Flashcards in Ophthalmic Deck (29)
What are agents that dilate the pupil called?
What are agents that cause paralysis of accommodation?
What is an agent that causes pupillary constriction?
What is seen with fluorescein dye in herpes keratitis?
What are three pharm interventions for keratoconjunctivitis sicca?
Oral omega-6 FA
What is the MOA for decongestants in regard to conjunctivitis?
Constrict dilated arterioles of conjunctiva
Mild tx for allergic conjunctivitis includes: cool compress, antihistimine/decongestant, and lubricant. What does moderate and severe tx add?
Mod.: mast cell stabilizer
Sev.: steroid, NSAID, mast cell stabilizer
What are three decongestants used to constrict dilated arterioles of the conjunctiva?
What are two decongestant/antihistamine combinations?
What are three antihistamines used to block H1 receptor sites for conjunctivitis?
What are three Mast Cell Stabilizers used in conjunctivitis?
What NSAIDS are used for conjunctivitis?
What are the two drugs of choice for bacterial conjunctivitis?
For more severe infections of bacterial conjunctivitis what are the drugs of choice?
What are three Aminoglycosides used topically to treat conjunctivitis?
What are four Fluoroquinolones (broad spectrum antibiotics) used topically to treat conjunctivitis?
What treatment is indicated for confirmed gonococcal or chlamydial disease in the eye?
What topical antibiotic treatment is primarily reserved for prophylaxis of neonatal gonococcal and chlamydial infection?
What is the drug of choice for the treatment of HSV keratitis?
Trifluridine topical solution
What are three options for treating Cytomegalovirus keratoconjunctivitis?
What is the first line of therapy (category) for primary open-angle glaucoma?
For the treatment of glaucoma what beta blockers are nonspecific? (3)
For the treatment of glaucoma what beta blockers is relatively B-1 specific?
What is the advantage of Timolol and levobunolol (nonspecifics) over Betaxolol (B-1)?
They are more effective at lowering IOP
What beta blocker used for glaucoma is nonspecific with partial beta agonist activity?
What is the #1 prescribed prostaglandin analog used for glaucoma?
What is the primary alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used for glaucoma?
What are three carbonic anhydrase inhibitors used for glaucoma?