wernicke's area

Broddmans 22
-developing ana;ysis of auditory stimuli to point of comprehension

13

Occitpital lobe

-primary visual cortex, Broddmans 17
-processes visual information

14

Limbic system

-cingulate gyrus, hippocampus, amygdala
-so it supports functions including emotion, behavior, long-term memory, olfaction

15

brainstem

-regulation of cardiac and respiratory functioning, consciousness, relaying info through cranial and spinal nerves

16

Zone of Language

-region of left hemisphere associated with language
-located within distribution of MCA (why L MCA most often causes aphasia)
-incorpotates parts of frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes