Flashcards in Nutrition PPT Deck (66)
_______ is critical for all members of a household.
Food holds ____ meaning.
______ Therapy (MNT) uses nutrition therapy and counseling to manage disease.
Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT) can be used to manage diseases such as Type 1 diabetes, hypertension, and _______.
inflammatory bowel disease
_____ is the main source of energy in a diet.
Healthy people 2020 nutrition objective is for weight and growth (BMI ______)
18.5 to 24.9
Guidelines for dietary change recommend reduced fat, saturated fat, sodium, refined sugar, and cholesterol, and increased intake of _________ and fiber.
Review BOx 35-1 examples of nutrition objectives
__________ is the energy needed to maintain life-sustaining activities for a specific period of time at rest
basal metabolic rate
____________ is the amount of energy that an individual needs to consume over a 24-hour period for the body to maintain all of its internal working activities while at rest
resting energy expenditure (REE)
aka resting metabolic rate
When the _______ of the food we eat meets our energy requirements, our weight does not change.
_____ are the main source of energy in a diet.
Carbohydrates have ____ kcal/g.
Carbohydrates are either _____ or _____ saccharides.
complex and simple
Proteins are made up of _____.
Proteins are necessary for _____ nitrogen balance.
There are ____ kcal/g in protein.
There are ____ kcal/g in fats.
Fats are composed of ______ (animal fats) or ______ (vegetable fats).
All cell function depends on a fluid environment and that is why ____ is so important.
______ are essential to normal metabolism.
Types of vitamins
_____ are catalysts for enzymatic reactions.
Types of mineral categories
See Table 45-1 Mechanisms for Intestinal Absorption of Nutrients
See Table 45-1 Summary of digestive system
_____ begins in the mouth and ends in the small and large intestines.