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Flashcards in Odyssey secondary sources Deck (21)
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1

Nausicaa

Silk: "transient"
"playful romantic interlude"

Jenkyns: "blend of the elevated and everyday"

2

Arete

Chrystal:
"active and integral"
"free to come and go as they please"

3

Eurycleia

McDonald: "even the salves are noblemen who have come on hard times"

4

Circe

Doherty: female characters as narrators are more powerful than the listener

5

Athene

Jenkyns: "sexless affection"
"interesting characters"

6

Power of women

Wilson: "deep male fears about female power"

Griffin: "to men, women are inscrutable"

7

Penelope (strong)

Slatkin: "not lesser than her husband... they share their ingenuity (metis)"

Griffin: contrast between her and Clytemnestra "repeatedly emphasised"

8

Penelope (marriage)

Wilson: "defined exclusively by her marital status"

Graziosi: "above all famous for her role as the faithful wife"

Griffin: marriage bed is a symbol of the "solidity of their relationship"

9

Penelope (elusive)

Graziosi: "Homer tells us little about her thoughts, her motives are mysterious"

10

Slaves as simple characters

Thalmann:
"viewed from above and characterised"
--> sharply opposed in to good and bad

"dangerous element lurking in the very foundation of the oikos"

11

Status of slaves

Halverson: "these are the people who do not count"

12

importance of slaves

Jenkyns:
"prominence even to slaves and beggars"
--> Eumeaus and Eurclyeia both have recognition scenes

13

blending of fantasy and supernatural

Jones: "what is extraordinary is the way in which these worlds are... so effortlessly blended"

14

Role of Phaeacia

Segal "fantasy realm"
"share in the suffering mortality... trouble and uncertainty"

15

Dreams

Gregory:
"sent by a god to distress"
Or "waking visions"

16

purpose of the epic

Davenport: "triumph of mind over force"

camps: vast range of characters from all parts of society

17

heroism in the epic

Griffin: "tension between the two types of heroism"

Bowra: "faced not by his equals but by his inferiors or by monsters"

18

Speech in the epic

Griffin: "different style and vocabulary from the epic"

"judgments of the characters through their words and interactions"

19

epithets in the epic

Rieu: "remind us of the permanent, external qualities of people"

20

similes in the epic

Camps: "40 extended similes"

Morrison: "figures in the Agamemnon story as role models"

21

Nostos

Nagy: "becomes a hero because he manages to get home"

Kahane: "reassertion of control" "Union of male and female"