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Flashcards in Part 4 Deck (90)
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The apprenticeship program consists of
a) 420 hours
b) 550 hours
c) 570 hours
d) 600 hours

c) 570 hours

additionally must complete CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) training
150 academic hours = 50 hours anatomy, physiology, and structural kinesiology; 100 hours theory and demonstration
420 practical hours


How many years must a sponsoring massage therapist be licensed?
a) 2 years
b) 3 years
c) 4 years
d) 5 years

b) 3 years


Why is the pre-massage assessment and consultation important?
a) determines client needs
b) assesses for contra-indication
c) informs client what to expect
d) all of the above

d) all of the above


When applying compressive force, what body posture should you use?
a) asymmetrical stance
b) rigid body stance
c) flexed knee stance
d) symmetrical stance

a) asymmetrical stance


A neuro-psychiatric client is manic-depressive. What do you do?
a) treat him/her
b) do not treat him/her
c) consult his/her psychiatrist
d) consult his/her guardian

c) consult his/her psychiatrist


What type of gland secretes mostly water and waste products?
a) endocrine
b) eccrine
c) exocrine
d) sebaceous

b) eccrine

major sweat glands; found in virtually all skin; highest density in palm and soles, then head; much less trunk the extremities
controlled by SNS


What are the white cords or bands that serve to attach muscles to bones?
a) hyaline
b) ligaments
c) tendons
d) fibrocartilage

c) tendons

flexible but inelastic cord of strong fibrous collagen tissue


The fluid which surrounds the brain is
a) plasma fluid
b) cranial fluid
c) lymph fluid
d) cerebrospinal fluid

d) cerebrospinal fluid

protects brain and spinal cord from trauma
supplies nutrients to nervous system tissue
removes waste products from cerebral metabolism.


Which bone supports the tongue?
a) hyoid
b) pharynx
c) cervical
d) cricoid

a) hyoid


Which muscle aids in breathing?
a) costals
b) diaphragm
c) thoracic flexors
d) transverse abdominis

b) diaphragm


Your client was kicked in the calf and is in pain. What do you do?
a) massage carefully
b) refer to a physician
c) activate trigger points for pain
d) offer him two aspirin tablets

b) refer to a physician


What does the acronym RICE man?
a) rest, ice, comfort, elevate
b) relax, ice, compression, elevate
c) rest, ice, compression, elevate
d) relax, ice, comfort, elevate

c) rest, ice, compression, elevate

helps to reduce swelling; typically used for ankle sprains


The complex process by which food is used by a living organism is
a) anabolism
b) catabolism
c) mitosis
d) metabolism

d) metabolism

After we eat food, the digestive system uses enzymes to:
break proteins down into amino acids
turn fats into fatty acids
turn carbohydrates into simple sugars (for example, glucose)


Adipose tissue is
a) connective tissue
b) smooth tissue
c) epithelial tissue
d) fibrous tissue

a) connective tissue

four main types of tissue: muscle, epithelial, connective and nervous


When applying effleurage, the pressure throughout the stroke should be
a) up and down
b) hard
c) soft
d) even

d) even


The general direction of massage is
a) from proximal to distal in a centrifugal direction
b) from proximal to distal in a centripetal direction
c) from distal to proximal in a centrifugal direction
d) from distal to proximal in a centripetal direction

d) from distal to proximal in centripetal direction

centripetal = toward center of body; provides better mobilization of fluids to circulation
distal to proximal = extremeties to heart
veins carry blood towards heart; you want to push in the same direction as the blood flows thru the veins


Which muscle produces grating of the teeth?
a) masseter
b) mandibulis
c) pterygoids
d) temporalis

c) pterygoid muscles (a.k.a. wing muscles)

4 (main) muscles involved in mastication:
temporalis, masseter, medial pterygoid, lateral pterygoid


Contraction of the diaphragm muscle is basically for
a) digestion
b) inspiration
c) expiration
d) defecation

b) inspiration

separates thoracic cavity from abdomen; main muscle of respiration; Contraction of the diaphragm (moves down) expands the lungs during inspiration; expansion of lungs increases their volume and decreases pressure inside the lungs; this causes air to be sucked in; when diaphragm relaxes and expands (moves up) this increases volume in lungs, pushing air out; the phrenic nerve controls the diaphragm

inspiratoon is also aided by the intercostals, SCM and pectoralis minor


Which muscle abducts the scapula?
a) serratus anterior
b) trapezius
c) subscapicularis
d) infraspinatus

a) serratus anterior

forward rotation of the arm and to pull the scapula forward and around the rib cage


What do you do if you are working on a client and he/she complains of pain where you are working?
a) Say "no pain, no gain"
b) back off and communicate to ensure comfort
c) stop the massage
d) only work on areas which don't cause pain

b) back off and communicate to ensure comfort


Which endagerment site is located at the anterior of the elbow?
a) olecranon
b) cubital fossa
c) axillary
d) humerus

b) cubital fossa

contains the median nerve. the brachial artery. the tendon of biceps brachii


Which technique should not be used for cramps?
a) effleurage
b) petrissage
c) friction
d) vibration

c) friction


In the prone position a cushion is placed under the ankles to prevent
a) extreme dorsiflexion
b) hyperflexion
c) extreme pronation
d) extreme plantar plexion

d) extreme plantar flexion


What is the more mobile and distal end of a muscle called?
a) synergist
b) insertion
c) origin
d) prime mover

b) insertion

that end of the muscle that attaches to the freely moving bone of its joint; Movement happens at joints, where one bone acts freely as the other remains relatively stationary


Which plexus controls the hips, thighs and knees?
a) sacral
b) femoral
c) iliac
d) lumbar

a) sacral

part of the lumbosacral plexus and emerges from the lumbar vertebrae and sacral vertebrae (L4-S4)


Dorsiflexion means to move the foot
a) downward
b) backward
c) inward
d) outward

b) backward (up and back, towards the shin)


Which is not a characteristic of skeletal muscles?
a) controlled by will
b) striated muscles
c) elastic
d) none of the above

d) none of the above


The adductor pollicis
a) draws thumbs to fingers
b) draws the arms to the body
c) draws the fingers together
d) draws the legs to the body

a) draws thumbs to fingers

pollicis from Latin pollex = thumb


Which is the largest organ of the boy
a) stomach
b) large intestines
c) liver
d) none of the above

d) none of the above


Which is the best technique for locating pain?
a) effleurage
b) petrissage
c) compression
d) friction

a) effleurage (combined with palpation in my opinion)