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461 - Exam 3 (MOST DIFFICULT) > Nutrition PPT > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition PPT Deck (66)
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1

_______ is critical for all members of a household.

food security

2

Food holds ____ meaning.

symbolic

3

______ Therapy (MNT) uses nutrition therapy and counseling to manage disease.

Medical Nutrition

4

Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT) can be used to manage diseases such as Type 1 diabetes, hypertension, and _______.

inflammatory bowel disease

5

EN

Enteral Nutrition

6

PN

Parenteral Nutrition

7

_____ is the main source of energy in a diet.

Carbohydrates

8

Healthy people 2020 nutrition objective is for weight and growth (BMI ______)

18.5 to 24.9

9

Guidelines for dietary change recommend reduced fat, saturated fat, sodium, refined sugar, and cholesterol, and increased intake of _________ and fiber.

complex carbs

10

Review BOx 35-1 examples of nutrition objectives

1

11

__________ is the energy needed to maintain life-sustaining activities for a specific period of time at rest

basal metabolic rate

12

____________ is the amount of energy that an individual needs to consume over a 24-hour period for the body to maintain all of its internal working activities while at rest

resting energy expenditure (REE)
aka resting metabolic rate

13

When the _______ of the food we eat meets our energy requirements, our weight does not change.

kilocalories (kcal)

14

_____ are the main source of energy in a diet.

carbohydrates

15

Carbohydrates have ____ kcal/g.

4

16

Carbohydrates are either _____ or _____ saccharides.

complex and simple

17

Proteins are made up of _____.

amino acids

18

Proteins are necessary for _____ nitrogen balance.

positive ?

19

There are ____ kcal/g in protein.

4

20

There are ____ kcal/g in fats.

9

21

Fats are composed of ______ (animal fats) or ______ (vegetable fats).

saturated
polyunsaturated

22

All cell function depends on a fluid environment and that is why ____ is so important.

water

23

______ are essential to normal metabolism.

vitamins

24

Types of vitamins

water soluble
fat soluble

25

_____ are catalysts for enzymatic reactions.

minerals

26

Types of mineral categories

macominerals
trace elements

27

See Table 45-1 Mechanisms for Intestinal Absorption of Nutrients

1

28

See Table 45-1 Summary of digestive system

1

29

_____ begins in the mouth and ends in the small and large intestines.

digestion

30

The small intestine is the primary area of _____.

absorption