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Flashcards in more Odyssey secondary sources Deck (16)
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1

weak gods

Hastings: "utterly human"
"subject to the whims of fate"

2

powerful gods

Johnson: "major role in shaping the plot"

3

gods relations with humans

Jones: "help only those who are worthy"
Athene is a "surrogate father for Telemachus"

4

Telemachus

Smith: "Weak and powerless" to "slay one of his tormenters"

Jones: "learns from what other heroes have to tell him"

5

Odysseus' shortcomings

Clarke: "dangerous extremes of anger, passion and recklessness"

Hall: "discerning eye of the colonist"
"strictly heterosexual"
"only deficiency might be his fatherhood"

6

Odysseus' verbal skills

Clayton: "lack of physical impressiveness"

Silk: "most heroic quality is his cunning" "polutropos"

7

Odysseus' kleos

Clarke: "driven to action by a need for social validation"

8

Greek view of Odysseus

Jones: "disguises and deceptions are all means to a justifiable and suitably heroic end"

9

Roman view of Odysseus

Jenkyns: "relies on trickery at times rather than outright bravery"

10

Odysseus is not Achilles

Graziosi: "comic character, a tragic character, a stoic sage and a villain"

11

shortcomings of Odysseus' disguises

Murnaghan "could not be sustained for a long time successfully without Athene's help"

12

what xenia reveals about civilisation

Goldhill: "way of judging the different societies"
"develop the characters"

Morrison: "in Pylos... we find a household obviously in fine order"

13

what xenia reveals about contemporaries

Reece: "formulaic" and "familiar" rules mocked by Polyphemus

Goldhill: "essential functioning of ancient society"

14

modern reaction to revenge

Stanton: "may have seen Odysseus' killing of the suitors as just, whereas we may see it as murder"

15

revenge is taken too far

Stanton: "personal anger and retribution"

Graziosi: "only the crew of one ship who ate the sacred cattle"

16

justification of revenge

Morrison: "terrible guests and clearly violate the codes of xenia"

Jones: "minimal sympathy for them overall"
"divine warnings"

Stanton: "Suitors deaths are sanctioned by Zeus"