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Flashcards in Overview of Anatomy Deck (75):
1

Science of the structure and function of the body

Anatomy

2

Setting (structure) in which the events (functions) of life occur

Anatomy

3

The examination of structures of the human that
can be seen without a microscope (macroscopic)

Gross Anatomy

4

Study of large, easily observable structures

Gross Anatomy

5

Study of very small structures in the body with the
use of a microscope

Microscopic Anatomy

6

Provide knowledge of what lies under the skin and
what structures are perceptible to touch (palpable)
in the living body at rest and in action

Surface Anatomy

7

Study of the body’s organ system that work
together to carry out complex functions

Systemic Anatomy

8

Considers the organization of the body as major
parts or segments with attention to a specific part or
region.

Regional Anatomy

9

Study of the body using radiological imaging
(Radiographs) to view body parts internally in a
non-invasive way.

Radiographic Anatomy

10

Separating the parts of a cadaver so that they can
be studied; does not necessarily mean
slicing/cutting up a cadaver

Cadaver dissection

11

Well-established method and is the foundation of
our knowledge of anatomy

Cadaver dissection

12

study of macroscopic structure
and function of the body as it relates to the practice
of medicine and other health sciences

Clinical anatomy

13

Study of very small structures in the body with the
use of a microscope; Integrated exploration of cells, intercellular
materials and tissues

Microscopic Studies

14

refers to the body position as if the person
were standing upright with the: • Head, gaze (eyes) and toes directed anteriorly
• Arms (Upper extremities) adjacent to the sides with the
palms facing anteriorly
• Lower limbs (Lower Extremities) close together with feet
parallel facing anteriorly

Anatomical Position

15

Universal reference point; Used for anatomico-clinical descriptions worldwide

Anatomical position

16

vertical plane which passes
through the center of the body, dividing it into equal right and left halves

Median sagittal plane

17

a plane which is situated to one or
the other side of the median plane and is parallel to
it; divides the body into unequal halves.

paramedian

18

refers to the structure that is
nearer to the median plane of the body

Medial

19

refers to the structure that is farther away from the median plane

Lateral

20

a vertical plane which is perpendicular
to the median plane; divides the body into anterior and
posterior halves; “crown”

Coronal plane

21

also called as “horizontal plane” or “axial plane”; this is perpendicular to both median and coronal plane; divides the body into superior and inferior
parts

Transverse plane

22

section that runs parallel with the longitudinal axis of the body or any of its parts

Longitudinal section

23

Section that at right angles to the longitudinal section; involves the entire body or any of its parts

Transverse/cross section

24

either longitudinal nor transverse (a section by exclusion) E.g. diagonal section of the hind limb; commonly used for radiographic images

Oblique section

25

nearer the upper most part of the cranium

Superior

26

nearer the sole of foot

inferior

27

Front portion of the body

Anterior

28

Back portion of the body

Posterior

29

More commonly used term for anterior/posterior in animals; used also in referring terms in brain

Ventral and Dorsal

30

nearer the anterior part of the head

Rostral

31

nearer the midsagittal plane

Medial

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farther away from the midsagittal plane

Lateral

33

nearer to feet, closer to medial

inferomedial

34

nearer to head, farther from medial

superolateral

35

nearer to head, closer to medial

Superomedial

36

nearer to feet, farther from medial

Inferolateral

37

anterior surface of the hand

Palmar

38

posterior surface (sole) of the foot

Plantar

39

refer to the position of
a structure in relation to the skin & bones

Superficial, intermediate, deep

40

nearer to center or cavity of an organ

Internal

41

farther away from the center or cavity of an
organ

External

42

nearer the origin/attachment of the structure

Proximal

43

farther away from the origin/attachment of the
structure

Distal

44

body is lying down on his back, face directed
upward

Supine

45

person is lying on his belly, face directed
downward (body lies in horizontal position)

Prone

46

refers to tail region (coccyx in humans)

Caudal

47

refers to the cranium

Cranial

48

structure occurs on both sides, e.g. eyes,
kidneys

Bilateral

49

ccurs only in one side, e.g. spleen (left side
only)

Unilateral

50

found in the same side of the body

Ipsilateral

51

occurring on opposite side of the body

Contralateral

52

angle between two structures is decreased,
takes place in a sagittal plane

Flexion

53

angle between two structures is increased

Extension

54

angle between bones of a joint is greater than normal, that is a joint is extended beyond its normal range of motion

Hyperextension

55

movement of the trunk in the coronal plane

Lateral flexion

56

ankle’s movement (flexion) pull the toes and feet up towards the body; foot points more superiorly or toward the dorsum of the foot

Dorsiflexion

57

ankle’s movement (extension) causes the foot to point more inferiorly or towards the plantar
surface (e.g. Standing on tiptoes)

Plantar flexion

58

revolving a part/structure around its longitudinal axis

Rotation

59

revolving movement of the
anterior surface of the limb towards the median
plane

Medial rotation

60

revolving movement of the anterior surface of the limb away from the median plane

Lateral rotation

61

movement anteriorly (e.g.
Stick out tongue)

Protrusion/Protraction

62

movement posteriorly (e.g.
Bring tongue back to its oral cavity

Retrusion/Retraction

63

movement away from the median plane
in the coronal plane

Abduction

64

movement towards the median plane in
the coronal plane

Adduction

65

combination of flexion, extension,
abduction and adduction (usually in joints – shoulder, hip,
etc.)

circumduction

66

bringing the pad of the first digit to the other digits

Opposition

67

bringing the pad of the first digit back to
the anatomical position

Reposition

68

raising of a body part/structure; moving a
structure more superiorly

Elevation

69

bringing down a body part/structure;
moving a structure inferiorly

Depression

70

movement of the sole of the foot away
from the median plane

eversion

71

movement of the sole of the foot towards
the median plane

inversion

72

movement of the forearm and hand
wherein the radius moves medially around its
longitudinal axis such that the palms are facing
backward

Pronation

73

movement of the forearm and the hand
wherein the radius moves laterally along its
longitudinal axis such that the palms are facing
forward

Supination

74

a site where two/more bones come together; some
have no movement (e.g. Suture of the skull), some have only
slight movement (e.g. Superior tibiofibular joint), some are
freely movable (shoulder joint)

Joint

75

Movements involved in hip “pagdekwatro” (male)

Hip Flexion
Hip External Rotation
Hip Abduction