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Flashcards in Neuro Practical Deck (58):
1

Ridge directly anterior to central sulcus

Motor Cortex (Precentral gyrus)

2

Ridge directly posterior to central sulcus

Somatosensory Cortex (Postcentral gyrus)

3

Groove separating the frontal and parietal lobes

Central sulcus

4

Groove separating frontal and parietal lobes from the temporal lobe

Sylvian Fissure (Lateral Sulcus)

5

Located adjacent to the motor cortex in the left frontal lobe

Broca's Area

6

Located in the posterior portion of the left temporal lobe

Wernicke's Area

7

Arachnoid mater + pia mater = ?

Leptomeninges

8

Extension of dura mater that separates the cerebral hemispheres

Falx Cerebri

9

Extension of dura mater that separates the cerebellum from the occipital lobes

Tortorium Cerebelli

10

Off of what artery does the Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery branch from?

Vertebral Artery

11

Off of what artery does the Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery branch from?

Basilar Artery

12

Off of what artery does the Superior Cerebellar Artery branch from?

Basilar Artery

13

Off of what artery does the Posterior Cerebral Artery branch from?

Basilar Artery

14

Off of what artery does the Anterior Cerebral Artery branch from?

Internal Carotid Artery

15

Off of what artery does the Middle Cerebral Artery branch from?

Internal Carotid Artery

16

Circulatory anastomosis that supplies blood to brain and surrounding structures

Circle of Willis

17

Off of what artery does the Vertebral Artery branch from?

Subclavian Artery

18

What does the basilar artery recline upon?

Clivus

19

What structure divides the cribiform platte?

Crista galli

20

Where does the Posterior Communicating Artery run from?

From the Middle Cerebral Artery to the Posterior Cerebral Artery

21

What is the pituitary stalk called?

Infundibulum

22

Tapered, lower end of the spinal cord

Conus medullaris

23

Delicate strand of fibrous tissue proceeding inferiorly from the conus medullaris

Filum terminale

24

Where does the conus medullaris occur?

L1-L2

25

The filum terminale is a modification of ________ ___________

Pia mater

26

A brain contusion that is football-shaped

Epidural Hematoma

27

An epidural hematoma involves shearing of the ______________

Middle Meningeal Artery

28

A brain contusion that is crescent-shaped

Subdural Hematoma

29

A subdural hematoma involves shearing of the ______________

Bridging Veins

30

Which arteries are involved in the compression of the Oculomotor Nerve?

Posterior Cerebral Artery
Superior Cerebellar Artery

31

Failure of neural tube closure; limited to the region of the posterior

Myelomeningocele (biggest problem)

32

What tissues are contained in a meningocele?

CNS, CSF (spinal cord and meninges), skin

33

What is the underlying congenital bony defect in a meningocele?

Spina bifida

34

What vertebrae is usually involved in a myelomeningocele?

L5/S1

35

What structure in the cerebrum is essential in memory function?

Hippocampus

36

One of the largest nuclei in the brain. Is depigmented in some neurodegenerative disorders?

Substantia Nigra

37

Where are the substantia nigra located?

Midbrain

38

The corticospinal tract is consolidated in the midbrain within what structures?

Peduncles

39

The corticospinal tract is consolidated in the medulla within what structures?

Pyramids

40

What lies directly under the falx cerebri?

Corpus callosum

41

Which cranial nerve exits posteriorly from the brainstem?

The trochlear nerve

42

Is the cauda equina composed of CNS or PNS?

PNS

43

Where can the choroid plexus be located?

In the lateral and third ventricles

44

What makes the walls of the third ventricle?

Thalamus

45

What lies on top of the medulla

The vertebral arteries

46

What is the thin membrane that separates the left and right lateral ventricles?

Septum pellucidum

47

What does the Anterior Cerebral Artery supply?

Midline portions of the frontal lobe and some of the superior portion of the parietal lobe

48

What does the Middle Cerebral Artery supply?

Portion of the frontal lobe, and the lateral portion of the parietal and temporal lobes

49

What does the Posterior Cerebral Artery supply?

Occipital lobe, inferior part of the temporal lobe, thalamus, etc.

50

Soft spots in an infant where the skull has not been fused

Fontanels

51

What's the name of the occipital suture?

Lambdoid suture

52

Region where the frontal, parietal, temporal, and sphenoid join together. Located on side of skull

Pterion

53

Groove in the skull that runs the same tract as the falx cerebri

Superior Sagittal Sinus

54

Groove that that runs in an "S" shape along the back of the skull, enters the jugular foramen and becomes the IJ

Sigmoid Sinus

55

Which artery creates grooves on the interior of the skull? Located below the pterion

Middle Meningeal Artery

56

Flow of CSF through the ventricles:

Lateral ventricles --> interventricular foramen --> third ventricle --> cerebral aqueduct --> fourth ventricle

57

Gray matter in the cerebrum; next to the internal capsule

Basal ganglia

58

Elongated ridges on the floor of each lateral ventricle

Hippocampus