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Flashcards in Pain Deck (21)
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0

How many levels can medication bring down a person's pain?

2-3

1

What distinguishes acute from chronic pain?

Effect on heart rate, respirations, and blood pressure, dilation of pupils, and sweating

2

Pain is an activation of which nervous system?

Sympathetic

3

How long does pain have to persist for it to be chronic?

3 months

4

What are characteristics of chronic pain?

It is poorly localized and often accompanied by depression

5

What are the categories of pain?

Localized, projected, radiating, and referred

6

Which two specific fibers transmit periphery pain?

A delta fibers and C fibers

7

What are the sources of pain?

Nociceptive and Neuropathic

8

When assessing pain, what should be considered?

Precipitating or palliative, quality or quantity, region or radiation, severity scale, and timing

9

What are the drug groups of pain medication?

Non-opioids, opioids, and adjuvants

10

How do opioids treat pain?

They block the release of neurotransmitters in the spinal cord

11

What are the side effects of opioids?

Nausea, vomiting, constipation, sedation, and respiratory depression

12

Why should you not use heating pads when administering pain medication?

They cause the meds to be absorbed quicker

13

When a patient complains of a pain level of 1-3, which type of medication should they be given?

Non-opioids

14

When a patient complains of a pain level of 4-6, which type of pain medication should they be given?

Weak opioids along or with adjuvant drugs

15

When a patient complains of a pain level of 7-10, which type of medication should they be given?

Strong opioids

16

What types of nonpharmalogical measures can be taken to reduce pain?

Physical measures, physical and occupational therapy, and cognitive/behavioral measures

17

What are types of physical interventions that can relieve pain?

Application of heat, cold, or pressure, therapeutic touch, massage, and vibration

18

What are cognitive and behavioral strategies used as adjuncts to drug therapy to reduce pain?

Distraction, imagery, relaxation techniques, hypnosis, acupuncture, and glucosamine

19

What invasive techniques can be used to control chronic pain when drugs or other methods are ineffective?

Nerve blocks and spinal cord stimulation

20

What should a pain assessment include?

Level of consciousness, vital sign changes, and pain characteristics