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Med. Term. > Neurology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neurology Deck (43)
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1
Q

Brain

A

Housed within the bony cranium

2
Q

Craniotomy

A

A surgical incision into the cranium to expose the brain tissue

3
Q

The brain in located with the cranium and

A

is protected and covered by the meninges

4
Q

Cerebrum

A

Largest Part of the Brain

5
Q

Mening/o

A

meninges

6
Q

myel/o

A

spinal cord

7
Q

spin/o

A

spine; backbone

8
Q

Amnesia

A

partial or total loss of memory of recent or remote past experience, forgetfulness

9
Q

Expressive aphasia

A

inability to verbally express

10
Q

Receptive aphasia

A

inability to understand the spoken or written word. Failure to communicate! Make up words

11
Q

Cerebral palsy (CP)

A

caused by a lack of oxygen to parts of the baby’s brain during birth or at time of delivery

12
Q

CVA

A

Cerebrovascular accident

13
Q

TIA

A

Lasts only 24 Hrs. Temporary lack of oxygenated blood to brain tissue

14
Q

Hemiplegia

A

A condition where there is paralysis on one side of the patient’s body

15
Q

Hemiparesis

A

one half of the body is weakened but NOT paralyzed

16
Q

Coma

A

deep state of unconsciousness & unresponsiveness

17
Q

Glasgow Scale

A

measure depth of a coma
Eye opening response
Verbal response
Motor response

18
Q

Epilepsy

A

Brief disruption! Recurring unprovoked condition in which a group of neurons in the brain seizures

19
Q

seizures

A

is termed epilepsy, but some seizures may occur in people who do not have epilepsy

20
Q

ict/o

A

seizure

21
Q

convuls/o

A

seizure

22
Q

epilept/o

A

seizure

23
Q

Grand mal- Tonic

A

Stiffening/rigid movement

24
Q

Clonic

A

Jerky/rapid contractions

complex partial and focal motor

25
Q

Meningitis

A

inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain & spinal cord

26
Q

Migraine

A

sensitivity to light or sound= **photophobia

27
Q

Narcolepsy

A

brief, involuntary episodes of falling asleep. Usually occurs during daytime. Not conscious, can be aroused

28
Q

syncope

A

a brief/ temporary loss of consciousness

29
Q

syncopal episode

A

lightheaded-*faints

brief lack of consciousness

30
Q

vasovagal syncope

A

does not cause seizures

31
Q

Bell’s Palsy

A

weakness, drooping or actual paralysis of one side of the face because of infection

32
Q

ALS

A

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

33
Q

Lou Gehrig’s disease

A

Muscle wasting spasms. No known cause

34
Q

Multiple Sclerosis

A

chronic. progressive, degenerative autoimmune disease

35
Q

TENS Unit

A

a device (box) that is used to control chronic pain

36
Q

Neurofibromatosis

A

von Recklinghausen’s disease

37
Q

CSF

A

Cerebrospinal fluid

38
Q

EEG

A

electroencephalography

39
Q

Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)

A

numerical scale that measures the depth of a coma. Scale 1-15 eye opening, motor & verbal. response following a painful stimulus

40
Q

LP

A

Lumbar puncture

41
Q

Romberg Test

A

test balance- stand w/ feet together & eyes closed

42
Q

Laminectomy

A

surgical procedure to treat a herniated disk

43
Q

Carotid Endarterectomy

A

surgical procedure to remove plague from the inner lining of the carotid artery. Aids in restoring blood