Neuro quiz 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Neuro quiz 2 Deck (45)
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1

Modifiable risk factors for stroke

HBP (hypertension) Atrial fibrillation (heart disease) Diabetes Atherosclerosis Blood cholesterol levels High alcohol consumption Head/Neck injuries Infections Cigarette smoking Stroke belt in USA

2

Non-modifiable risk factors for stroke

Age (every decade after 55, risk doubles) Gender (males more likely) Race/ethnicity Family history/genetic tendency Previous CVA/TIA

3

TIA

"mini stroke" or "brain attack" Temporary occlusion stopping blood flow No permanent injury to brain Causes: blood clot in a brain artery or traveling clot, injury to blood vessels, narrowing of blood vessel in brain Risk factors: HBP, atrial fib, diabetes, family hx, high cholesterol, age (over 55), race

4

Ischemic stroke

Occlusive Narrowing arteries

5

Hemorrhagic stroke

Bleed Leaks out of a vessel and damages/kills brain tissue

6

Etiology: Broca's aphasia (connectionist model)

Occlusion of ANTERIOR branch of MCA (middle cerebral artery)

7

Etiology: Wernickes aphasia (connectionist model)

Occlusion of POSTERIOR branch of MCA (middle cerebral artery)

8

Etiology: Global aphasia (connectionist model)

Occlusion of main trunk of MCA (middle cerebral artery) Damage in central region of the language dominant hemisphere (left side)

9

Nonfluent/telegraphic Distort consonants Misarticulated words Labored repetition Fair to good comprehension

Broca's

10

Fluent Verbal (semantic) prophase Poor word retrieval Poor comprehension

Wernicke's

11

Nonfluent Literal, verbal paraphasia Poor word retrieval Poor repetition Poor comprehension

Global

12

nipaut (dubeid) for hat

neologism

13

sweater for jacket

semantic paraphasia

14

babana for banana

phonemic

15

ima una dopido paluh noomi for .......?

jargon

16

hand for foot

semantic

17

yellow stick for pencil

literal interpretation

18

"little bit, little bit" for almost everything

perseverative stereotypy

19

fork for knife

semantic

20

hot hog for hot dog

phonemic

21

we went there, to buy you know, but then that one person, he went that way and it was too far so we had to you know,

circumlocution

22

heather and heather, no, heather, and the dog, um, went around, then uh, and park

agrammatic/telegraphic

23

i went there that one day but that was only there so he never came.

empty speech

24

"duck" for truck

phonemic

25

ask client to inhale different flavours/smells

CN I: olfactory

26

ask client to ID colors; count how many fingers holding up; obtain reading sample

CN II: optic

27

bring light from periphery to center of eye

CN III: occulomotor

28

follow finger as moves down/toward nose

CN IV: trochlear

29

check sensation in forehead, cheek, jaw

CN V: trigeminal

30

ask client to look at each of your ears one at a time

CN VI: abducens