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Flashcards in Parkinson's (Exam 5) Deck (25):
1

Progressive disorder, affecting the motor system.

Parkinson's Disease

2

Four Primary Symptoms of PD.

Bradykinesia, Tremors, Rigidity, Postural Instability.

3

Symptoms in PD caused by _____.

Decrease in dopamine.

4

Neurotransmitter stored in the substania nigra (located in Basal Ganglia).

Dopamine

5

Regulation of posture and movements.

Basal Ganglia

6

Most common type of PD.

Primary Parkinsonism (Idiopathic)

7

Cause of primary parkinsonism (Idiopathic).

No cause

8

Caused by encephalitis, alcoholism, exposure to toxins, TBIs, vascular insults, psycotropic meds.

Secondary Parkinsonism

9

For mood and behavior can produce parkinson-like symptoms.

Long term medication use.

10

Mulitsystem atrophy, progressive supra nuclear palsy, and Shy-Drager Syndrome.

Parkinson Plus

11

Most common movement disorder.

PD

12

Most prevalent degerative CNS disorder.

PD

13

Poor speech, impair swallowing, micrographia, akinesia, fixed-forward posture.

Results of PD

14

Inability to initiate movement.

Akinesia

15

Usually the 1st sign, "pill-rolling".

Tremors

16

Constant resistance type of rigidity.

Lead-pipe

17

Jerky, ratchet like type of rigidity.

Cogwheel

18

Short steps, increase in speed.

Festination

19

Person becomes stuck in posture.

Freezing

20

Loss of reciprocal arm swing due to _____.

Bradykinesia and rigidity.

21

Medication for PD. Can cross BBB(Blood Brain Barrier), decreases ridigity, makes movements easier.

L-Dopa

22

Goals of PT for Parkinson's.

Maximize function, posture, locomotion, activity leve, address deconditioning and loss of extension and rotation.

23

Heel strike, toe off, and reciprocal arm swing lost. Slow, with a narrow base with festination (shuffling). Decreased foot clearance.

Gait Pattern of PD.

24

___ are a very common problem with PD.

Falls

25

Single point cane used in what stage of PD?

Early stages.