Nx 100 Ch 1, 3, 8 Flashcards Preview

NURSING > Nx 100 Ch 1, 3, 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nx 100 Ch 1, 3, 8 Deck (27):
1

nursing is focused on....

the person receiving the care

2

the focus of all nursing definitions is...

the patient

3

4 skills nurses use

cognitive
technical
interpersonal
ethical/legal issues

4

6 nursing roles

caregiver
communicator/teacher/educator
counselor
leader
researcher
advocate

5

5 aspects of the nursing process

major guideline for the Nx practice
helps nurses implement roles
Integrates art & science of Nx
allows nurses to use critical thinking
defines areas of care w/in Nx

6

5 steps of the Nx process

assessment
nursing diagnosis
planning
implementation
evaluation

7

health

a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely the absence of a disease or infirmity

8

illness

the unique response of a person to a disease; an abnormal process involving changed level of functioning

9

wellness

an active state of being healthy by living a lifestyle promoting good physical, mental, and emotional health

10

6 dimensions of health

intellectual
environmental
spiritual
sociocultural
emotional
physical

11

acute illness

rapid onset of symptoms; short duration

12

chronic illness

permanent change; irreversible; requires special patient education for rehab; long term care/support

13

stages of illness behavior

experiencing symptoms
assuming sick role
assuming a dependent role
achieving recovery and rehabilitation

14

risk factors for illness

age
genetic factors
physiologic factors
health habits
lifestyle
environment

15

maslow's hierarchy of needs

physiologic
safety
love and belonging
self-esteem
self actualization

16

levels of illness/disease prevention

primary: weight loss, exercise
secondary: screenings, family counseling
tertiary: medications, surgical Tx, OT

17

3 components of the health-belief model

perceived susceptibility to a disease
perceived seriousness of a disease
perceived benefits of action
(perceptions = lifestyle)

18

the health-illness continuum

views health as a constantly changing state between total wellness and death
(health/wellness is dynamic)

18

Aims of nursing

-to promote health
-to prevent illness
-to restore health
-to facilitate coping with disability or death

19

3 types of credentialing

Accreditation
Licensure
Certification

20

Nurse practice acts

Define legal scope of Nx practice
Exclude untrained/unlicensed people from practicing
Create a state board of Nx

21

Licensure

The legal authority to practice as a Nx professional

22

The high-level wellness model

Helps pt know who & what he is.
Encourages nurse to treat holistically
Functioning to ones max potential while maint balance and a purposeful direction

23

The health promotion model

Illustrates the multidimensional nature of persons interacting w/ their environment as they pursue health.
Incorporates individual characteristics & experiences

24

Agent-host-environment model

Agent, host, and environment interact in ways that create risk factors

25

Managed care

Control cost
Gatekeepers monitor care
Limits choice of providers
Requires approval for special care

26

Case management

Coordinates care (nurses are coordinators)
Controls cost
Improves access to healthcare
Use critical pathways to identify protocols