Neurologic Rehabilitation PNF (Exam 3) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Neurologic Rehabilitation PNF (Exam 3) Deck (27):
1

Use therapeutic exercises and neuromuscular facilitation techniques to decrease sensorimotor deficits and promote motor recovery and increase function.

Remediation/Facilitation

2

Patient learns to control tone or movement through the use of patterns that promote normal selective movements during functional activities.

Neurodevelopment Treatment (NDT)

3

Patient learns movement control through structured activities that promote function; utilize reinforcement and repetitions.

Movement Therapy in Hemiplegia (Brunnstrom)

4

Select patterns to reinforce and develop selective patterns of control while avoiding synergy patterns.

Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF)

5

Promoting or hastening the response of the neuromuscular system through stimulation of proprioceptors.

PNF Techniques

6

Contraction of an agonist immediately followed by the contraction of the antagonist resulting in increased agonist activity which provides for stability of joint. (Alternating Isometrics)

Successive Induction

7

A agonist muscle will relax when the opposite antagonist muscle is contracted. (Inhibition)

Reciprocal Innervation

8

Under stress, muscle activity spread to other body parts, which supports movement and activity.

Process of Irradiation

9

Diagonals are more ______ patterns than traditional movement in anatomic planes.

Functional

10

Hand placement in line with direction of movement to facilitate muscles to be used.

Hand Contacts

11

Simple, concise, unidirectional commands used to reinforce the intended movement.

Verbal Commands

12

Max resist that can be applied and still allow full ROM.

Max Resistance

13

Separation of joint surfaces, seems to promote mobility.

Traction

14

Compression of joint surfaces promotes stability, especially if more than BW.

Approximation

15

Place body part in lengthened range of motion, manually stretch further into that range.

Quick Stretch

16

Promoting Mobility

Rhythmical Rotation, Rhythmical Initiation, Hold Relax Active Movement, Hold Relax, Contract Relax.

17

Promoting Stability

Alternating Isometrics, Rhythmic Stabilization

18

Promoting Controlled Mobility

Slow Reversal Hold, Agonistic Reversal

19

Promoting Skilled Mobility

Slow Reversal, Resistance Progression

20

Indications for PNF

Increase ROM.
Acute and Chronic Pain.
Muscle Tightness.
Increase Flexibility.
Increase Strength.

21

Contraindications for PNF

Acute Post-Op.
Instability of Joints.
Decreased Mentation.

22

More basic life skill.

LE D1

23

More advanced life skill.

LE D2

24

Slow Reversal MMT Grade?

3+

25

More often assoicated with self-care.

UE D1

26

More often associated with reaching out to others.

UE D2

27

Motor developmental in ______ direction.

Cephalocaudal