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What is liturgical worship?

  • Liturgical worship is worship which is set. The order of worship is usually printed.
  • It is the most common worship form for Catholics and Protestants.
  • Catholics celebrate the Eucharist almost every day because it is such an important source of grace. 
  • Most Protestants only celebrate on Sundays or as little as once a month. 
  • Some groups do not celebrate at all.


What is informal worship?

  • Worship which is not set and is usually not as concrete.
  • It is an informal kind of worship.
  • It typically consists of hymns, prayers and preaching.


How do some Christians use prayer books to worship?

  • The Church of England services follow the 1662 Book of Common Prayer or the 2000 Common Worship.
  • Morning and Evening prayer is included in these works and is an important source of worship


What is the importance of Prayer?

•This is how Christians communicate with God.

•Christians can pray on their own (private) or as a congregation (public)

•Christians can use formulaic prayers. These are prayers which are set and have been passed down. E.G the Our Father, Hail Mary and Glory Be.

•Or they might make up their own prayer. This is extempore prayer. These are spontaneous prayers.


What is the Lords Prayer?

  • Jesus taught it to his disciples.
  • It is a model for prayer because it contains Adoration, Confession, Thanksgiving and Supplication (ACTS)


What do the prayer types ACTS stand for?


It means worship. Christians praise God for what he has done.


Telling God what you have done wrong and asking for forgiveness.


Being thankful to God.


Praying for your own needs and the needs of others.


When do Christians pray?

  • Before important moments
  • At all times 'Pray constantly' (St Paul)
  • At particular moments which are set aside


What is formal prayer?

  • Prayer using formula and words from Church Tradition
  • E.G. The Lord’s Prayer, the Hail Mary etc.


What is extempore prayer?

Prayer which is informal using a person's own words without planning or preparation. 


What do Christians think about praying in private?

  • Matthew says prayer should not be done for show, but should be heartfelt and something which seeks a deeper relationship with God.
  • 'Go into your room and shut the door and pray to your father who is in secret'


What is popular piety?

  • A form of devotion.
  • It refers to forms of worship or prayer that are inspired by culture rather than the liturgical worship of the church E.G the rosary. 


What is a Sacrament?

  • An outward sign of an inward grace. 
  • Christians believe while Jesus was on earth everything, he did was a visible sign of God's love. 
  • We can connect with this through the Sacraments. 


How do the Sacraments help us experience God?

  • They experience Gods nourishing, forgiving, healing and strengthening power in a special way.
  • It helps them build their relationship with God and become more like Jesus. 


What are the 7 Sacraments of the Catholic Church?

  1. Baptism
  2. Penance/Reconciliation/Confession
  3. Holy Communion/Eucharist
  4. Confirmation
  5. Holy Orders
  6. Marriage
  7. Anointing of the Sick


What are the 3 Sacraments of Protestant Churches?

  1. Baptism
  2. Confirmation
  3. Eucharist/Holy Communion

  • They have marriage but do not see it as a sacrament


What are the sacraments of the Salvation Army or the Society of friends?

  • They don't have any
  • They believe these kinds of actions are internal spiritual experiences
  • They have marriage but do not see it as a sacrament


What is Baptism?

  • It is the first step in the lifelong journey of commitment and discipleship
  • water is poured on the babies head and the priest says:
    'I baptise you in the name of the father, the son and the Holy Spirit'


What is the meaning and significance of baptism?

  • The person baptised becomes part of the family of God.
  • Baptism takes away original sin and gives new life with the Holy Sprit


What is confirmation?

  • The person chooses to continue their faith
  • Confirmation is done when Christians are older.
  • It is usually given by the bishop
  • The bishop lays his hands on the persons head and anoints them with oil


What is the meaning and significance of confirmation?

  • It completes the sacrament of baptism
  • It gives the strength to follow Jesus and become more involved in the mission he left to the church. 


What is Eucharist/Holy Communion?

  • At the last supper Jesus took bread and wine and asked his followers to re-enact the meal when they come together.
  • Christians receive the bread and wine at mass. 


What is the meaning and significance of Eucharist/Holy Communion?

  • It is both a sacrifice and a meal
  • They believe in the real presence of Jesus who died for our sins.
  • They receive his body and blood and are fed spiritually. 


What are the different attitudes to the Eucharist/Holy Communion throughout Christianity?

  • The bread and wine is significant to all Christians - it is their spiritual food which is needed
  • Catholics believe the bread and wine become the actual body and blood of Jesus (transubstantiation)
  • Most Protestant churches believe that the bread and wine is symbolic of the body and blood and Jesus' presence is a spiritual one.
  • Baptists and Pentecostals think that the Communion service is an act of remembrance.


What do Baptists believe about baptism?

  • They practice a 'believers' baptism
  • They will have a dedication for their babies - but they will not be baptised
  • The person who is baptised will be baptised when they are adults - they can choose it for themselves
  • They talk about how they came to believe in Christ as their Lord and Saviour


Why is baptism important for Baptists?

  • It signifies the end of their old life outside the Church of being born again to new life in Christ
  • During baptism, God's presence and blessing come upon them
  • They make a personal commitment of faith in Jesus as Lord
  • It is a moment when they receive God's Spirit for service in the Church and in the world


What is a pilgrimage?

A journey toward heaven and a special occasion when Christians can renew prayer.


Where are some places Christians might go on pilgrimage?

  • Walsingham
  • Lourdes
  • The Holy land


Why might Christians go on pilgrimage to Walsingham?

  • Walsingham was the site at which a noblewoman had a vision of the Virgin Mary.
  • She was told to build a copy of the house of the Holy Family in Nazareth.
  • This was to honour 'The Annunciation'
  • 1897 saw the restoration of the 'sliper chapel' where pilgrims used to rest on their way to Walsingham.
  • In 1931, the Anglican shrine was built very close to the 11th century one.


What happens at Walsingham?

  • There are masses every day
  • There is a national pilgrimage every year when pilgrims walk slowly to the shrine


Why might Christians go to Jerusalem?

  • It is where Jesus taught, was arrested, tried, crucified and buried.
  • The resurrection and ascension also took place in Jerusalem. 
  • Pilgrims visit these sites as well as many churches, including the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and the Church of the Dormition.