Flashcards in Portugal Deck (33):
Portugal is the world's ______ largest producer of wine.
Number of indigenous varieties
Phylloxera enters Douro
1867. Many vineyards not replanted
Year admitted to EU
1986. Co-ops lost their monopolistic power. Grants and investments begin to pour in. Quintas begin to sever ties w/ co-ops and make their own wine
Denominação de Origem Protegida
14. Minho, Transmontano, Duriense, Terras do Dão, Terras de Cister, Terras da Beira, Beira Atlântico, Tejo, Lisboa, Alentejano, Peninsula de Setúbal, Algarve, Terras Madeirenses, Açores
Private wine cellar
Vintage dated DOP/IGT wines
Indicates min period of aging prior to release
Min. 30 month's aging +
Min. 12 month's in bottle
Min. 12 month's aging +
Min. 6 month's in bottle
.5% higher alcohol
stricter requirements for DOP/IGT
Min. 1% higher alcohol content than regional appellation
Mango e Melgaço
Warmer & drier climate
Maritime influence partially blocked by hills
Richer, fuller, more complex
Formerly 1 VR, split in 2009
Beira Atlântico, Terras do Dão, Terras da Beira
Granite and sandy. Leads to water stress
Indigenous. Touriga Nacional, Tinta Roriz, Jaen, Alfrocheiro Preto, Encruzado
80% red, field blends. Whites; crisp and fragrant, blended w/ Bical, Malvasia Fina
Portugal's largest producer, owned by Porto based Guedes family (Mateus Rosé)
2 types; clay-limestone and sandy
White; Maria Gomes, Arinot, Bical, Cercial, Chardonnay
Which VR corresponds to the Douro?
Duriense Vihno Regional
Grapes for VR Duriense
Pinot Noir, Syrah, Alvarinho, Sauvignon Blanc, Rielsing, Chardonnay
Laurel scented. 5,162 ha, mainly in Vinho Verde. Blended with Alvarinho and Trajadura
Body and citrus character. 1,662 ha mainly in Vinho Verde. Blended with Loureiro and Alvarinho. Trexaidura in Rías Baixas.
Thick skins. Can be high alcohol, acidity and flavor. 2,340 ha around town of Moncão.
Also Borrado das Moscas (fly droppings). 1,456 ha.
Good acidity, some aroma and aging capability, developing Riesling like bouquet after a decade in bottle. Used for sparkling in Bairrada
Min 75% of blend in Bucelas. Grown in Tejo, Lisboa. High acid, citrus and interest with age. Pedernã in VV.
Indigenous to Dão. 10,531 ha. Small, deeply colored, tannic berries. Concentrated and floral wines in youth. Prone to; coulure, low yields.
Portugal's most planted variety. 21,150 ha. Important in Douro. Known as Aragonez in south (Alentejo, often blended with Trincadeira), Tinta Roriz (official).
Accounts for 90% of dark-skinned varieties in Bairrada. 9,885 ha. Vigorous, downy mildew resistant. Small, thin skinned, produces dark, acidic, tannic wines. Also rosé and sparkling.
2 most planted. 14,414 ha. Fruity, sometimes long lived wines. Known as; Periquita (Setúbal), João de Santarém (Oeste), Castelão Francês.
Mainly S Portugal. 11,674 ha. Susceptible to rot, so does well in warmer climates (Alentejo). Deep-colored, spicy wines prone to herbaceousness if picked early. Tinta Amarela.
White common in Dão. Well-balanced, full-bodied varietal wines with capability to age.