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Flashcards in Pediatric Imaging Deck (95)
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1

MC abdominal mass in neonates?

HYDRONEPHROSIS

2

MC Congenital lung abnormality

CPAM

3

MC cause of Congenital Hydrothorax

CHYLOTHORAX

4

MC cause of Croup (LTB)

PARAINFLUENZA and INFLUENZA

5

MC age group of patients with Croup (LTB)

6 months to 2 years

6

MC cause of Neonatal Cholestasis

BILIARY ATRESIA

7

Primary indication for pediatric liver transplantation

BILIARY ATRESIA

8

2 key ultrasound findings of BILIARY ATRESIA

1. Small or absent GB (< 15 mm)
2. Triangular Cord Sign

9

Most frequent congenital hepatobiliary anomaly

CHOLEDOCHAL CYST

10

MC Type of Choledochal Cyst

Type 1

11

MC Complication of Choledochal cyst

ASCENDING CHOLANGITIS

12

Cranial suture affected in TRIGONOCEPHALY

METOPIC SUTURE

13

Cloverleaf Skull

KLEEBATSCHADEL

14

Harlequin craniosynostosis

UNICORONAL

15

CPAM type associated with possible role of malignancy

TYPE 1

16

Scimitar vein

PULMONARY HYPOPLASIA

17

Typical location of Bronchopulmonary Sequestration

LEFT POSTEROINFERIOR THORAX

18

STEEPLE SIGN

CROUP (LTB)

19

THUMB SIGN

EPIGLOTTITIS

20

Normal Variant which mimics epiglottic thickening

OMEGA EPIGLOTTIS

21

SHAGGY HEART

PERTUSSIS BRONCHOPNEUMONIA

22

GHON COMPLEX

Peripheral consolidation + enlarged lymph node

23

Water lily sign
- cavitary lesion with irregular air-fluid level

HYDATID DISEASE

24

Central dot sign (Todani Type)

TODANI TYPE V

25

MC in otherwise healthy children

VIRAL HEPATITIS

26

US Finding of STARRY-SKY PATTERN

VIRAL HEPATITIS

27

MC Chronic liver disease

HEPATIC STEATOSIS

28

MC surgical entity affecting infants during the 1st 6
months of life

HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS

29

Gold standard or Modality of choice for
Hypertrophic Pyloric stenosis diagnosis

ULTRASOUND

30

2 US diagnostic criteria for
HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS

"HPS PIE (3.15)"

1. Muscle thickness of 3 mm or greater
2. Length >15mm (>1.5cm)

31

Nipple sign

HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS

32

MC abnormality mimicking HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS

PYLOROSPASM

33

DOUBLE BUBBLE SIGN

DUODENAL ATRESIA/STENOSIS

- failure of recanalization of the lumen

34

MC cause of small bowel obstruction in children

INTUSSUSCEPTION

35

MC and 2nd MC cause of GI obstruction (in pediatric patients)

"HP at INTel"



MC and 2nd MC cause of GI obstruction (in pediatric patients)

MC: HYPERTOPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS
2nd MC: INTUSSUSCEPTION

36

Classic type of INTUSSUSCEPTION

ILEOCOLIC

37

MC etiology of INTUSSUSCEPTION

IDIOPATHIC

38

DONUT OR TARGET SIGN

INTUSSUSCEPTION

39

MC Intussusception lead point in INFANTS

MECKEL DIVERTICULUM

40

MC Intussusception lead point in CHILDREN

BURKITT LYMPHOMA

41

TRUE OR FALSE.
Air reduction is more preferred in INTUSSUSCEPTION rather than hydrostatic reduction.

TRUE

42

Rectosigmoid ratio for HIRSCHSPRUNG's DISEASE

< 0.9

43

DANCE's SIGN

MALROTATION

*DANCE's sign
- stool filled bowels on the left side
- absence of stool at the RLQ

44

Imaging of Choice for MALROTATION

UGIS

45

WHIRLPOOL SIGN

MALROTATION

46

BIRD BEAK SIGN

VOLVULUS

47

WHIRL SIGN

VOLVULUS

48

MC Abdominal malignancy of Childhood

WILMS TUMOR

49

WILMS TUMOR mostly arise from ____.

RENAL PARENCHYMA

50

MC extracranial solid neoplasm of childhood

NEUROBLASTOMA

51

MC adrenal neoplasm in the fetus (frequently right sided)

NEUROBLASTOMA

52

Characteristic imaging feature of NEUROBLASTOMA

DISPLACEMENT OF ADJACENT ORGANS and VESSELS

53

3rd MC malignant tumor _______

MC: WILMS TUMOR
2nd MC: NEUROBLASTOMA

3rd MC: HEPATIC NEOPLASM

MC: WILMS TUMOR
2nd MC: NEUROBLASTOMA

54

MC primary malignant LIVER tumor in infants and children

HEPATIC NEOPLASM

55

MC hepatic lobe location of HEPATOBLASTOMA

RIGHT Hepatic Lobe

56

MC solid renal tumor of INFANCY

CONGENITAL MESOBLASTIC NEPHROMA

57

MC scrotal mass in a child

HYDROCELE

58

MC form of inferior abdominal wall herniation

HERNIA

* may be direct or indirect to the INFERIOR EPIGASTRIC VESSELS
(Remember LI, MD)

59

hernia INCARCERATION most frequently occur in what age?

1st 6 months of life

60

MC laterality of VARICOCELE

LEFT-sided (90%)

61

MC Malignant germ cell tumor in CHILDREN

YOLK SAC TUMOR

62

CLAPPER IN A BELL PHENOMENON

TESTICULAR TORSION

63

MC cause of an acute painful scrotum in the
POSTPUBESCENT MALE

EPIDIDYMITIS

64


Fracture occurs on TENSION side

"GREEN TEEN"

GREENSTICK FRACTURE

65


Fracture occurs on LOADING side

(now LOADING... TORonto vs. milwauke BUCKs)

TORUS or BUCKLE FRACTURE

66


Fracture occurs on ______



BOWING DEFORMITY

67

MC Type of BOWING DEFORMITY

TYPE II

*good prognosis
Type 1 and 2 : close manipulation
Type 3 and 4: ORIF

68

MC complication in orbital cellulitis

SUBPERIOSTEAL ABSCESS

69

MC cause of periorbital cellulitis in children

SINUSITIS

70

MC soft tissue tumor in children

RHABDOMYOSARCOMA

71

MC visceral tumor in INFANCY

HEMANGIOMA

*common in girls

72

MC location of abscess

PERITONSILLAR SPACE

73

Germinal Matrix Hemorrhage grading with Ventriculomegaly

"VenTHREEcle"

GRADE III

74

MC location of TB meningitis in CHILDREN

INTERPEDUNCULAR CISTERN

75

MC PEDIATRIC CNS infection

BACTERIAL MENINGITIS

76

MC ______ syndrome in children

GUILLAIN BARRE SYNDROME

77

FINGER IN GLOVE SIGN

ASPERGILLOSIS and CYSTIC FIBROSIS

78

MC genetic disorder in children

CYSTIC FIBROSIS

79

In posterior urethral valves, what is the other imaging finding aside from the valves itself?

PRESENCE OF RENAL CYSTS

80

RING AROUND THE ARTERY SIGN

PNEUMOMEDIASTINUM (Lateral view)

81

MC location of foreign body (coin)

THORACIC INLET

82

Presence of air fluid levels in the stomach

ORGANOAXIAL GASTRIC VOLVULUS

*organoaxial - long axis (chronic fulminant)
*mesenteroaxial - short axis (acute fulminant)

83

Has similar finding with ILEAL ATRESIA

MECONIUM ILEUS

84

Earliest change in ACUTE OSTEOMYELITIS

SOFT TISSUE SWELLING

85

MC INHERITED renal cystic disease

Autosomal DOMINANT Polycystic Kidney Disease

86

Sagittal suture closure

Scaphocephaly
Dolichocephaly

87

Bicoronal suture closure

Brachycephaly
Bradycephaly

88

Metopic suture closure

Trigonocephaly

89

Bilambdoid suture closure

TURRICEPHALY

90

Unilateral coronal or unilateral lambdoid sutures closure

"UniCorn and UniLamb PLAG (flag)"

PLAGIOCEPHALY

"UniCorn and UniLamb PLAG (flag)"

91

All sutures closure

Microcephaly

92

Coronal, sagittal and lambdoid sutures closure

"CoLaSa ka OXY"

Oxycephaly

93

Bicoronal and bilambdoid sutures closure

Kleeblattschadel
(Cloverleaf)

95

Sequence of cranial suture closure from earliest to latest.

"M-C-L-S"

"M-C-L-S"

1st: METOPIC suture
2nd: CORONAL suture
3rd: LAMBDOID suture
4th: SAGITTAL suture

96

Esophageal Atresia with or without TEF
(Counterpart on Caffey’s)

Type I = C
Type II = A
Type III = E
Type IV = B
Type V = D