Organization of the Abdomen: Vasculature Flashcards Preview

MSS - GI Exam 1 > Organization of the Abdomen: Vasculature > Flashcards

Flashcards in Organization of the Abdomen: Vasculature Deck (100)
Loading flashcards...
1

abdominopelvic cavity

bound by MSK components of abdominal wall, thoracoabdominal diaphragm and pelvic diaphragm

contains peritoneum, peritoneal cavity, and abdominopelvic viscera

2

peritoneum

has visceral and parietal layer

visceral on organs
parietal on body wall

3

deep to subserous fascia?

parietal layer

4

peritoneal cavity

space in between visceral and parietal layers

5

peritonealized organ

one completey covered in visceral peritoneum

stomach, spleen, 1 and 4 of duodenum, jejunum, ileum, transverse and sogmoid colon

6

mesentery

double layer of peritoneum where visceral becomes continuous with the parietal layers

7

parietal peritoneum

has lots of pain fibers

inflammation is very painful

8

primary retroperitoneal organs

posterior to peritoneum
-no mesentery

kidneys, ureters, suprarenal gland

9

secondary retroperitoneal organs

during early development, organ was peritonealized and associated with a mesentery

mesentery pushed against posterior body and fused with surrounding parietal peritoneum

most of duodenum, ascending and descending colon, pancreas

10

gut tube development

initially is all invested in peritoneum
-during development, some of the gut pushed up against the posterior body wall

-mesentery then fuses with posterior body wall
-have a posterior fusion fascia

11

peritonitis

inflammation of peritoneum
-well localized

12

innervation of parietal peritoneum

somatic innervation
-same nerves that innervate the body wall
-sensitive to heat, cold, pressure, laceration

13

innervation of visceral peritoneum

autonomic innervation
-pain not well localized
-registers information about stretch and chemical irritation

14

PERITONEAL ADHESIONS

-

15

-

-

16

-

-

17

peritoneal dialysis

-

18

-

-

19

-

-

20

mesenteries?

double layer of peritoneum
-pathway for blood vessels, lymphatics, and nerves to organs

dorsal and ventral mesentery

21

liver

forms inside a mesentery

22

falciform ligament

liver to anterior body wall
-contains ligamentum teres hepatis

23

ligamentum teres hepatis

aka round ligament of the liver

obliterated part of the umbilical vein

24

coronary ligaments

peritoneal attachment of liver to inferior surface of diaphragm
-left and right, anterior and posterior portions

25

lesser omentum

lesser curvature of stomach/duodenum to liver

hepatogastric and hepatoduodenal ligaments

26

hepatogastric ligament

-

27

hepatoduodenal ligament

-

28

triangular ligament

-

29

-

-

30

-

-