neuropsych final exam tests 1 and 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in neuropsych final exam tests 1 and 2 Deck (137):
1

visual processing occurs in the what lobe

occipital

2

anatomical feature of primary visual cortex

calcarine sulcus

3

in the superior temporal sulcus, neurons are active in the what

STS

4

visual cortex has no regions for what

emotion

5

ventral stream does

visual object recognition

6

facial features follow visual attention to

L visual field

7

milner and goodale posterior parietal research

activation when monkey reaches for stimulus

8

STS has

polysensory

9

blindness to the entire visual field

homonymous hemianopia

10

unilateral destucion of L occipital lobe is

Rvisual field hemianopia

11

most of the primary visual cortex is represented in the

fovea

12

bitemporal hemianopia

loss of vision from bth temporal fields, lesion to optic chiasm, peripheral vision on both sides lost

13

nasal hemianopia

loss of vision to 1 nasal field, lesion of lateral chiasm

14

homonymous hemianopia

blindness of entire visual field, results from complete cut of optic tract, LGN or V1, cut at bottom

15

macular sparing

sparing of central or macular region of visual field, lesion to occipital lobe

16

no conscious awareness of touch, but can accurately report it

blindsight

17

unable to use visual info to guide movement

optic ataxia

18

apperceptive agnosia

inability to perceive structure of objects, widespread bilateral occipital lobe

19

prosopagnosia

cant recognize faces

20

blind spot

scotoma

21

simultagnosia

inability to see multiple objects at the same time

22

anosognosia

lack of awareness

23

acalculia

inability to do calculations

24

astereogenosis

inability to recognize an object by touch

25

autopagnosia

no knowledge of issues, no awareness of body

26

agraphia

cant write

27

dysphasia

inability to speak, comprehend

28

afferent paresis

clumsy finger movements

29

apraxia

nothing is wrong but you lose movement---ideomotor, constructional

30

associative agnosia

describe, not name

31

image generation occurs in

L hemisphere

32

parietal lobe ventrally marked by

sylvian fissure

33

supramarginal/angular gyrus demarks

inferior parietal

34

parietal cortex and prefrontal cortex function

spatially guided behavior

35

posterior parietal damage causes inability to

reach toward visual target

36

sensory feedback actual outcome intended movement is

efference

37

medial parietal region function

spatial navigation

38

mental transformations

organize gray matter in anterior parietal

39

math, mentally rotating and manipulating objects

mental space in posterior parietal

40

posterior to central sulcus function

processing somatosensory info

41

pari stroke-reports R touch when L touch

allesthesia

42

1 object at a time, misreach--disease

Ballint's

43

R parietal lesions-what neglect

unilateral neglect

44

hemispatial neglect causes

impaired attention to personal space

45

cant identify fingers/do math

Gerstmann

46

posterior parietal does what

L and R distinguishing

47

Posner, parietal lobes to attention

shift attention

48

R pari

R/L distinguishing

49

line bisection task

contralateral task

50

auditory association cortex

insula

51

anterior commissure connects R&L

medial temp

52

neurons in the middle temporal gyrus

corpus callosum

53

hippocampus input

perforant pathway

54

temporal lobes

control visual tracking

55

projection from temporal lobe to frontal lobe

short term memory and affect

56

medial temporal does what

long term memory formation

57

temporal and effective occurs in

amygdala

58

temp cross modal matching

vocal characteristic and face

59

intentions from movement

theory of mind

60

movie brain scans

stereotypical manner

61

temporal cortex, tanka

category formation

62

thatcher

upright eyes and mouth

63

individual speech sounds

formants

64

fundamental frequencies and harmonies

spectral pitch

65

more gray matter in heschels in musicians

not nonmusicians

66

prosody, anterograde

not in temp personality

67

prefrontal connections

from dorsomedial nucleus thalamus

68

prefrontal

distracted by external cues, orbitofrontal (anterior temp lobes), plot chess

69

executive function

appropriate behavioral strategies from cues

70

up right front than L all but 1

verbal fluency

71

frontal

olfaction
orbital-amyg and hypothalamus

72

programming sequences

premotor

73

frontal injury/copying

face movements

74

corollary discharge

reafference, internal neural signal that movement will occur

75

L supp speech and medial frontal

speak spontaneously

76

less novel designs

R frontal

77

decision making tasks high in ambiguity

orbiofrontal and amyg

78

poor temp memory

dorsolateral prefrontal

79

dopamine

schizophrenia

80

corpus callosum

connection, commissures

81

ridges

gyri

82

brain and spinal cord

CNS

83

materialism

workings physical nervous system and body alone

84

early localization

human language disorders
speech-L frontal

85

speech comprehension

temporal

86

unitary perception from multiple streams

binding problem

87

psychometrics

development intelligence tests

88

blood supply interruptions

stroke

89

rostral to caudal in CNS

brain to spinal cord

90

ipsilateral

same side

91

contralateral

opposite side

92

afferent

arriving

93

efferent

exiting

94

top

dorsal

95

bottom

ventral

96

front

anterior

97

back

posterior

98

parasympathetic and sympathetic

autonomic

99

dura mater, arachnoid mater, pia mater,

outside to inside

100

CSF role

cushion brain

101

originates from stem cell

lj ;lkj

102

glia cells

supporting nervous system cells

103

spinal cord segments

30

104

damage to dorsal fibers in SC

sensation

105

dorsal sensory, ventral motor

bell magendia

106

thalamus

sensory relay

107

lateraltiy function

genetics, gender, handedness

108

functional differences >> cortical sites

than sides

109

L had greater

planum temporal

110

anatomical asymmetric

language areas

111

L asymmetry

gentler sylvian fissure slope

112

R asymmetry

less gray matter, farther anteriorly, larger heschls

113

localization experiment

double dissociation

114

IQ test, nonverball recall, copying

R temp

115

cut corpus callosum for

epilepsy, commissurotomy, key in L hand recognize shapes not verbal

116

chimeric stimuli

face to left visual field only

117

R carotid artery

contralateral arm exhibit flaccid paralysis

118

visual images presented individually

tachistoscope

119

meoldies in dichotic listnening

l ear advantage

120

multiple simulataneous stimulia

increased blood flow in R hemi

121

rapidly presented stimuli

specialize in L hemi

122

lateralization interpreted with care

affect by cognitive strategies

123

dictionary word storage

lexicon

124

phonemes sounding

phonological

125

kids, developmental dyslexia

none

126

tallal, 1 or 2 tones

10 and 40 msec

127

ACID profile

dyslexia

128

austism

social withdrawl

129

savant

cognitive skills isolated

130

hyperlexia

precocious reading

131

ritalin

hyperactivity

132

cerebral palsy cause

birth developmental injury

133

CSF made by

choroid plexus

134

impaitments autistic motor skills

cerebellum

135

aspergers

less sever autism

136

fragile X syndrom

femmales less symptoms than males, 2 X chromosomes

137

geschwind galaburda

asymmetric develop in males, fetal testosterone