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Flashcards in Portugal Deck (33):
1

Portugal is the world's ______ largest producer of wine.

11th

2

Number of indigenous varieties

248

3

Phylloxera enters Douro

1867. Many vineyards not replanted

4

Year admitted to EU

1986. Co-ops lost their monopolistic power. Grants and investments begin to pour in. Quintas begin to sever ties w/ co-ops and make their own wine

5

DOP

Denominação de Origem Protegida

6

IGTs

14. Minho, Transmontano, Duriense, Terras do Dão, Terras de Cister, Terras da Beira, Beira Atlântico, Tejo, Lisboa, Alentejano, Peninsula de Setúbal, Algarve, Terras Madeirenses, Açores

7

Garrafeira

Private wine cellar
Vintage dated DOP/IGT wines
Indicates min period of aging prior to release

8

Tinto garrafeira

Min. 30 month's aging +
Min. 12 month's in bottle

9

Blanco/Rosado garrafeira

Min. 12 month's aging +
Min. 6 month's in bottle

10

Reserva

.5% higher alcohol
stricter requirements for DOP/IGT

11

Colheita Seleccionada

Min. 1% higher alcohol content than regional appellation

12

Mango e Melgaço

Alvarinho
Warmer & drier climate
Maritime influence partially blocked by hills
Richer, fuller, more complex
13% abv

13

Beiras regions

Formerly 1 VR, split in 2009
Beira Atlântico, Terras do Dão, Terras da Beira

14

Dão soils

Granite and sandy. Leads to water stress

15

Dão grapes

Indigenous. Touriga Nacional, Tinta Roriz, Jaen, Alfrocheiro Preto, Encruzado

16

Dão style

80% red, field blends. Whites; crisp and fragrant, blended w/ Bical, Malvasia Fina

17

Sogrape

Portugal's largest producer, owned by Porto based Guedes family (Mateus Rosé)

18

Bairrada soil

2 types; clay-limestone and sandy

19

Bairrada grapes

Red; Baga
White; Maria Gomes, Arinot, Bical, Cercial, Chardonnay

20

Which VR corresponds to the Douro?

Duriense Vihno Regional

21

Grapes for VR Duriense

Pinot Noir, Syrah, Alvarinho, Sauvignon Blanc, Rielsing, Chardonnay

22

Loureiro

Laurel scented. 5,162 ha, mainly in Vinho Verde. Blended with Alvarinho and Trajadura

23

Trajadura

Body and citrus character. 1,662 ha mainly in Vinho Verde. Blended with Loureiro and Alvarinho. Trexaidura in Rías Baixas.

24

Alvarinho

Thick skins. Can be high alcohol, acidity and flavor. 2,340 ha around town of Moncão.

25

Bical

Also Borrado das Moscas (fly droppings). 1,456 ha.
Good acidity, some aroma and aging capability, developing Riesling like bouquet after a decade in bottle. Used for sparkling in Bairrada

26

Arinto

Min 75% of blend in Bucelas. Grown in Tejo, Lisboa. High acid, citrus and interest with age. Pedernã in VV.

27

Touriga Nacional

Indigenous to Dão. 10,531 ha. Small, deeply colored, tannic berries. Concentrated and floral wines in youth. Prone to; coulure, low yields.

28

Tempranillo

Portugal's most planted variety. 21,150 ha. Important in Douro. Known as Aragonez in south (Alentejo, often blended with Trincadeira), Tinta Roriz (official).

29

Baga

Accounts for 90% of dark-skinned varieties in Bairrada. 9,885 ha. Vigorous, downy mildew resistant. Small, thin skinned, produces dark, acidic, tannic wines. Also rosé and sparkling.

30

Castellão

2 most planted. 14,414 ha. Fruity, sometimes long lived wines. Known as; Periquita (Setúbal), João de Santarém (Oeste), Castelão Francês.

31

Trincadeira

Mainly S Portugal. 11,674 ha. Susceptible to rot, so does well in warmer climates (Alentejo). Deep-colored, spicy wines prone to herbaceousness if picked early. Tinta Amarela.

32

Encruzado

White common in Dão. Well-balanced, full-bodied varietal wines with capability to age.

33

Alentejo DOP Subregionsq

8. Portalegre, Borba, Redondo, Reguaas, Granja Amareleja, Vidigueira, Evora, Moura