New Zealand Flashcards Preview

WSET Unit 3 > New Zealand > Flashcards

Flashcards in New Zealand Deck (55):
1

Vines planted

Missionaries, early 19th c

2

Romeo Bragato

Government viticulturist. Advised on suitable places to plant. Largely ignored at time

3

1st wine

James Busby, established vineyard at Waitangi in 1836 to sell wine to British troops

4

Who planted Auckland and Hawkes Bay

Dalmatian and Lebanese settlers

5

Most planted grape in 1960s

Isabella (Albany Surprise)

6

When was BYO established

1976 by NZ Authorties

7

Export markets

Uk, Aus, US

8

Export strategy

High quality, low production from a 'clean, green land'

9

Irrigation permitted?

Yes

10

Avg yields

70 hl/ha. No restrictions on yields or pruning

11

Gallagher leaf plucking machine

Takes less than 5 hours per ha, by hand takes about 50 hours per ha. Removes leaves by suction, and or cutting

12

Most planted grape

SB. 20,027 ha

13

Other grapes

PN, Chard, PG, Merlot, Riesling, Syrah, GW, CS, Malbec, CF

14

Stainless steel importance

Booming industry thanks to dairy business. Barrique more expensive to import due to isolation

15

Winemaking restrictions

None. Chap, acidification, deacidification all permitted

16

% of wines screwcaps

99%

17

Who dominates industry

Pernod Ricard NZ. Leading brand is Brancott Estate (formerly Montana)

18

Other industry players

Villa Maria/Vidals/Esk Valley groups. Nobilo Group (Accolade). Matuea (Treasury). Oyster Bay

19

Pernod Ricard

1/2 of NZ production, pioneer of grape growing in Marlborough. Acquired Coronas Wines (2nd largest) in 2000

20

What min % of stated varietal or vintage

85%. Same for region if legally defined. Declaration of vintage and varietal optional

21

North Island

Majority of production in central and southern regions; Gisborne, Hawkes Bay, Wairarapa

22

Northland

Birthplace of NZ wine 1819.

23

Waikato/Bay of Plenty

N Island. Larger area than Northland

24

Auckland

2% of national total. Montana and Villa Maria headquartered here

25

Auckland subregions

Kumeu, Waiheke Island, Matakana

26

Auckland climate

Moderate, rainy, maritime

27

Auckland varieties

Chard, Merlot, CS

28

Hawkes Bay

2nd largest region.

29

Hawkes Bay climate

Driest climate

30

Hawkes Bay grapes

Merlot #1. CS, PN, CF, PG

31

Hawkes Bay soils

Complex and diverse, gravel, heavy silt, sandy loam

32

Hawkes Bay subregions

Ngatarawa (Merlot), Esk Valley, Dartmoor Valley

33

Gimblett Gravels

area with deep shingle (small rounded peoples) soil. Syrah and BDX blends. Appears on several labels as a trademarked brand

34

Gisborne

3rd largest producer. Also known as Poverty Bay. Overcoming past reputation as bulk producer of lower quality wines

35

Gisborne grapes

Chard #1, Müller-Thurgau, GW. Red grapes struggle to ripen

36

Gisborne Fun fact

1st vines in the world to see the sun every day!

37

Wairarapa

Southernmost region on N Island. Region officially named Wellington, after capitol city

38

Wairarapa grapes

PN, SB

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Wairarapa best subregion

Martinborough

40

Nelson

Northernmost region on S Island. High land prices, low land availability. S Islands smallest region

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Nelson Climate

NZs sunniest climate, also rainiest on S Island. Cool

42

Nelson grapes

Chard, SB, Riesling, PN. Late harvest Riesling

43

Marlborough

Largest region. More than 1/2 of NZs wine.

44

Marlborough grapes

SB 10,000 ha. PN, Chard, PG, RS. Traditional method sparkling

45

Marlborough climate

Warm summers, cool nights. Long growing season

46

Marlborough soils

Sandy, alluvial loam topsoil over gravel. Excellent drainage and limits vigor

47

Marlborough subregions

Wairau Valley (N), Southern Valleys (Central), Awatere Valley (S)

48

Top Marlborough SB producers

Cloudy Bay, Kim Crawford

49

Canterbury

Fastest growing region

50

Waipara Valley

N subregion of Canterbury. Majority of regions vineyards. PN, Riesling, Chard, SB

51

Central Otago

NZ highest altitude vineyards. PN can be under-ripe in cool years

52

Central Otago climate

Fully continental (only region in NZ)

53

Central Otago aspect

Planting towards sun on northern hillside exposures

54

Central Otago producers

Felton Road, Mt. Difficulty, Rippon

55

Central Otago subregions

Best known: Wanaka, Gibbston, Alexandra, Cromwell Basin