Ophthalmology terms Flashcards Preview

Medicine > Ophthalmology terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ophthalmology terms Deck (91):
1

amblyopia

reduced visual acquity, uncorrectabloe with lenses, no anatomical defect (lazy eye)

2

reduced visual acquity, uncorrectabloe with lenses, no anatomical defect (lazy eye)

amblyopia

3

anisocoria

unequal pupil size

4

unequal pupil size

anisocoria

5

anisometropia

different refractory errors in each eye

6

different refractory errors in each eye

anisometropia

7

aphakia

having no lens

8

having no lens

aphakia

9

blepharitis

inflamed lids

10

inflamed lids

blepharitis

11

chemosis

conjunctival oedema

12

conjunctival oedema

chemosis

13

cycloplegia

cilliary muscle paralysis preventing accommodation

14

cilliary muscle paralysis preventing accommodation

cyclopegia

15

dacryocystitis

inflammation of the lacrimal sac

16

inflammation of the lacrimal sac

dacryocystitis

17

ectropion

eversion of lids (especially ther lower one)

18

eversion of lids (especially ther lower one)

ectropion

19

entropion

inversion of lids (lashes often end up irritating the eyeball)

20

inversion of lids (lashes often end up irritating the eyeball)

entropion

21

epiphora

passive overflow of tears onto cheek

22

passive overflow of tears onto cheek

epiphora

23

keratomalacia

softening of the cornea

24

softening of the cornea

keratomalacia

25

miotic

agent that causes pupil constriction e.g. pilocarpine

26

pillocarpine

miotic agent (pupil constricting)

27

mydratic

agent that causes pupil dilatation e.g. tropicamide

28

tropicamide

mydratic agent (pupil dilating)

29

papillitis

inflammation of the optic nerve head

30

inflammation of the optic nerve head

papillitis

31

presbyopia

age-related reduced near acquity due to failing acommodation (lens inflexibility)

32

age-related reduced near acquity due to failing acommodation (lens inflexibility)

presbyopia

33

pterygium

wing shaped degenerative conjunctival condition

34

wing shaped degenerative conjunctival condition

pterygium

35

scotoma

defect causing part of the visual field to go missing

36

defect causing part of the visual field to go missing

scotoma

37

strabismus

squint

38

squint

strabismus

39

optotype

each individual letter/picture of a Snellen chart

40

each individual letter/picture of a Snellen chart

optotype

41

scotoma

vision loss within visual field

42

vision loss within visual field

scotoma

43

synechiae

when the iris adheres to the cornea (anterior) or the lens (posterior) causing an irregular pupil

44

when the iris adheres to the cornea (anterior) or the lens (posterior) causing an irregular pupil

synechiae

45

iridectomy/iridotomy

laser for acute angle closure glaucoma

46

laser for acute angle closure glaucoma

iridectomy/iridotomy

47

torsional diplopia

images oblique to one another

48

images oblique to one another

torsional diplopia

49

esotropia

one eye looking in

50

one eye looking in

esotropia

51

exotropia

one eye looking out

52

one eye looking out

exotropia

53

hypertropia

one eye looking up

54

one eye looking up

hypertropia

55

hypotropia

one eye looking down

56

one eye looking down

hypotropia

57

phenylephrine

sympathomimetic, for mydriasis

58

sympathomimetic, for mydriasis

phenylephrine

59

tropicamide

anticholinergic, for mydriasis

60

anticholinergic, for mydriasis

tropicamide

61

photopsia

flashes of light

62

flashes of light

photopsia

63

stereopsis

perception of depth

64

perception of depth

stereopsis

65

rubeosis

new blood vessel formation on the iris

66

new blood vessel formation on the iris

rubeosis

67

hypopyon

pus/inflammatory cells in the anterior chamber

68

pus/inflammatory cells in the anterior chamber

hypopyon

69

prometacaine

local anaesthetic

70

local anaesthetic

prometacaine or oxybuprocaine

71

oxybuprocaine

local anaesthetic

72

fluorescein

visualised with blue light for corneal damage/pathology

73

visualised with blue light for corneal damage/pathology

fluorescein

74

cyclopentolate

used in paediatrics for mydrasis, causes temporary cyclopegia

75

used in paediatrics for mydrasis, causes temporary cyclopegia

cyclopentolate

76

chalazion

blocked meibomian gland or gland of Zeis

77

blocked meibomian gland or gland of Zeis

chalazion

78

cystoid macular oedema

fluid behind retina at fovea as seen by OCT

79

fluid behind retina at fovea as seen by OCT

cystoid macular oedema

80

post-capsule opacification

complication of cataract surgery, requires laser treatment

81

complication of cataract surgery, requires laser treatment

post-capsule opacification

82

OD

oculus dexter, right eye

83

oculus dexter, right eye

OD

84

OS

oculus sinister, left eye

85

oculus sinister, left eye

OS

86

leukocoria

absence of a red reflex

87

absence of a red reflex

leukocoria

88

leukocoria aka

cats eye reflex

89

cats eye reflex aka

leukocoria

90

heterochromia iridium

difference in iris colouration between eyes

91

difference in iris colouration between eyes

heterochromia iridium