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Flashcards in Electrolytes Deck (17)
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0

What regulates calcium levels in the extracellular fluid?

Parathyroid hormone, calcitonin, and calcitriol

1

What effect does calcium have on muscle cells?

Calming effect

2

How does calcium assist in blood clotting?

Converts prothrombin to thrombin

3

How do Calcium levels affect Sodium?

Low Calcium increases Sodium movement across excitable membranes

4

What test is most helpful when monitoring hypocalcemic levels?

24 hour urine calcium levels

5

Malignant tumors can cause what type of hormonal imbalance?

They cause hypercalcemia by releasing calcium from bones

6

What is a side effect of hypercalcemia?

Renal caliculi

7

How much should a hypercalcemic patient drink?

3-4 L/day

8

Besides calcium, which electrolyte should be used to treat osteoporosis, and why?

Magnesium because it helps Calcium bind to bone

9

Why are alcoholics so susceptible to electrolyte imbalances?

Because they don't eat well

10

What supplements do "banana bags" contains?

Magnesium, thiamine, and folic acid

11

What patients are susceptible to hyeragnesemia?

Renal failure, Addison's, Adrenalectomy, and Adrenal Insufficiency

12

How does the body use Phosphorous?

It activates B-complex vitamins, forms and activates ATP, and assists in cell division

13

What type of relationship do Calcium and Phosphorous have?

Indirect

14

How does the body use chloride?

It helps in the formation of HCl acid in the stomach

15

If electrolyte imbalance is suspected, what systems should the nurse be sure to assess?

Neurologic, musculoskeletal, and cardiac

16

What is the most important thing to monitor in patients with electrolyte imbalances?

Input and Output