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Flashcards in Overview and intro Deck (23)
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1

What is the rate of removal from the body

15 mg/100ml/hr

2

what is ethanol turned into by alcohol dehydrogenase?

Acetaldehyde

3

What is acetaldehyde turned into by Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase

Acetate

4

What is the compound responsible for hangovers

Acetaldehyde

5

where does most of the absorption take place

small intestine

6

where does 20% of absorption take place

stomach

7

What are the different levels of alcohols and what do they mean?

<100: fun
100-200: wide emotions and blurry
>200: fucked

8

What is alcoholic ketoacidosis?

XS NADH, usually associated with those who are malnourished

9

What is used in Antabuse?

acetaldehyde

10

What is methanol broken down into?

Formaldehyde and then formic acid

11

how do you treat methanol poisoning?

alcohol and dialysis

12

Why is there is limited metabolism?

due to limited alcohol dehydrogenase

13

What speeds up gastric emptying?

antihistamines and metoclopramide

14

Are aerated drinks absorbed faster or slower?

Faster

15

how do you 'cure' a hangover?

inhibit prostaglandins and increase metabolism

16

What do south east Asians have?

a variant ineffective variant of aldehyde dehydrogenase

17

What percentage of alcohol is metabolised in the liver?

90%

18

How do you increase tolerance?

upregulating alcohol dehydrogenase

19

What happens when ethanol stimulates the cerebellum

Speech and co-ordination

20

What happens when ethanol stimulates the cortex

talkative

21

What happens when ethanol stimulates the limbic system

memory loss

22

What happens when ethanol stimulates the reticular formation

consciousness

23

What happens when ethanol stimulates the lower brain stem

breathing and blood pressure