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Flashcards in Ortho Deck (11):
1

with fractures, you should worry about ____.

compartment syndrome

2

splints help to prevent _____.

fat emboli and muscle spasm

3

most important thing : neurovascular checks! what are neurovascular checks?

pulses
color
movement
sensation
capillary refill
tempature

4

with what type of fractures do you see fat embolism in?

long bones (femur)
pelvic fractures
crushing injuries

(same fractures that can lead to shock)

5

what people tend to get fat emboli?

what is the time frame for fat emboli?

young males because they tend to be more risk takers

first 36 hours

6

compartment syndrome

increased pressure within a limited space

7

what does traction do?

decreases muscle spasms, reduces and immobilizes

8

what is skin traction used for?

used for short term to relieve muscle spasm and immobilze until surgery.

most common- bucks

9

which type of traction is used for prolonged traction is needed?

skeletal traction

steinman pins, crutchfield, gardner-well tongs and halo vest

10

with total hip replacement, what exercise can the client do while still confined to the bed?

isometric

11

with positioning of total hip replacement, you want____ of the hip. you dont have ___ of the hip

abduction or adduction

extension
flexion
you want ABduction (legs apart) to keep the hip in the socket.