Neuroradiology/Head And Neck Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Neuroradiology/Head And Neck Deck (62)
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1

MC primary ADULT brain tumor

"MAO"

MENINGIOMA

"MAO": 1. Meningioma, 2. Astrocytoma, 3. Oligo

2

MC MALIGNANT ADULT Brain Tumor

GLIOBLASTOMA MULTIFORME (GBM)

3

Six Facial Nerve Branches?

"I love Going To Manila Philippines"
"Go To Manila normally enhance"

Intracanalicular
Labyrinthe
Geniculate - normally enhance
Tympanic - normally enhance
Mastoid - normally enhance
Parotid

4

Foramen Rotundum and Foramen Ovale nerve contents

"RotaMax and Ovaman"

Foramen Rotundum
- Maxillary branch of the trigeminal nerve

Foramen Ovale
- Mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve

5

San level nagpipierce ang stensen's duct sa buccinator?

Upper (maxillary) 2nd molar

6

Not a COLLISION TUMOR?

GLIOSARCOMA

7

Origin of Ependymoma and Medulloblastoma?

"FERM"

Ependymoma sa FLOOR galing

Medulloblastoma sa ROOF galing

8

Bukol na may tiger stripe pattern?

LDD

9

Disease na may eye of the tiger sign?

PKAN and Organophosphate poisoning

10

Mass na pwede sabay sella/suprasella at pineal gland?

Germinoma

11

MC overall cancer of infants

NEUROBLASTOMA

12

Lesion na may hair on end spicules ng periosteal bone?

NEUROBLASTOMA (neuro is head so related sa hair)

Pwede din sa Ewing's

13

Neck cyst na related sa mga WIND BLOWING instrument user?

LARYNGOCOELE

14

Neck cyst na may tail sign?

Diving ranula

- Ang ranula sa sublingual space lang (bulk)
- pag diving , nag dive siya sa submandibular at minsan sa
parapharyngeal space

*SIMPLE RANULA
- anterior and above the mylohyoid

*DIVING RANULA
- posterior to the mylohyoid

15

Chromosome affected in VHL?

3 letters ang VHL
- Kaya CHROMOSOME 3

16

Location ng 1st branchial cleft cyst?

Periparotid

17

LI,M.D. - Hernia specialist

Lateral to the inferior epigastric vein: INDIRECT HERNIA

Medial to the inferior epigastric vein: DIRECT HERNIA

18

Most important nerve sa carotid space ?

Vagus nerve (Cranial Nerve 10)

19

MC, 2nd MC and 3rd MC cause of proptosis?

1. Pseudotumor
2. Cavernous Hemangioma
3. Orbital Lymphoma

20

Leukemia masses are called?

Chloromas

21

Big Five (Pituitary Brain tumors)

"MaMe AsAn Ca"
(mommy asan ka?)

Macroadenoma,
Meningioma,
Aneurysm,
Astrocytoma,
Craniopharyngioma

22

MC complication of chronic sinusitis?

Polyps

23

Difference of Craniopharyngioma and Rathke Cleft Cyst?

Calcification

24

MC nonglial tumor in children?

Craniopharyngioma

25

Largest and most developed sinus group at birth

"ME First"

Maxillary sinus

26

MC primary intraocular malignancy in adult?

Uveal Melanoma

27

Direction of myelination ng brain?

"My Bestfriend IS a 20y/o CutiePie"

Myelination
Back to Front
Inferior to Superior
20 weeks myelination
Central to Peripheral

28

DureT Hemorrhage (type of brain herniation)

Descending Transtentorial Herniation

29

MEN Type 1: "PPP"

MEN Type 2a (Sipple Syndrome): "PPM"

MEN Type2b (Mucosal Neuroma Syndrome): "PMM"

I: "PPP"
- Pituitary, Parathyroid, Pancreas

2a: "PPM"
- Parathyroid hyperplasia
- Pheochromocytoma (50%)
- Medullary carcinoma of thyroid (almost 100%)

2b: "PMM"
- Pheochromocytoma
- Medullary carcinoma of thyroid
- Mucosal neuroma = oral + intestinal neurogangliomatosis; pathognomonic (Marfanoid facies)

30

Swiss cheese sign (neuro)

Central Neurocytoma