Flashcards in Nutritionists perspective Deck (40)
Which is the most widely used drug?
what type of nutrient is alcohol?
how much absorption of alcohol takes place in the stomach?
How does the absorption of alcohol occur in the small intestine?
how is alcohol excreted?
via the lungs, sweat and urine
how much is excreted by the lungs?
how much is excreted by sweating?
how much is excreted by urine?
Where is the primary metabolism site for alcohol?
How is alcohol removed from the blood?
What does BAC stand for?
Blood alcohol concentration
what influences BAC (6)?
what are the physiological processes involved in alcohol?
Absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion
what removes alcohol from the blood?
If a man and a woman drink the same amount and weigh the same why does the woman get more pissed?
more fat on their body and therefore, less water
how does food affect BAC?
reduces absorption and increases elimination
When does BAC peak?
30-60 mins after consumption
how many calories are in 1g of alcohol?
How many units a week are recommended for men?
How many units a week are recommended for women?
What water soluble vitamin deficiencies are associated with alcohol? (3)
What fat soluble vitamin deficiencies are associated with alcohol? (1)
What mineral deficiencies are associated with alcohol?
by what mechanisms does alcohol cause deficiencies? (3)
decreases secretion of pancreatic enzymes and bile
damage to gut lining
decreased stores of vitamins in the liver (e.g. vit A)
How does alcohol affect nutritional status? (2)
impaired appetite and malnutrition
What vitamin is a thiamine deficiency associated with?
What is vitamin B1 needed for? (3)
Why do levels of thiamine decrease in response to alcohol? (4)
decreased conversion by coenzyme
inhibition of intestinal absorption
What are the 3 different types of thiamine deficiency?