Flashcards in Nouns Deck (46)
What is a noun?
A noun is a person/place/thing.
Ex: Woman, school, rain, bed. If a word can be preceded by a/an/the chances are its a noun
What is a gendered noun?
A gendered noun is a gender-specific and changes depending on the object's sex.
Ex: Actor - Actress
What is a gerund?
A gerund is a verb that acts as a noun. Gerunds always end in -ing.
Ex: Skiing is my favorite form of exercise; eating enough leafy greens is hard to do; sleeping solves most of my problems. (skiing, eating, and sleeping are gerunds).
What is an appositive?
An appositive modifies or clarifies the noun or noun phrase that precedes it.
Ex: Ivan the Terrible ruled for a number of years. (The Terrible is an appositive that tells us something about Ivan.)
what is an appositive phrase?
An appositive phrase is a phrase set off by commas that tells the reader more about the noun or pronoun it modifies.
Ex: San Francisco, a city often shrouded in fog, is chilly at this time of year. (A city often shrouded in fog is the appositive phrase.)
What is a proper noun?
A proper noun is a specifically named person, place, or thing.
EX: President Clinton, Snafu University, England, Boston Red Sox.
What is a common noun?
A common noun is a naming noun that is not capitalized.
EX: interstate, college, books, cars
T/F: Nouns can appear anywhere in a sentence.
True. There are no rules about where a noun can or cannot appear in a sentence. However, a sentence must have at least one noun acting as the subject in order for the sentence to be complete.
What is the difference between a proper noun and a common noun?
A proper noun names a specific person, place, or thing, whereas a common noun does not specify by name instead referring to a general person, place, or thing.
What type of nouns are -airplane- and -Delta-?
Airplane is a common noun. Delta is a proper noun.
Are Skippy and peanut the same type of noun?
No. Skippy is a proper noun, and peanut is a common noun.
T/F: Kleenex and Xerox are the same type of noun.
True. Kleenex and Xerox are both proper nouns.
T/F: All proper nouns are capitalized.
T/F: A countable noun names a non-specific noun
False. A common noun names a non-specific noun. A countable noun is any noun that can be numbered.
T/F: Air- is a countable noun
False. Air- cannot be counted, so it is not a countable noun
T/F: Rims- is a countable noun.
True. We can count rims.
Is -rain- a countable noun?
T/F: -Wine- is a non- countable (mass) noun.
True. Wine- cannot be counted.
Do all collective nouns take singular verbs?
No. Most collective nouns take singular verbs (our class is always rowdy). In British English, some collective nouns take plural verbs when members of the group are acting individually (the family bicker during the holidays)
T/F : Flock is a collective noun.
True. Flock is a singular word referring to a group of individual beings usually birds.
T/F: Freshness is a collective noun.
False. Freshness- is an abstract noun.
T/F: Pumpkins-is a countable noun
True. We can count pumpkins, so =pumpkins- is a countable noun
What type of noun is -contentment-?
Contentment - is an abstract noun
Is -sadness- a concrete noun?
No. Although we feel sadness, we don't feel it in a literal way-that is, we can't touch it or taste it. Sadness- is an abstract noun.
T/F: Every profession differentiates between gender.
False. Many professions (law, medicine, etc.) do not distinguish between their male and female practitioners (lawyers, doctors, etc.)
T/F: A noun can only be one type of noun.
False. Nouns can fall into multiple categories. For EX> Waitress is both a gendered noun and a countable noun.
T/F: An infinitive can sometimes act as a noun
True. An infinitive sometimes acts as a noun. For example, in the sentence -To grow is the dream of many pre-teens-, -to grow- is an infinitive acting as the subject of the sentence.
Can a gerund be the subject of a sentence?
Yes. A gerund takes on all the traits of a noun, and since nouns can be subjects, so can gerunds.
What famous line in -Hamlet- repeats the same infinitive twice?
"to be or not to be, that is the questions"