Pulmonary Imaging Flashcards Preview

NBA Gametime > Pulmonary Imaging > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pulmonary Imaging Deck (55)
Loading flashcards...
1

MC LUNG ACCESSORY FISSURE

INFERIOR ACCESSORY FISSURE

2

MC LUNG CA TYPE

Adenocarcinoma
- weakly associated with smoking

3

MC THYMIC TUMOR

THYMOMA

4

MC Malignant Mediastinal Germ Cell Tumor

SEMINOMA

5

Finger in glove

ABPA
Segmental bronchial atresia

6

Atoll sign, Reverse halo sign

Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia (COP)

7

MC bronchopulmonary malformation

"BulMa's PS BAnk"

Pulmonary sequestration
- Intralobar (more common)

2nd MC bronchopulmonary malformation is Bronchial atresia

*"BulMa's PS BAnk"

8

Morgagni hernia

Anterior, right.

9

Bochdalek hernia

Posterolateral (back to the left)

10

MC intrathoracic foregut cyst

Bronchogenic cyst

11

MC GIT duplication cyst

"ILDefonso and EDu"

Ileal duplication cyst (2nd Esophageal duplication cyst)

*"ILDefonso and EDu"

12

Pulmonary AVM

Osler Weber Rendu syndrome and
Hemorrhagic Hereditary Telangiectasia

13

Kartagener syndrome

"SMB at Chicks"

Situs inversus
Male infertility
Bronchiectasis
Chronic sinusitis

*"SMB at Chicks"

14

MC etiology of LOBAR pneumonia

"Lover's Secret Place"

Streptococcus pneumonia

*Lobar pneumonia
- nonsegmental
- relatively sharp demarcation

*"Lover's Secret Place"

15

Bronchopneumonia/Lobular pneumonia

- MC Staphylococcus aureus, Gram(-), some Fungi
- Acute inflammatory walls of bronchioles

16

Bronchopneumonia

- Aspiration (Gram negative)


*Recumbent
- posterior segment of upper lobes
- superior segment of lower lobes

*Upright
- Basal segments of lower lobes

17

MC cause of Atypical/Viral pneumonia pattern

Mycoplasma pneumonia

18

Round pneumonia

- Pediatric patients
- Strep.pneumonia
- Superior segment of lower lobe

19

Abscess

Cavitary containing air-fluid level

20

Primary PTB

- LL>UL
- Cavitation uncommon
- GHON lesion/focus
- Ranke complex

*RANKE COMPLEX
= calcified parenchymal focus (the GHON LESION) + nodal calcification

21

Post-Primary PTB/Reactivation

- Immunocompromised
- Cavitations
- Tree in bud opacities (CT)

22

Miliary TB

- Hematogenous spread
- seen in primary and post primary

23

ABPA

Hypersensitivity reaction in patients with ASTHMA

24

Aspergilloma

- Air-crescent sign
- Monad sign

25

Pneumocystis jirovecii (PCP)

- Interstitial —> LOBAR
- Pleural effusion ABSENT

26

Kaposi sarcoma

MC neoplasm in AIDS patient

- irregular and ill-defined (FLAMED SHAPE, HOLLY LEAF)

27

Hamartoma

Popcorn calcification

28

Enhancement of lesion

- Negative or <15 HU - BENIGN
- >25 HU - MALIGNANT

29

MC type of Lung CA

- AdenoCA
- F>M
- common in non-smokers

30

Squamous Cell CA

- MC to CAVITATE
- strong association with SMOKERS
- MC segmental or lobar
- MC tumor induced HYPERCALCEMIA

31

Small Cell CA

- Smoker
- MC to cause PARANEOPLASTIC SYNDROME
- MC to cause SVC syndrome

32

Pancoast tumor

- Apical
- SCCa
- HORNER syndrome

33

Golden pneumonia

Obstructive pneumonia

34

“Head cheese sign”

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis

35

Usual Interstitial Pneumonia (UIP)

Basilar HONEYCOMBING (distinctive)

36

Nonspecific Interstitial Pneumonia (NSIP)

- Traction bronchiectasis
- sparing of immediate SUBPLEURAL region

37

Swyer James syndrome

- Macleod’s syndrome
- post-infectious form of bronchiolitis obliterans

38

MC pulmonary manifestation of SLE?

Pleural effusion

39

Scleroderma

- Pulmonary fibrosis
- Patulous esophagus

40

Ankylosing spondylitis

Mimics TB (immunologic disease)

41

Pulmonary Edema

Grade I —> CEPHALIZATION (13-18mmHg)
Grade II —> INTERSTITIAL EDEMA (19-25mmHg)
Grade III —> ALVEOLAR/AIRSPACE EDEMA (>25mmHg)

42

ARDS

- Diffuse alveolar damage
- Heart usually normal
- more peripheral distribution of edema

43

Direct signs of Atelectasis?

- Displacement of interlobar fissure
- Crowding of vessels and bronchi

44

RML atelectasis

Most likely to be chronically collapsed (RML syndrome)

45

Mounier Kuhn

- Tracheomegaly (>3cm)
- Bronchiectasis
- Malacia

46

Saber sheath trachea

- Narrowing of coronal diameter with C-S ratio of <0.6 cm
- COPD pxs

47

MC manifestation of asbestos exposure?

Pleural plaques

48

“Split pleura” sign

Empyema

49

MC primary pleural neoplasm?

Malignant Mesothelioma

50

MC anterior inferior mediastinal mass?

Thymolipoma

51

MC cause of an anterior mediastinal mass in children?

Lymphoma (2nd MC in adults)

52

Neurogenic tumors

75% of posterior mediastinal mass (MC are Schwannoma)

53

calcified parenchymal focus (GHON LESION) +
nodal calcification = ____?

RANKE COMPLEX
= calcified parenchymal focus (GHON LESION) +
nodal calcification

54

When ASPIRATION occurs in the SUPINE position, it is the ______ that are predominantly involved,

whereas ASPIRATION in the ERECT position leads to involvement of ______.

ASPIRATION in the SUPINE position:
- posterior segments of the upper lobes
- superior segments of the lower lobes

ASPIRATION in the ERECT position:
- basal segments of the lower lobes.

55

Indirect signs seen with specific type of atelectasis

Golden S sign - RUL atelectasis
Juxtaphrenic peak - UL atelectasis
Luftsichel sign - UL atelectasis (usually LUL)
Flat waist sign - LLL atelectasis
Comet tail sign - Rounded atelectasis