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Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (20)
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1

What drives each of the following phases of growth:

Infant?

Child?

Pubertal?

Nutrition

Growth hormone

Sex hormone

2

Name some sources of vitamin A?

Is the population intake above or below the RNI?

Cheese, eggs, yoghurt

Above

3

Name some sources of vitamin C?

Is the population intake above or below the RNI?

Fruits and potatoes

Above

4

Name some sources of vitamin D?

 

Sunlight, oily fish, eggs

5

In terms of babies, who are below the RNI for vitamin D?

 

All breastfed infants

Non-breastfed infants aged 12-18 months

6

Which children should recieve vitamin supplements?

What supplements are given?

Children 6 months + who are consuming < 500mls/day of infant formula

Vitamins A, C and D

7

What vitamin supplement should breastfeeding mothers take?

10 micrograms of vitamin D per day

8

What exercise should be advised for infants not yet walking?

Floor and water based activities

Minimise sedentary time

9

What are the exercise guidelines for children aged 5-18?

60 minutes / day of moderate-vigourous intensity exercise 

Vigourous intensity exercise 3 times a week

10

Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for how long?

What are the advantages to breastfeeding?

The first 6 months

Lower risk of obesity, lowers materal breast cancer risk, gives higher IQ of child at 7.5 years

11

Formula milk should absolutely not be started before when?

4 months

12

What is the recommended milk product to be used at 6 months?

Infant formula

13

Which is preferred for the 1st year- whey or casein based milk products?

Is a change of brand from whey to casein recommended?

Whey

No

14

What is follow on formula?

Is it recommended?

Manufactured for infants > 6 months but has no advantage over infant formula and so is not recommended

15

When can full fat cows milk be used in cooking?

When can full fat cows milk be used as a drink?

When can semi skimmed milk be used?

When can skimmed milk be used?

6-9 months

12 months

2 years

5 years

16

How should foods which can cause allergies be introduced?

One at a time

17

The first solid foods introduced to an infant should be free of what?

Gluten

18

Nuts and seeds should be avoided until what age?

5 years

19

When should teeth be cleaned and how often?

twice a day as soon as they appear

20

For optimal dental health, when should cups/beakers be used?

6 months