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Flashcards in Neuro Final Deck (43):
1

Tx: Streptococcus pneumoniae

Penicillin G

Vancomycin for resistant

2

Tx: Neisseria meningitidis

Penicillin G

Chloramphenicol

 

3

Tx: Listeria monocytogenes

Ampicillin + Gentamicin

4

Tx: Enterobacteriaceae

Ceftriaxone + Gentamycin

5

Empiric Tx: Preterm-1 mo

Ampicillin + Gentamicin

6

Empiric Tx: 1 mo-50 yr

Cefotaxime

or

Ceftriaxone + Vancomycin + Dexamethasone

7

Empiric Tx: >50, ETOH, immunosuppressed

Cefotaxime

or

Ceftriaxone + Vancomycin + Dexamethasone + Ampicillin

8

Herniation of subarachnoid and brain tissue

Meningoencephalocele

9

Herniation of subarachnoid, brain tissue, and ventricular fluid

meningohydroencephalocele

10

Interstitial pneumonia

Varicella Zoster Virus

11

Imaging used to evaluate dural sinus for cerebral venous thrombosis

Magnetic resonance venography (MRV) and CTV

12

Pseudotumor cerebri

potential vision loss

13

Tx: Taeniasis

Niclosamine

14

Tx: Neurocysticercosis

Praziquantel

or

Albendazole

15

Duration w/ continuous infusion

Induction

Contraindicated in porphyria

Thiopental

16

Anti-emetic action

Metabolic acidosis, hyperlipidemia, rhabdo, liver enlargement

Propofol

17

Induction in pts with cardiovascular diseases

Etomidate

18

Induciton in pts at risk for hypotension and bronchospasm

Profound analgesia

Increased intracranial pressure

Ketamine

19

2 Inhaled anethetics w/ risk of renal toxicity

Enflurane

Sevoflurane

20

2 inhalational anesthetics w/ pungent smell

Not for induction

Isoflurane

Desflurane

21

Induction in children

Sweet smell

Sevoflurane

22

Risks/contraindications of N2O

Diffusional hypoxia

Air filled cavities

Vit B12 deficiency

23

Inhalational anesthetics (LIST)

Halothane

Isoflurane

Enflurane

Sevoflurane

Desflurane

N20

24

IV anesthetics (LIST)

Thiopental

Propofol

Etomidate

Ketamine

25

blocking ______ delays labor

COX II

26

Blocks phospholipase A2

Corticosteroids

27

Inhibits COX 1 more than COX2

Aspirin

28

Used as prophylaxis for heart attack or stroke

Aspirin

29

Tx for delayed closure of ductus arteriosus

Tx for preterm labor

indomethacin

30

Increases risk of CV events

Celecoxib

31

Inhibits COX 1 and COX 2 in the CNS

acetaminophen

32

Mechanism of opioids

Close Ca

Open K

33

Tx for cough

Dextromethorphan

34

Anti-diarrheal

Loperamide

35

Contraindication to all opioid use

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors

36

Opioid tolerance does not develop to what 2 effects

Miosis

Constipation

37

Opioid antagonist

Naloxone

38

Bacterial and tb/mycoses CSF analysis both have <45 glucose and similar WBC

 

What sets them apart?

Bacterial PMN is >60

TB/mycoses PMN is <50

39

Normal CSF analysis

Opening pressure = 

WBC = 

%PMN = 

Glucose = 

Protein =

60-180

0-5 WBC

0 PMN

>60 Glu

<30 protein

40

Histology stains of cryptococcus

GMS

Mucin Stain

41

Tx for Naegleria fowleri

(Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis)

Miltefosine

42

Tx for disseminated or CNS toxoplasmosis

Pyrimethamine-sulfadiazine

43

Damage to which vessels off of the middle cerebral a. cause neurological deficits disproportionate to their size

Lenticulostriate vessels

- supply deep structures of diencephalon and telencephalon