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What are the six articles of faith?

  1. The unity of Allah (Tawhid)
  2. Belief in Angels
  3. Books of Allah
  4. Faith in prophets
  5. Belief in the day of Judgement and life after death
  6. Belief in Allah's decree and predestination


What is Tawhid?

There is only one God - Allah 


What do they believe about angels? (Malaikah)

  • Only angels can bring the word of Allah to man. The Angel Jibril (Gabriel) communicated the Qur'an to Muhammad.


What do they believe about the books of Allah?

  • The Qur'an is the most important book in Islam

  • Qur'an as a word means recitation.

  • This is because originally it was spoken and shared orally.

  • Only later was it written down.


What do they believe about the prophets?

  • Muhammad is the most important prophet. His name means Highly Praised.
  • Muslims believe that Muhammad received God’s final revelation to mankind.


What do they believe about the Day of Judgement?

The good will be sent to paradise and the wicked to hell.


What do they believe about Allah?

Every event is controlled by God. 


What do Shi'ah Muslims believe about Tawhid?

God is not made up of parts. He is one. 


What do Shi'ah Muslims believe about Nubuwwah (Prophethood)?

They accept the truth of Muhammad's prophecies. 


What do Shi'ah Muslims believe about 'Adl (Divine Justice)?

Allah is just and can do no wrong. Humans are accountable to God.


What similarities are there between Sunni and Shi'a Beliefs?

  • Both believe in the absolute unity of Allah.
  • Both believe that Muhammad is Allah’s prophet.
  • Both believe that a day will come where all are judged and the righteous go to heaven and the bad to hell.


What are the key differences between Sunni and Shi'a Beliefs?

  • Sunni Muslims believe that Muhammad alone was given knowledge from Allah, so Muslims must emulate the life of the Prophet
  • Shi’a Muslims believe that Allah gave knowledge to the first caliph, ‘Ali, and that this knowledge has been passed down from imam to imam.


What are Sunni Muslims?

  • Sunni Muslims are the largest denomination of Islam.
  • In the Sunni traditions, the Imam is the prayer leader and the Khalifah is a political head of state.
  • Sunni's believe that the leaders following Muhammad should be elected.
  • Abu Bakr (a friend of Muhammad) was the first caliph (Khalifah).


Who are Shi'ah Muslims?

  • Shi'a's are a smaller group than Sunnis.
  • Shi'a Muslims believe that the leader should be from Muhammad's family. 
  • Ali, the fourth Sunni Caliph, is seen as the first Shi'i Imam and the only legitimate leader, appointed by Muhammad.
  • When Ali died in 661CE the imamate was passed down through succession.


How do Muslims acknowledge that God is the greatest being?

  • Muslims acknowledge this idea in prayer and throughout the day each time they say “Allah Akbar”, which means "God is the greatest".


How many names do Muslims have for God?

  • There are 99 names for God.



Why do Muslims have more than one name for God?

  • Each name reveals something different about Allah.
  • Muslims try and learn all these names so that they can better understand Allah.


Name three qualities of Allah

  1. omnipotent (all-powerful)
  2. omniscient (all-knowing)
  3. omnipresent (everywhere at the same time)


What do Muslims believe about Allah and justice?

  • Allah is just and beneficent (Adalat).
  • Allah judges all people.
  • In daily prayers, Muslims refer to God as merciful. God understands human suffering and knows how difficult it is to live according to God’s demands.



What do Muslims believe about Allah's presence in the world?

  • Allah is both immanent and transcendent
  • Although Muslims believe that God is the greatest, He is also close to his people.
  • The way to describe this is to say that God is immanent (near) and also transcendent (beyond this world).
  • Only God can be both at once.
  • God is not restricted or limited by the physical world.


What does the word Islam mean?

  • The word Islam means obedience.
  • Muslims believe that they should peacefully surrender to the will of Allah in their lives and that following the will of Allah will bring peace.


What does the word Allah mean?

  • God is One and only.
  • There is nothing else like God.
  • No one can picture God and there is nothing to compare Him to.


How do Muslims express their belief that there is only one God?

  • The Shahadah.
  • They say “There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet.”


Why are there no images of Allah?

  • In a Mosque, there are no images of Allah.
  • Believing in more than one God is a big sin.
  • This is the only sin that Allah will not forgive.
  • It is disrespectful



What do Muslims say before doing something and why?

  • Muslims will say ‘Inshallah’, which means God willing.
  • They are hoping that what they want to do is also the will of God, which would mean that it is a good thing for them to be doing.


What do Muslims say about Muhammad in the Shahadah?

  • The 2nd half of the Shahadah says that Muhammad is God’s prophet.
  • Muhammad should NOT be confused with Allah.
  • Muhammad is respected as a prophet but not worshipped.



Why are Angels important?

  •  They are the only beings who can receive the word of God directly.
  • Angels are one of the main six articles of faith for Sunni Muslims.


How do angels interract with humans?

  • Angels are fully involved in the lives of humans.
  • They can communicate with humans.
  • They can appear like humans if they are being sent with a message from Allah.
  • This happened to Ibrahim (Abraham) and Maryam (Mary)


Who is the angel Jibril?

  • Jibril, who is known to Christians and Jews as Gabriel or Gavriel.
  • He is the most trusted angel to bring God’s message to people and in particular to Muhammad.
  • Jibril communicated God’s words (the Qur’an) to Muhammad.


Who is the angel Mik'ail?

  • Mik'ail, known to Christians and Jews as Michael.
  • Angel of mercy who rewards good people for their behaviour on earth.
  • He's also tasked with sending blessings in the form of rain, lightning and thunder.