Ovarian Tumors Flashcards Preview

Ch. 13 Female Genital and Gestation > Ovarian Tumors > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ovarian Tumors Deck (21):
1

Two types of surface epithelial tumors

serous and mucinous
both are usually cystic

2

BRCA1 mutations cause cancer types in these locations

breast carcinoma
ovarian: serous carcinoma, may also be in fallopian tube

3

Endometriod ovarian tumors
malginancy potential
associations

usually malignant
associated with endometriosis and endometrial cancer in the endometrium
*if you find endometrial ca in ovary, be sure to look in the endometrium

4

Brenner tumors
tissue type

bladder-type tissue

5

Ovarian tumors like to metastasize to where

peritoneum

6

Tumor marker for epithelial ovarian tumors

CA-125

7

Struma ovarii

teratoma
composed of primarily thyroid tissue

8

Immature tissue in teratomas is usually of what type

neural ectoderm

9

Most common somatic malignancy in teratomas

squamous cell carcinoma

10

Dysgerminoma is analogous to what male tumor

seminoma

11

Dysgerminoma
histology

large cells w/ clear cytoplasm

12

Endometrial sinus tumor
mimics what

mimics yolk sac

13

Endometrial sinus tumor
origin
population
histology
tumor marker

yolk sac
young women/girls
glomeruloid appearance w/ Schiller-Duval bodies
AFP (alpha feta-protein) is tumor marker

14

Choriocarcinoma
mimics
tumor marker
agressiveness

mimics placenta
hCG is tumor marker
very aggressive, placenta looks for blood vessels
*very early hematogenous spread with multiple mets

15

Embryonal carcinoma

large primitive cells
early mets

16

Granulosa-theca cell tumor
produces
Sx

produces estrogen
puberty, menorrhagia

17

Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor
histology
produces
Sx

Reinke crystals are characteristic
Sertoli and Reinke cells
hirsutism and viralization

18

Viralization definition

development of male characteristics

19

Fibroma of ovary
associations

pleural effusions
ascites

20

Krukenberg tumor

metastatic signet cell/diffuse type gastric carcinoma
mets to bilateral ovaries
often mucinous

21

Pseudomyxoma peritonei

mucinous tumor of appendix
mets to ovary
large amounts of mucin produced and put into peritoneal cavity