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Flashcards in Part 2 Deck (93)
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The basic functional unit of bones is the:
a) compact bones
b) periosteum
c) spongy bones
d) osteons

d) osteons

contain a mineral matrix and living osteocytes cells connected by canaliculi, which transport blood


Which cranial nerve controls the shoulder?
a) vagus
b) trigeminal
c) accessory
d) abucens

c) accessory

cranial nerve that supplies the sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles. It is considered as the eleventh of twelve pairs of cranial nerves


Your client is lying in the supine position and complains of lower back pain. What do you do first?
a) stop the massage
b) turn him on his side
c) ask him to relax
d) place a pillow under his knee

d) place a pillow under his knee


Which nerve controls the heart and lungs?
a) trochlear
b) cranial cardiac
c) vagus
d) cardio-pulmonary

c) vagus (aka pneumogastric nerve)


If your client has HIV, under what circumstances can you refuse treatment?
a) when your client thinks he is infected
b) when you are afraid of being infected
c) only when your client admits he is infected
d) none of the above

d) none of the above


Which body cavity contains the heart and lungs?
a) thoracic
b) pleural
c) chest
d) dorsal

a) thoracic

pleural cavity = there are actually two (surrounding each lung), contains only the lungs, not the heart


What term means the blood?
a) hemostasis
b) hemoiasiss
c) hematoma
d) emia

d) emia


The suffix "ase" normally indicates a:
a) sugar
b) enzyme
c) carbohydrate
d) abnormal conition

b) enzyme


Which of the following may lead to the revocation of your license?
a) opening 24 hours without approval
b) not closing the premises for repairs
c) abandoning the premises
d) having too many therapists on duty

c) abandoning the premises


Which term indicates the use of ice?
a) cyanosis
b) sub-thermosis
c) hyposome
d) cry

d) cry


Which bone connects the tibia, fibula, and the navicular?
a) phalanges
b) digitals
c) talus
d) calcaneus

c) talus (aka ankle bone)


The origin of the sartorius muscle is:
a) femur
b) ilium
c) ischium
d) pubis

b) ilium

uppermost and largest part of the hip bone


Which muscle is involved in the plantarflexion of the foot?
a) pectineus
b) gastrocnemius
c) gracilis
d) tibialis anterior

b) gastrocnemius


Which are two muscles of the leg?
a) pectineus
b) sartorius
c) gracilis
d) peroneus brevis

d) peroneus brevis = lower leg
b) sartorius = hip to knee
pectineus = hip
gracilis = groin


What do you do if your client does not comprehend what you are saying?
a) massage slowly and carefully
b) have him/her sign a consent form
c) do not massage
d) ask his/her friend for consent

c) do not massage


What is the main physiological benefit of massage?
a) it breaks up fibrosis
b) increases blood circulation
c) it warms the skin
d) it sedates the client

b) increases blood circulation

general massage outcomes:
relaxation, stress management, pain management, functional mobility


In which direction do you massage the abdomen?
a) with the peristalsis
b) counter-clockwise
c) toward the venous flow
d) from distal to proximal

a) with the peristalsis


Spongy bone tissue is found:
a) in the nose
b) in the hyoid bone
c) between hard bones
d) end of long bones

d) end of long bones

Spongy bone has a lower density and allows the ends of long bones to compress as the result of stresses applied to the bone.
ends of long bones, as well as in the pelvic bones, ribs, skull, and the vertebrae in the spinal column


What is melanin?
a) a cancer
b) a pigment
c) a protein
d) a membrane

b) a pigment

produced by melanocytes; Everyone has the same number of melanocytes, but some people make more melanin than others. The more melanin, the darker your skin/eyes/hair


The mediastinum is located in the:
a) throat
b) abdominal cavity
c) thorax
d) umbilical region

c) thorax (between the two pleural sacs)

a membranous partition between two body cavities or two parts of an organ, especially that between the lungs


What is exudate?
a) an inflammatory mediator
b) a waste product of metabolism
c) fluid that accumulates in inflamed tissue
d) excretion of the alimentary canal

c) fluid that accumulates in inflamed tissue

An exudate is any fluid that filters from the circulatory system into lesions or areas of inflammation; normal part of healing process; prevents wound from drying out and helps tissue-repairing cells to migrate and provides essential nutrients and growth factors


Which quadrant is the stomach located in?
a) right upper
b) right lower
c) left lower
d) left upper

d) left upper


What is phagocytosis?
a) eating microbes
b) inflammation of the phalanges
c) bad breath
d) excess gas in the large inestines

a) eating microbes

process by which certain living cells called phagocytes ingest or engulf other cells or particles


What is the function of pacinian corpuscles?
a) defend the body
b) detect vibration and pressure
c) detect light touch
d) transport gases

b) detect vibration and pressure (aka lamellar)

one of the four major types of mechanoreceptor cells; others types are tactile corpuscles (Meissner's corpuscles), Merkel nerve endings, and bulbous corpuscles (Ruffini corpuscle)


What is the function of Meisner's corpuscles?
a) defend the body
b) detect vibration and pressure
c) detect light touch
d) transport gases

c) detect light touch (aka tactile corpuscle)

one of the four major types of mechanoreceptor cells; others types are Merkel nerve endings, lamellar (Pacinian) corpuscles, and bulbous corpuscles (Ruffini)


What is the function of red corpuscles?
a) defend the body
b) detect vibration and pressure
c) detect light touch
d) transport gases

d) transport gases
red corpuscles = red blood cells = erythrocytes
corpuscle basically just means "tiny piece"

carry oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues and carbon dioxide, as a waste product, away from the tissues and back to the lungs


What is the function of white corpuscles?
a) defend the body
b) detect vibration and pressure
c) detect light touch
d) transport gases

a) defend the body against infection and disease

white corpuscles = white blood cells = leukocytes

White blood cells originate in the bone marrow but circulate throughout the bloodstream; there are several types


What muscle elevates and depresses the scapula?
a) rhomboids
b) teres major
c) trapezius
d) subscapicularis

c) trapezius

used to tilt and turn the head and neck, shrug, steady the shoulders, and twist the arms; The trapezius elevates, depresses, rotates, and retracts the scapula, or shoulder blade. Innervation of the trapezius is derived from the spinal accessory nerve.


The ulna is what to the radius?
a) medial
b) proximal
c) lateral
d) distral

a) medial


How many segments are in the spinal cord?
a) 24
b) 26
c) 31
d) 36

c) 31

remember: vertebral column refers to bones; spinal cord is part of the central nervous system; The spinal cord is shorter than the length of the bony spinal column; the vertebral column encloses and protects the spinal cord