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Flashcards in Part 3 Deck (64)
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1

What is the action called when one or several muscles help the prime mover in a particular action over a joint?
a) resistance
b) synergy
c) fizxation
d) isotonic

b) synergy

whether or not two muscles are synnergistic depends on the motion

2

One of the attachments of the semitendinosus is the
a) linea aspera
b) femur
c) ischial tuberosity
d) trochanter

c) ischial tuberosity (origin)

part of the hamstring group: biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus
insertion: Proximal end of tibia
innervation: sciatic nerve

3

The origin of the sartorius is the
a) tibia
b) trochanter
c) anterior inferior iliac spine
d) anterior superior iliac spine

d) anterior superior iliac spine (asis)

flexes, adducts, and rotates the hip
insertion: tibia

4

In rotations of the neck, the SCM contracts in the opposite direction. This movement is called
a) ipsilateral
b) contralateral
c) medial rotation
d) anterior rostral

b) contralateral

5

A muscle which moves the arm in hyperextension of the shoulders is the
a) infraspinatus
b) latissiums dorsi
c) trapezius
d) subscapicularis

b) latissimus dorsi

6

What makes up a motor unit?
a) 2 anterior horns and and 1 motor fiber
b) 1 neuron, 1 anterior horn, and 1 motor fiber
c) 1 posterior horn and 1 motor fiber
d) 1 motor axon and the muscle fibers it innervates

d) 1 motor axon and the muscle fibers it innervates`

7

Hemoglobin is located in
a) red blood cells
b) white blood cells
c) thrombocytes
d) platelets

a) red blood cells

8

What is the lowest area in the abdomen?
a) pelvis
b) tailbone
c) inguinal region
d) peritoneum

c) inguinal region

9

Where is the origin of the semitendinosus
a) linea aspera
b) ischial tuberosity
c) femur
d) trochanter

b) ischial tuberosity

10

The talus connects what bones?
a) tibia, fibula, calcaneus, cuboid
b) tibia, fibula, navicular
c) tibia, fibula, calcaneus, navicular
d) tibia, fibula, cuboid, navicular

c) tibia, fibula, calcaneus, navicular

11

The descending colon at its distal end connects to the
a) sigmoid colon
b) rectum
c) transverse colon
d) cecum

a) sigmoid colon

12

When you wave your hand in a raised position sideways, as in saying goodbye, what is this movement?
a) abduction
b) circumflexion
c) adduction
d) extension

a) abduction

13

What muscle reaches from the pubic bone to the thorax?
a) rectus thoracis
b) rectus abdominis
c) transversalis of fascia
d) obliques

b) rectus abdominis

14

At what structures in the lungs does gas exchange occur?
a) bronchi
b) alveoli
c) venules
d) anterioles

b) alveoli

15

The axial skeleton includes
a) head and vertebrae
b) arms
c) thighs and legs
d) hands and feet

a) head and vertebrae

16

What forward movement of the jaw is parallel to the ground?
a) Hyperextension
b) protraction
c) depression
d) supination

b) protraction

17

Drop foot is a condition caused by paralysis of what nerve?
a) tibial
b) deep peroneal
c) musculocutaneous
d) femoral

d) femoral

18

The heart and lungs are supplied by what nerve?
a) phrenic
b) trigeminal
c) circumflex
d) pneumogastric

d) pneumogastric (aka vagus)

19

The head is located in what region?
a) temporal
b) plural
c) frontal
d) umbilical

c) frontal

20

The tissue that contains fat cells, blood vessels, hair follicles and nerve endings is called
a) reticular layer
b) myofascia
c) epidermal layer
d) epicardial

a) reticular layer (part of the dermis)

21

The first cranial neve supplies the sense of
a) sight
b) touch
c) taste
d) smell

d) smell

22

The underlying layer of skin is
a) epidermis
b) dermis
c) stratum corneum
d) papillae

b) dermis

23

Gluteus medius and obturator externus are in the
a) back
b) thigh
c) hip
d) neck

c) hip

gluteus medius = ilium to proximal femur
obturator medius = pelvis to femur

24

The muscle that flexes the little finger is
a) flexor digitorum
b) flexor digitorum profundus
c) flexor digiti minimi
d) flexor pollicis brevis

c) flexor digiti minimi

25

The major muscle that holds the head erect is
a) latissimus dorsi
b) sternocleidomastoid
c) erector spinae
d) brachialis

b) sternocleidomastoid

26

The major artery that dispenses blood throughout the body is
a) carotid artery
b) aorta
c) jugular vein
d) vena cava

b) aorta

27

The main support of the body is
a) appendicular skeleton
b) muscle fibers
c) frontal skeleton
d) axial skeleton

d) axial skeleton

The axial skeleton supports and protects the brain, spinal cord and many of the internal organs. It also provides sites for the attachment of other bones and muscles in the body and protects the nerves and blood vessels from the brain and spinal cord

28

The gland that is considered the master gland is
a) thyroid
b) pituitary
c) adrenal
d) pineal

b) pituitary

29

Blood flows toward the heart through the
a) aorta
b) carotid artery
c) vena cava
d) brachiocephalic artery

c) vena cava

30

The more fixed end of a muscle is known as
a) insertion
b) lymph glands
c) origin
d) ligament

c) origin