Nutrition Flashcards Preview

Patho 3 > Nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (14):
1

MC diseases

Heart disease 28%
Malignancies 23%

2

biggest risk factor to type II diabetes

waist size (obesity)

3

kwashiorkor

protein insufficiency w/adequate caloric intake, ascites

4

marasmus

total calorie/nutritional insufficency

5

Vit A

fat soluble so it goes to liver, accutane requires LFTs

6

Vit D

most people are deficient, all babies require it

7

Vit E

deficiency causes neuropathies, myopathies, retinopathies

8

Vit K

deficiency causes bleeding, coumadin/warfarin is a vit K inhibitor

9

B1 deficiency

-beriberi
-wernicke encephalopathy
-CHF

10

B2 deficiency

angular stomatitis
glossitis

11

B6 deficiency

dementia, neuropathy
INH requires this supplement

12

B12 deficiency

pernicous anemia

13

wernicke triad

ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, confusion
seen with alcohol abuse

14

metabolic syndrome

3 or more of the following
-HTN
-blood abnormality (DM, high trigly, low HDL)
-waist size >35f >40m