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Flashcards in Other Bacteria Deck (69):
0

Enumerate the Zoonoses

Bugs From Your Pets
Brucella abortus
Francisella tularensis
Yersinia pestis
Pasteurella multocida

1

Undulating fever

Brucellosis from contaminated dairy
Brucella abortus

2

Treatment for undulating fever

Doxycycline plus rifampin

3

Tularemia

Francisella tularensis

4

DOC for Francisella tularensis

Streptomycin or Gentsmicin

5

Transmission of Tularemia

Ticks

6

Most virulent bacteria causing bubonic pneumonic septicemic plague

Yersinia pestis

7

Reservoir of Yersinia pestis

Rodents

8

Transmission of Yersinia pestis

Flea bite
Inhalation

9

DOC for Yersinia pestis

Streptomycin and Tetracycline

10

Infections from animal bites

Pasteurella multocida

11

DOC for Infections from animal bites

Penicillin g

12

Characterized as buttered colonies with musty odor due to indole production

Infections from animal bites

13

An enyme that produces light from fireflies, for drug resistance in mycobacterium tuberculosis

Luciferase - luciferase assay

14

Prevents phagosome lysosomal fusion/intercellular digestion in mycobacterium tuberculosis

Sulfatides (exported repetitive protein)

15

Most imporatant virulence factor in Mycobacterium tuberculosis

COrd factor that prevents leukocyte migration

16

Elicits delayed hypersensitivity in Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Tuberculin surface protein

17

It is a granuloma surrounded by fibrous tissue that has undergone central caseation

Tubercle

18

Radiologically detectable calcification in Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Rankes complex

19

Reactivation TB

Simons focus
Usually in apices

20

Great mimicker of TB

Paragonimus
Histoplasma capsulatum

21

Other uses of BCG aside from TB prevention

Threatment for Urinary Bladder Cancer

22

Cause pulmonary disease in immunocompromised hosts

Mycobacterium avium intacellulare complex

23

DOC for Mycobacterium avium intacellulare complex

Azithromycin

24

Reservoir of M laprae

Humans
Armadillos

25

Treatment for Tuberculoid Leprosy

Dapsone
Rifampin

26

Treatment for Lepromatous Leprosy

Dapsone
Rifampin
Clofazimine

27

Treatment for erythema nodosum Leprosum

Thalidomide - Phocomelia

28

Hard nontender swelling with sinus tracts draining sulfur granules

Actinomycosis

29

DOC of Actinomycosis

Penicillin G and drainage

30

Fast used in Nocardia asteroides

Fite faraco stain
Also used in leprosy

31

Aerobic filamentous gram positive rods with aerial hyphae

Nocardia asteroides

32

Manifests as mycetomas with lung and brain abscess

Nocardiosis

33

DOC for Nocardiosis

TMP SMX and drainage

34

Antibiotics for Actinomycetes

Sulfa for Nocardia
Actinomyces, use Penicillin

SN AP

35

Most common type of atypical pneumonia

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

36

MCC infectious of SJS

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

37

DOC for Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Erythromycin
Azithromycin

38

Treponema pallidum cannot be cultured in vitro because?

Lacks of tricarboxylic acid cycle

39

Lesions in syphilis
Primary
Secondary
Tertiary

Primary Chancre
Secondary Condyloma lata
Tertiary Gummas / Granulomas

40

Hutchinson triad

Hutchinson teeth
Deafness
Keratitis

Congenital syphilis

41

In Congenital syphilis, this is a unilateral enlargement of sternoclavicular portion of the clavicle resulting in detachment

Higoumenakis sign

42

Detection of primary and secondary syphilis

Primary dark field microscopy
Secondary vdrl/rpr for screening fta-abs for confirmation

43

Treatment for Syphilis

Penicillin G

44

A hypersensitivity reaction causing influenza like symptoms few hours after receiving Penicillin due to lysis of Treponemes

Jarisch Herxheimer reaction

45

Reservoirs of Borrelia burgdorferi

White footed mouse
White footed deer

46

Transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi

Deer ticks
Also in Babesia microtii

47

Stages of Lyme Disease

Stage 1 erythema chronicum migrans
2 myocarditis av block, meningitis, bells palsy
3 autoimmune migratory polyarthritis (onion skin lesions) acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans

BAKE a Lyme pie

48

Treatment for early localized or disseminated Lyme Disease

DOC doxycycline
Amox
Cefuroxime

49

Treatment for late manifstations of Lyme Disease

IV penicillin or ceftiaxone

50

Relapsing fever

Borrelia recurrentis

51

Relapsing fever is transmitted by

Human body louse (pediculus humanus)

52

Relapsing fever has rapid antigenic changes due to

Programmed rearrangements of bacterial DNA

53

DOC for Relapsing fever

Tetracycline or erythromycin

54

Shepherds crook

Leptospira interrogans

55

Gold standard in Leptospirosis

Leptospire microscopic agglutination test
1:1600

56

Most severe form of Leptospirosis

Weils disease

57

Triad of Weils disease

Jaundice
Bleeding
Uremia

58

DOC for Leptospirosis

Penicillin G

59

Chemoprophylaxis for Leptospirosis

Doxycycline

60

MCC infectious - blindness

Chlamydia trachomatis

61

Round to oval cytoplasmic inclusion bodies near the nuclei of conjunctival epithelial cells in Trachoma

Halberstadter Prowazek inclusions

62

Chronic conjunctivitis progressing to scarring blindness

C trachomatis tyoes A-C

63

Detection of Rickettsial infections

Weil felix reaction
With cross reaction with antigens of OX strains of Proteus vulgaris

64

DOC for all Rickettsial infections

Doxycycline

65

Cat scratch disease

Bartonella henselae

66

Mesenteric adenitis

Yersinia enterocolitica

67

Granuloma inguinale (Donovanosis)

Klebsiella granulomatis

68

Chancroid

Haemophilus ducreyi