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WSET Unit 3 > Loire > Flashcards

Flashcards in Loire Deck (29):
1

Sur lie

"On the lees". One racking permitted to remove gross lees. Must stay in contact w/ lees after fermentation for winter after harvest, until bottling. Filtration permitted immediately before bottling. Bottling must take place March 1st-June 30th, or Oct. 15th-Nov. 30th following harvest. Must be bottled at winery where made. May not be released before 3rd Thursday in March following harvest.

2

Melon

Reliable but neutral, most planted variety in Loire Valley, 10,798 ha. Burgundian origins.

3

Muscadet de Sèvre et Maine Crus Communaux

Clisson-well-drained pebble/gravel mix, long lived wines
Gorges-on river Sèvre, soils range from gabbros to clay and quartz
Le Pallet-warm pocket on R bank of Sèvre
Superior, terroir driven Muscadets, ageworthy, 45hl/ha

4

Gros Plant

Folle blanche, country cousin to Muscadet. Aggressively dry and acidic. Grapes tend to rot before they ripen. Outnumbered Muscadet pre-phylloxera. AOC in 2011. May label sur lie.

5

Coteaux d'Ancenis

Small AOC for whites from PG, reds/rosés from Gamay

6

Fiefs Vendéens

Communes Brem, Chantonnay, Mareuil, Pissote, Vix. Reds from CF, Négrette, PN, rosés from Gamay, whites based on Chenin Blanc.

7

Bonnezeaux

104 ha
Min RS 51 g/l
NO chaptalization

8

Coteaux du Layon

Min RS 34 g/l
NO chaptalization
Coteaux du Layon Premier Cru min RS 80 g/l

9

Quarts de Chaume

Min RS 85 g/l
"Grand Cru" may be on label as of 2010 harvest
NO chaptalization
Hand harvesting of botrytis or passerillage grapes in tries

10

Cabernet d'Anjou

Rosé - CF and CS

11

Coteaux de l'Aubance

100% CB
SGN - botrytis required
Hand harvested in tries

12

Anjou-Village Brissac

Rouge - CF/CS

13

Anjou-Village

Rouge - CF/CS

14

Coteaux de Saumur

100% CB
Min RS 34 g/l

15

Haut-Poitou

Blanc - min 60% SB, + Sauvignon Gris
Rouge - min 60% CF, + Gamay, Gamay de Bouze, Gamay de Chaudenay, Merlot, PN. Min 40% CF through 2021 harvest
Rosé - Min 40% CF, min 20% PN, min 20% Gamay

16

Rosé d'Anjou

Grolleau, Grolleau Gris, CF, CS, Cot, Gamay, Pineau d'Aunis

17

Saumur-Champigny

Rouge - CF, + max 15% combined CS/Pineau d'Aunis

18

Savennières soil

steep slopes of blue schist with volcanic debris

19

Savennières Coulée de Serrant

AOP 2011
7 ha w/ 3 distinct sections; Grand Clos de la Coulée, Clos du Château, Les Plantes
Sec, Moulleux, Doux
Steep slopes of blue schist w/ volcanic debris

20

Savennières Roche Aux Moines

AOP 2011
33 ha
Sec, Moulleux, Doux
Steep slopes of blue schist w/ volcanic debris
Chaptalization prohibited

21

Center for Saumur-Anjou wine trade

Saumur

22

Saumur Mousseux

White or rosé sparkling from CB, often with a mix of international and Loire varieties. Co-op St-Cyr-en-Bourg. Houses Gratien & Meyer, Langlois Chateau, Bouvet Ladubay.
60 hl/ha, 9 months' tirage

23

Sancerre

3,000 ha over 15 Villages. 3 distinct areas;
1) White Western Vineyards - clay, limestone, kimmeridgian, Cru Chavignol, Pascal Cotat
2) Between western and Sancerre town - gravel, limestone, delicate wines
3) Close to Sancerre - flint, silex, longer lived, perfumed wines

24

Pouilly-Fumé

1,273 ha, east of Sancerre
Soils - limestone, flint (silex)
Whites ONLY (No PN)

25

Pouilly-Fumé notable producers

Dider Daganeau
Ch du Nozet

26

Pouilly-sur-Loire

Pouilly-Fumés less distinguished zone for Chasselas

27

Reuilly

215 ha
SW of Sancerre / S of Quincy
Limestone
Rosé - PG / PN
Red - PN / Gamay (IGP only)

28

Quincy

269 ha
N of Reuilly
Sand and gravel
SB w/ 10% Sauvignon Gris
NO red

29

Mentou-Salon

235 ha
W of Sancerre
Limestone, flat vineyards, less favorable mesoclimate
SB - 60% of production / PN