Exam 1 Comprehensive Review Flashcards Preview

MSS - GI Exam 1 > Exam 1 Comprehensive Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Comprehensive Review Deck (353)
Loading flashcards...
1

xiphoid

T10

2

umbilicus

IV disc LV3-4

3

linea semilunares

lateral rectus sheath

4

9 regions of abdomen

epigastric, umbilicus, pubic
L/R - hypochondriac, lateral, inguinal

5

planes of 9 regions

2 vertical midclavicular
subcostal LV3, transtubercular LV5

6

transpyloric

LV1

7

subcostal

LV3

8

transumbilical

LV3/4

9

supracristal

LV4

10

transtubercular

LV5

11

interspinous

SV1

12

kidney location

in upper quadrants

13

bony structures of abdominal wall

LV1-5
ribs 7-12
pelvic girdle
sternum

14

deep fascia layers

transversalis
subserous
peritoneum

15

superficial layers

campers fatty
scarpas membranous

scarpas to fundiform ligament**

16

arcuate line

where rectus sheath changes

above - internal oblique splits to AP
below - all 3 layers A and transversalis P

17

attachment external abdominal oblique

O: outer surface ribs 5-12
I: anterior iliac crest, aponeurosis to linea alba

18

action external abdominal oblique

flex vertebral column, compress abdomen, lateral flexion and rotation OPPOSITE

19

innervation of external abdominal oblique

intercostal
subcostal
iliohypogastric

20

attachment of internal abdominal oblique

O: thoracolumbar fascia, A iliac crest, lateral inguinal ligament
I: inferior border ribs 9-12, aponeurosis to linea alba

21

action of internal abdominal oblique

flex vertebral column, compress abdomen, lateral flexion and rotation SAME

22

innervation of internal abdominal oblique

intercostal
subcostal
iliohypogastric
ilioinguinal

23

cremaster muscle

from internal abdominal oblique

24

attachments of transversus abdominus

O: inner surface ribs 7-12, thoracolumbar fascia, anterior iliac crest, lateral inguinal ligament
I: aponeurosis to linea alba

25

action of transversus abdominus

compress abdomen

26

innervation of transversus abdominus

intercostal
subcostal
iliohypogastric
ilioinguinal

27

attachments of rectus abdominus

O: pubic symphysis and crest
I: costal cartilage 5-7, xiphoid

28

action of rectus abdominus

flex vertebral column

29

innervation of rectus abdominus

ventral rami T6-12
intercostal
subcostal

30

attachments of pyramidalis

O: pubic bone; out to rectus abdominus
I: linea alba