Northern Rhône Flashcards Preview

WSET Unit 3 > Northern Rhône > Flashcards

Flashcards in Northern Rhône Deck (38):
1

T/F Inexpensive reds may see semi-carbonic

True

2

White vinification

Generally cool fermented and bottled within 6 months

3

Marsanne Characteristics

Pale skinned, less aromatic than Roussanne, notes of honeysuckle, marzipan, and almond, oily texture.
NOT allowed in CdP blends.

4

Roussanne Characteristics

Russet colored skin, waxy minerality.
Oxidizes easily.
Adds fruit and acidity, often gives an herbal tea aroma.

5

Jaboulet famous wine AND classic bottling

Hermitage La Chapelle
Le Chapelle 1961
Sources WINE from 150 growers
Chevalier de Stérimbeg - Roussanne

6

Chapoutier

Based in Tain-l'Hermitage Est. 1808
Max (son) early proponent of biodynamics

7

Guigal

Based in Ampuis (Côte-Rôtie) est. 1946
30 ha in Côte-Rôtie
Bought and revitalized Vidal Fleury 1984

8

Guigal "Cru" Wines

La Moulin (11% Viognier)
La Turque
La Landonne
Only 400-700 cs produced yearly. Dark, dramatic, mouth filling, okay expressions of Syrah. 100% new oak, 3 1/2 years aging, no fining/filtration. Parker praised.

9

Château Grillet

3.4 ha
Granite amphitheater slopes
2,000 cs annually
Purchased by François Pinaulyt of Latour in 2011

10

Rhône Rangers

Loose affiliation of American winemakers led by Bob Lindquist of Qupé and Randall Grahm of Bonny Doon, beginning in the 80s to produce reds and whites in the Rhône style. Used old plantings of Grenache and Mataro, and Syrah plantings grew.

11

Mistral

Cold, dry wind from Massif Central
pronounced effect in winter and spring
strong enough to damage the vines
dries vines, preventing mold and mildew

12

N Rhône soils

Heat-retaining granite and schist on steep slopes of Côte-Rôtie, Condrieu, Hermitage.
Fine sand and loess prone to erosion.

13

Arzelle

Soil of powdery, decomposed mica found near Condrieu

14

Côte-Rôtie permitted white %

Up to 20% Viognier

15

Crozes-Hermitage/Hermitage permitted white %

Up to combined total of 15% Marsanne and/or Roussanne

16

St Joseph permitted white %

Up to 10% Marsanne and/or Roussanne

17

Effects of co-fermentation

Offers the almost counterintuitive advantage of stabilizing red wine color and moderating tannin extraction

18

Côte-Rôtie style

More feminine than Hermitage, light and fresh

19

Côte-Rôtie

Some of France's steepest vineyards 150-350m, with 55° + gradient
SE aspect behind Ampuis

20

Hermitage

One S facing hill
2nd smallest AOC in N Rhône
136 ha
40 hl/ha

21

Hermitage notable producers

Jean-Louis Chave
Négoiants Delas, M. Chapoutier, Jaboulet

22

Hermitage important climats

le Méal
les Bessards
Gréffieux
Beaume & Péléat

23

Hermitage style

Deeply colored, headily perfumed, and should evolve 2-3 decades, after which it can be mistaken for BDX

24

Crozes-Hermitage

Largest AOC in N Rhône 1510 ha
92% red, lighter and less ageworthy

25

Cornas style

Rustic, impenetrable in their youth and slow to develop in the bottle

26

Cornas

131 ha, 100% Syrah, no white permitted
Vineyards some of warmest in the Rhône
Shielded from Mistral winds

27

Cornas lieux-dits

Les Reynards
La Côte
Les Chaillot
Les Mazards

28

Cornas notable producers

Auguste Clape - traditional style wines
Vincent Paris

29

St Joseph

Ambitiously expanded 875 ha 1996/1,211 ha 2013
Delightfully transparent expression of Syrah
Also produce small amount of white from Marsanne/Roussane

30

St-Péray

75 ha, cool AOC
Whites only from Marsanne/Roussanne
May be méthode traditionelle mousseux style

31

Condrieu

170 ha
Nearly extinct in 1960s
Stylistic differences; oak, malo

32

Condrieu notable producers

Georges Vernay
Yves Cuilleron
André Perret

33

Coteaux de Die AOC

dry white wine from 100% Clairette

34

Crémant de Die AOC

sparkling whites based mostly on Clairette

35

Clairette de Die AOC

2 styles of sparkling wine; méthode traditionnelle and méthode Dioise ancestrale

36

Châtillon-en-Diois AOC

Gamay based red/rosés and whites from Aligoté and Chardonnay

37

% of Northern Rhône wine in whole valley

5%

38

Half of all wines bottled by which merchants

Chapoutier, Jaboulet, Delas, Guigal