Flashcards in Normal Infant Deck (32)
How big is the average male at 28 weeks and at term?
28 wks = 1150g (3.5% fat)
Term = 3550g (15% fat)
What is the daily weight gain of the average male?
What are the components of a Transplacental transfer?
What is defined as Term?
Between 37 and 41 weeks
How does the baby survive the hypoxic environment during the contractions of labour?
Fetal Hb helps release oxygen
What helps the fetus adapt?
Cortisol and adrenaline
What happens in a babies first few minutes?
Decreased pulmonary arterial pressure
Describe the Apgar score
Out of 10
0, 1 or 2 per area
Normal = 8/10
What areas does the Apgar score cover?
What change of feeds occurs in newborns?
Continuous glucose infusion to intermittent bolus eternal feeds
What is important for establishing breast feeding?
Skin to skin contact
What systems can Haemolytic Disease Newborn effect?
How do you treat Haemolytic Disease Newborn?
Vitamin K (IM or oral)
What infections should be screened for in a newborn?
What can be done for Hep C and TB?
Hep C - Vaccination
TB - BCG
What can be done for Group B streptococcus?
What would you do for Syphilis, Gonorrhoea or chlamydia?
What vaccinations can be given early on in the infants life?
Hep B at birth
BCG in first month
Routine vaccinations at 8 months
What vaccines can be given to the mother?
What screening tests are done to newborns?
Universal hearing tests
Hip screening (clinical and possible USS)
Metabolic - Thyroid, MCCAD, PKU, Haemoglobinopathies
What examinations of the head are done?
What eye examinations are done?
Squints - frequent
What ear examinations are done?
External auditory canal
FHx of hearing loss
What mouth examinations are done?
What should be looked for in the face?
What respiratory checks should be looked for?
What Cardiovascular problems should be checked for?
What abdominal things should be checked for?
Moves with respiration
Bile stained vomiting
Passage of meconuim
What genitourinary checks should be done?
Normal passage of urine