Ophthalmology terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ophthalmology terms Deck (96):
1

amblyopia

reduced visual acquity, uncorrectabloe with lenses, no anatomical defect (lazy eye)

2

reduced visual acquity, uncorrectabloe with lenses, no anatomical defect (lazy eye)

amblyopia

3

anisocoria

unequal pupil size

4

unequal pupil size

anisocoria

5

anisometropia

different refractory errors in each eye

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different refractory errors in each eye

anisometropia

7

aphakia

having no lens

8

having no lens

aphakia

9

blepharitis

inflamed lids

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inflamed lids

blepharitis

11

chemosis

conjunctival oedema

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conjunctival oedema

chemosis

13

cycloplegia

cilliary muscle paralysis preventing accommodation

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cilliary muscle paralysis preventing accommodation

cyclopegia

15

dacryocystitis

inflammation of the lacrimal sac

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inflammation of the lacrimal sac

dacryocystitis

17

ectropion

eversion of lids (especially ther lower one)

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eversion of lids (especially ther lower one)

ectropion

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entropion

inversion of lids (lashes often end up irritating the eyeball)

20

inversion of lids (lashes often end up irritating the eyeball)

entropion

21

epiphora

passive overflow of tears onto cheek

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passive overflow of tears onto cheek

epiphora

23

keratomalacia

softening of the cornea

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softening of the cornea

keratomalacia

25

miotic

agent that causes pupil constriction e.g. pilocarpine

26

pillocarpine

miotic agent (pupil constricting)

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mydratic

agent that causes pupil dilatation e.g. tropicamide

28

tropicamide

anticholinergic, mydratic agent (pupil dilating)

29

papillitis

inflammation of the optic nerve head

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inflammation of the optic nerve head

papillitis

31

presbyopia

age-related reduced near acquity due to failing acommodation (lens inflexibility)

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age-related reduced near acquity due to failing acommodation (lens inflexibility)

presbyopia

33

pterygium

wing shaped degenerative conjunctival condition

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wing shaped degenerative conjunctival condition

pterygium

35

scotoma

defect causing part of the visual field to go missing

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defect causing part of the visual field to go missing

scotoma

37

strabismus

squint

38

squint

strabismus

39

optotype

each individual letter/picture of a Snellen chart

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each individual letter/picture of a Snellen chart

optotype

41

scotoma

vision loss within visual field

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vision loss within visual field

scotoma

43

synechiae

when the iris adheres to the cornea (anterior) or the lens (posterior) causing an irregular pupil

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when the iris adheres to the cornea (anterior) or the lens (posterior) causing an irregular pupil

synechiae

45

iridectomy/iridotomy

laser for acute angle closure glaucoma

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laser for acute angle closure glaucoma

iridectomy/iridotomy

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torsional diplopia

images oblique to one another

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images oblique to one another

torsional diplopia

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esotropia

one eye looking in

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one eye looking in

esotropia

51

exotropia

one eye looking out

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one eye looking out

exotropia

53

hypertropia

one eye looking up

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one eye looking up

hypertropia

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hypotropia

one eye looking down

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one eye looking down

hypotropia

57

phenylephrine

sympathomimetic, for mydriasis

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sympathomimetic, for mydriasis

phenylephrine

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anticholinergic, mydratic agent

tropicamide

60

photopsia

flashes of light

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flashes of light

photopsia

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stereopsis

perception of depth

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perception of depth

stereopsis

64

rubeosis

new blood vessel formation on the iris

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new blood vessel formation on the iris

rubeosis

66

hypopyon

pus/inflammatory cells in the anterior chamber

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pus/inflammatory cells in the anterior chamber

hypopyon

68

prometacaine

local anaesthetic

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local anaesthetic

prometacaine or oxybuprocaine

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oxybuprocaine

local anaesthetic

71

fluorescein

visualised with blue light for corneal damage/pathology

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visualised with blue light for corneal damage/pathology

fluorescein

73

cyclopentolate

used in paediatrics for mydrasis, causes temporary cyclopegia

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used in paediatrics for mydrasis, causes temporary cyclopegia

cyclopentolate

75

chalazion

blocked meibomian gland or gland of Zeis

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blocked meibomian gland or gland of Zeis

chalazion

77

cystoid macular oedema

fluid behind retina at fovea as seen by OCT

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fluid behind retina at fovea as seen by OCT

cystoid macular oedema

79

post-capsule opacification

complication of cataract surgery, requires laser treatment

80

complication of cataract surgery, requires laser treatment

post-capsule opacification

81

OD

oculus dexter, right eye

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oculus dexter, right eye

OD

83

OS

oculus sinister, left eye

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oculus sinister, left eye

OS

85

leukocoria

absence of a red reflex

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absence of a red reflex

leukocoria

87

leukocoria aka

cats eye reflex

88

cats eye reflex aka

leukocoria

89

heterochromia iridium

difference in iris colouration between eyes

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difference in iris colouration between eyes

heterochromia iridium

91

Marcus-Gunn pupil

RAPD

92

Holmes-Adie's pupil

dilated pupil which poorly reacts to direct light, slowly reacts to accommodation

93

Argyll Robertson pupil

constricted pupil that doesn't respond to light, responds to accommodation (ARP accommodation reactive pupil)

94

RAPD pupil is called

Marcus-Gunn pupil

95

dilated pupil which poorly reacts to direct light, slowmy reacts to accommodation is called

Holmes-Adie's pupil

96

constricted pupil that doesn't respond to light, responds to accommodation

Argyll Robertson pupil